Axis (genus)

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Axis is a genus of deer occurring in South and Southeast Asia. As presently defined by most authorities, four species are placed in the genus.

Chital herd.jpg
Axis axis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Axis
Smith, 1827

See text


Following the third edition of Mammal Species of the World from 2005, which is also followed by the American Society of Mammalogists, four species are placed in Axis.[1][2] These four species are divided into two subgenera; Axis containing the chital, and Hyelaphus containing the 3 others.[1]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
  Axis axis Chital, spotted deer, or axis deer Indian subcontinent, including Sri Lanka
  Axis calamianensis Calamian deer Calamian Islands in Palawan, the Philippines
  Axis kuhlii Bawean deer or Kuhl's deer Bawean Island in Indonesia
  Axis porcinus Hog deer northern plains of Indian subcontinent to Myanmar, parts of Indochina


  1. ^ a b Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Mammal Diversity Database (2021-08-10), Mammal Diversity Database, Zenodo, retrieved 2021-08-28