Greater Copenhagen Light Rail
Greater Copenhagen Light Rail (Danish: Hovedstadens Letbane) is a planned electric light rail system in the Greater Copenhagen, Denmark. Its first stage is known as the Ring 3 Light Rail and went under construction in 2018. It will go from Lundtofte Park north of Copenhagen to Ishøj station in the southwest, and it is expected to open in 2025, with an annual ridership of 13-14 million projected. The line will be owned by the Ringby-Letbanesamarbejdet (Ring city-Light rail cooperation), which is a collaboration between the municipalities serviced or affected by the line.
|Transit type||Light rail|
|Number of lines||1 (in development)|
|Number of stations||27|
|Operation will start||2025|
|Train length||35 m (114 ft 10 in)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC Overhead lines|
|Average speed||30 km/h (19 mph)|
|Top speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
Currently the rapid transit network of greater Copenhagen consists of a metro line serving the city centre, south-eastern suburbs and one western suburb, and a well-developed S-train network consisting of radial lines and one inner ring line relatively close to the city centre. Further from the city centre, transport between the radials consists of bus lines. Since the suburbs along the radials are expected to grow, a better quality public transport solution between them will be needed. Furthermore, some high passenger volume destinations such as the Technical University and two hospitals are not yet directly accessible through rapid transit.
In total the line will have 29 stations, six of which will have a connection to the S-train network.
|Station||Travelling time |
|Anker Engelunds Vej||3|
|Lyngby Centrum (Nærum Line)||10|
|Gladsaxe Rådhus (Town Hall)||18|
|Herlev Bymidte (Centre)||27|
|Herlev Syd (South)||30|
|Rødovre Nord (North)||31|
|Glostrup Nord (North)||36|
|Ishøj Strand (Beach)||55|
Financing and ownershipEdit
The line will be owned through the Ringby-Light rail cooperation by the Ministry of Transport, Capital Region of Denmark and the municipalities of Lyngby-Taarbæk, Gladsaxe, Herlev Municipality, Albertslund, Rødovre, Glostrup, Brøndby, Hvidovre, Vallensbæk, Ishøj and Høje-Taastrup. The Danish state's will contribute 40% to the construction, the municipalities 34% and the Capital Region of Denmark will contribute 26%.
Several expansion stages are proposed, including a branch from Park Allé via Brøndby Stadium and Brøndby Strand station to Avedøre Holme. This can also be extended to Copenhagen Airport. Likewise, a northern extension to Kokkedal Station is proposed. This, together with an HH-connection may be a small part of a future ring around the Øresund with rail traffic.
- "L for Letbane". Hovedstadens Letbane. November 5, 2015.
- "Ring 3 Light Rail, Copenhagen, Denmark". railway-technology.com.