Human rights in Somaliland

Human rights in Somaliland are protected by Chapter one, Part three of the Constitution of Somaliland. Somaliland is an unrecognised sovereign state in the Horn of Africa, internationally considered[1][2] to be part of Somalia.

Amnesty International criticizes the persistence of the death penalty and cases of controversial detentions and trials in Somaliland.[3]

In January 2007, the editor and several journalists of the Haatuf newspaper were arrested because they had "defamed" the president's family with their corruption allegations. Under pressure from Somalilander expats and local media, the government released the journalists after 86 days in custody. [4] Other journalists dealing with corruption were also victims of intimidation.[5] Asylum seekers from the Ethiopian regions of Somali and Oromia, who are suspected of supporting the separatist Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) or the Oromo Liberation Front, have been repatriated to Ethiopia at the request of the Ethiopian government. According to human rights organizations, these people are at risk of arbitrary detention and torture.[6] However, this order was not carried out.

As of 2009, Freedom House names the following human rights problems in Somaliland: corruption, interference and harassment of journalists, banning non-Islamic proselytizing, banning public demonstrations, lack of due process and prolonged detention before trial, weak judiciary and female genital mutilation.[7]

Freedom of expressionEdit

It is forbidden in Somaliland to promote the unity of Somaliland with Somalia,[8] or to wear the flag of Somalia,[9] which endangers the security of the powerful, according to the Somaliland Constitution of 2001, which affirmed the independence of Somaliland from Somalia.[10]


  1. ^ "Issue 270". Archived from the original on 21 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  2. ^ "The Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic" (PDF). University of Pretoria. 1 February 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  3. ^ "2006 Annual Report – Somalia" (in German). Amnesty International. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Somaliland journalists freed after 86 days". afrol News. Archived from the original on 29 July 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  5. ^ HRW 2009 (S. 37–39)
  6. ^ "Somalia: Human Rights Challenges: Somaliland Facing Elections". Amnesty International. 17 March 2009. Archived from the original on 29 July 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Freedom in the World 2010 - Somaliland". Freedom House. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Somaliland: Prosecutions Threaten Free Expression". Human Rights Watch. 8 May 2018. Archived from the original on 29 July 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Somaliland's Horn Stars band arrested over Somali flag". BBC News. 28 September 2015.
  10. ^ "Elections in Somaliland". Retrieved 2020-06-20.

External linksEdit