Horace Jones (architect)

Sir Horace Jones PPRIBA (20 May 1819 – 21 May 1887) was an English architect particularly noted for his work as architect and surveyor to the City of London from 1864 until his death. He served as president of the Royal Institute of British Architects from 1882 until 1884, and was knighted in 1886. His most recognised work, Tower Bridge, was completed posthumously.

Horace Jones
Portrait by Walter William Ouless, 1886
Born(1819-05-20)20 May 1819
Bucklersbury, London
Died21 May 1887(1887-05-21) (aged 68)
Resting placeWest Norwood Cemetery
SpouseAnn Elizabeth Patch

Biography edit

The son of David Jones, a lawyer, and Sarah Lydia Shephard, Jones was born at 15 Size Lane, Bucklersbury, London. He was articled to John Wallen, an architect and surveyor, of 16 Aldermanbury, and subsequently in 1841–42 travelled to Italy and Greece studying ancient architecture.[1]

In 1843 he commenced practice as an architect at 16 Furnival's Inn, Holborn. Beginning with Cardiff Town Hall (c. 1850–53)[2] and Caversham Park (from c. 1850), he designed and carried out many important buildings, soon coming to concentrate on work in London. He was surveyor for the Duke of Buckingham's Tufnell Park estate, for the Barnard estate, and the Bethnal Green estate.[1]

On 26 February 1864 he was elected architect and surveyor to the City of London, succeeding James Bunstone Bunning. Jones completed projects begun by his predecessor, such as the City Lunatic Asylum at Dartford, and was in charge of several renovations and additions to the Guildhall. He designed and built some of London's most famous markets, in particular Smithfield, Billingsgate and Leadenhall. He also designed the memorial at Temple Bar, replacing Wren's arch which was a notorious traffic obstacle.

Jones' final legacy is one of the most recognised buildings in the world, Tower Bridge. It was designed in collaboration with the civil engineer John Wolfe Barry, who was brought in as an expert to devise the mechanism for the bascule bridge. Following Jones' death during the initial stages of construction, the execution lay in the hands of Barry.

Jones became an associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1842, a fellow in 1855 and served as the institute's president from 1882 to 1883. He was knighted on 30 July 1886. He was a freemason, and from 1882 until his death was Grand Superintendent of Works.[1]

Jones married Ann Elizabeth Patch, the daughter of John Patch, a barrister, on 15 April 1875. He died at 30 Devonshire Place, Portland Place, London, on 21 May 1887, and was buried in West Norwood Cemetery on 27 May. A portrait of Jones by Walter William Ouless RA was exhibited at the Royal Academy Exhibition in 1887.[1]

Works edit

All in London unless otherwise stated.

Destroyed edit

Extant edit

Gallery edit

Notes and references edit

  1. ^ a b c d Dictionary of National Biography 1885–1900
  2. ^ The Civil engineer & [and] architect's journal. 1867. p. 187.
  3. ^ Image at Gathering the Jewels.
  4. ^ Image at Media Storehouse.
  5. ^ Image at Distant Writing.
  6. ^ Companion to the Almanac, Volume 33. 1860. p. 249.
  7. ^ "Plod in the Square Mile - Bishopsgate Police Station".
  8. ^ Details and photos at Victorian Web.
  9. ^ Images of Tower Bridge during construction

Sources edit

External links edit