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The Hotan River (formerly known as the Khotan River or the Ho-t'ien River) is formed by the union of the White Jade (Yurungkash) and Karakash (Black Jade) Rivers, which flow north from the Kunlun Mountains into the Taklamakan Desert in northern China. The two rivers unite towards the middle of the desert, some 145 kilometres (90 mi) north of the town of Hotan. The river then flows 290 kilometres (180 mi) northwards across the desert and empties itself into the Tarim River.[2] Because the river is fed by melting snow from the mountains, it only carries water during the summer and is dry the rest of the year. Prior to construction of the Tarim Desert Highway in 1995, the Hotan river bed provided the only transportation system across the Tarim Basin.[3]

Hotan River
Khotan River.png
The Hotan River is formed by the union of the White Jade and Black Jade Rivers in northern China.[1]
Native name和田河  (Chinese)
Location
Physical characteristics
SourceKarakash River, White Jade River
 ⁃ coordinates38°05′N 80°34′E / 38.08°N 80.56°E / 38.08; 80.56
MouthTarim River
 ⁃ coordinates
40°28′43″N 80°56′39″E / 40.478479°N 80.944169°E / 40.478479; 80.944169Coordinates: 40°28′43″N 80°56′39″E / 40.478479°N 80.944169°E / 40.478479; 80.944169
Basin features
ProgressionTarimTaitema Lake
Hotan River
Chinese name
Chinese和田河
Old name
Traditional Chinese和闐河
Simplified Chinese和阗河
Uyghur name
Uyghurخوتەن دەرياسى

ReferencesEdit