Hoxton (UK Parliament constituency)

Hoxton was a borough constituency centred on the Hoxton district of London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

Hoxton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of membersone
Replaced byShoreditch
Created fromHackney

HistoryEdit

 
Hoxton in the Metropolitan area, boundaries 1885-1918

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election.

BoundariesEdit

 
A map showing the wards of Shoreditch Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916

The constituency was created in 1885, as a division of the parliamentary borough of Shoreditch in the East End of London. The area was administered as part of the Tower division of the county of Middlesex.

The division consisted of the Church, Hoxton, Moorfields and Wenlock wards.

In 1889 there were administrative changes. The territory of the constituency was severed from Middlesex and included in the new County of London. The lower tier of local government in the area continued to be administered by parish vestries and local boards of works.

In 1900 local government in London was rationalised. The civil parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch became part of a larger Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch.

In the redistribution of parliamentary seats in 1918, the Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch constituted a single parliamentary division of Shoreditch. The Hoxton division was abolished.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member Party
1885 James Stuart Liberal
1900 Claude Hay Conservative
1910 Christopher Addison Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Stuart 3,084 60.1 N/A
Conservative Robert Arthur Germaine 2,047 39.9 N/A
Majority 1,037 20.2 N/A
Turnout 5,131 60.6 N/A
Registered electors 8,469
Liberal win (new seat)
General election 1886: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Stuart 2,324 52.8 −7.3
Conservative Robert Arthur Germaine 2,079 47.2 +7.3
Majority 245 5.6 −14.6
Turnout 4,403 52.0 −8.6
Registered electors 8,469
Liberal hold Swing -7.3

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Stuart 3,410 61.6 +8.8
Conservative Claude Hay 2,114 38.1 −9.1
Labour Union Alexander Karley Donald 19 0.3 New
Majority 1,296 23.5 +17.9
Turnout 5,543 69.2 +17.2
Registered electors 8,011
Liberal hold Swing +9.0
 
James Stuart
General election 1895: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Stuart 2,990 51.1 −10.5
Conservative Claude Hay 2,862 48.9 +10.8
Majority 128 2.2 −21.3
Turnout 5,852 66.6 −2.6
Registered electors 8,789
Liberal hold Swing −10.7

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Claude Hay 2,866 52.5 +3.6
Liberal James Stuart 2,595 47.5 −3.6
Majority 271 5.0 N/A
Turnout 5,461 70.1 +3.5
Registered electors 7,789
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.6
 
Henry Ward
General election 1906: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Claude Hay 3,489 55.9 +3.4
Liberal Henry Ward 2,753 44.1 −3.4
Majority 736 11.8 +6.8
Turnout 6,242 80.5 +10.4
Registered electors 7,754
Conservative hold Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1910sEdit

 
C. Addison
General election January 1910: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Addison 3,736 52.4 +8.3
Conservative Claude Hay 3,398 47.6 −8.3
Majority 338 4.8 N/A
Turnout 7,134 83.6 +3.1
Registered electors 8,530
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.3
General election December 1910: Hoxton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Addison 3,489 55.5 +3.1
Conservative Francis Francis 2,795 44.5 −3.1
Majority 694 11.0 +6.2
Turnout 6,284 73.7 −9.9
Registered electors 8,530
Liberal hold Swing +3.1

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.