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Honey Lake is an endorheic sink in the Honey Lake Valley[2] in northeastern California, near the Nevada border. Summer evaporation reduces the lake to a lower level of 12 square kilometers (3,000 acres) and creates an alkali flat.[citation needed]

Honey Lake
Wfm honey lake.jpg
Landsat 7 image of Honey Lake
LocationGreat Basin, Lassen County, California, United States
Coordinates40°15′N 120°21′W / 40.250°N 120.350°W / 40.250; -120.350Coordinates: 40°15′N 120°21′W / 40.250°N 120.350°W / 40.250; -120.350
Primary inflowsSusan River
Basin countriesUnited States
Surface area86 sq mi (220 km2)[1]
Water volume120,000 acre feet (150,000,000 m3)
SettlementsSusanville (20 mi SE)

Honey Lake recreational activities include bird-watching, picnicking, hiking, camping, warm-water fishing, and waterfowl hunting. The lake is part of the Honey-Eagle Lakes watershed of 2,770 sq mi (7,200 km2)[3] which includes the Honey Lake Basin of 2,201 sq mi (5,700 km2).[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Map of Honey Lake watershed

During the Pleistocene Honey Lake and the entire Honey Lake Valley were part of Lake Lahontan in western Nevada with a lake water level of 1,332 m (4,370 ft)[5] a level of approximately 115 m (377 ft) higher than the 1984 level of Honey Lake.[1] The connection to Lake Lahontan was through Astor Pass north of the Virginia Mountains into Pyramid Lake and through Sand Pass into the Smoke Creek Desert portion of Lake Lahontan to the northeast. Both passes are at approximately 1,224 m (4,016 ft) elevation.[5][6]

Toward the end of the Civil War, the California Volunteer Cavalry used the route from Camp Bidwell (Chico, California) through the Honey Lake and Surprise Valley areas as a line of protection for silver mine output in the Owyhee district of Idaho.[citation needed]

Honey Lake was used as a bombing test range prior to World War II and for ordinance demolition and testing through the war and into the mid 1950s.[7]

Honey Lake Wildlife AreaEdit

The Honey Lake Wildlife Area (HLWA) is a California Department of Fish and Game protected area wetland of 7667 acres[8] at the mouth of the Susan River on the north shore of Honey Lake which has numerous bird species. Mammals such as deer and antelope and a modest amount of warm-water fish are taken at Honey Lake. The state issued a special series of text-only season-long waterfowl hunting permit stamps for the area, starting with the 1956-57 season and ending with the 1985-86 season. Day permits were also sold, but these were in card form. The stamps are listed in a number of catalogs for U.S. fish & game stamps, including the Scott Specialized Catalog of United State Stamps & Covers.

Honey Lake Wildlife Area (HLWA) was originally acquired to provide nesting and brood-rearing habitat for resident waterfowl, which is still a very important activity. Since its beginning, the Wildlife Area has expanded, and during peak migrations as many as 30,000 snow and Canada geese and 20,000 ducks have been observed daily. During the winter, a number of bald eagles can be observed at the HLWA, and during the spring, the threatened sandhill cranes and other sensitive species such as the white-faced ibis and bank swallow can be found. Ring-necked pheasants and California quail can be observed year-round.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Susanville, California, 30x60 Minute Topographic Quadrangle, USGS, 1984
  2. ^ "Honey Lake Valley Groundwater Basin" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-05-28.
  3. ^ "Boundary Descriptions and Names of Regions, Subregions, Accounting Units and Cataloging Units". USGS.gov. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
  4. ^ Rose, Timothy P., et. al (July 1997). "Environmental Isotope Investigation of Groundwater Flow in the Honey Lake Basin, California and Nevada" (PDF). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
  5. ^ a b Extent of Pleistocene Lakes in the Western Great Basin, Reheis, Marith, USGS, Misc. Field Studies Map MF2323, 1999
  6. ^ Kumiva Peak, Nevada–California, 30x60 Minute Topographic Quadrangle, USGS, 1984
  7. ^ Army Corps of Engineers website
  8. ^ Honey Lake Wildlife Area - Lassen County