Hod HaSharon (Hebrew: הוֹד הַשָּׁרוֹן, lit. "Splendor of the Sharon plain") is a city in the Central District of Israel. The city is located approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Mediterranean coastline, south of Kfar Saba, southeast of Raanana, and northeast of Ramat HaSharon.
|• ISO 259||Hod ha Šaron|
|• Type||City (from 1990)|
|• Mayor||Amir Kochavi|
|• Total||19,236 dunams (19.236 km2 or 7.427 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,200/km2 (8,200/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Splendor of the Sharon plain|
Hod HaSharon was officially made a town in 1964 following the merging of four towns: Magdiel, Ramatayim, Hadar, and Ramat Hadar. The official land area of Hod HaSharon is 19.239 square kilometres (7.428 sq mi), and according to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), in 2017 the city had a total population of 61,102.
A 1,300 year old olive oil factory of mason-worked blocks was unearthed in Hod Hasharon. The leader of the excavation team Durar Masarwa stated, "We discovered the surface on which olive oil was extracted as well as a network of pipes, canals and holes that drained the liquid oil."
Ramatayim was founded in 1925 by immigrants from Poland. It was founded on the principle of private initiative. Ramatayim was built on two hills connected by a valley, hence the name Ramatayim, literally 'two hills'. Ramatayim is now the center of Hod HaSharon. According to a census conducted in 1931 by the British Mandate authorities, Ramatayim had a population of 180, in 31 houses.
Hadar was established in 1927 by Yael Leah Eichhorn, a middle-class immigrant from Eastern Europe, who was joined soon after by a group of Italian Jews. The land was purchased from the Abou Kishk Bedouin tribe. The pioneers decided to build a rural settlement based on citrus crops (hence the village's name, "Hadar" being Hebrew for "citrus"). In its early years, the farmers of Hadar also engaged in poultry farming. According to the 1931 census Hadar had 71 inhabitants, all Jews, in 23 houses. In the early 1940s, Yemenite immigrants moved to Hadar, establishing the Shikun Hateymanim quarter, today part of the Gannei Tzvi neighborhood. In 1951, Ramatayim and Hadar merged to form Hadar Ramatayim.
Ramat Hadar was established in December 1938 by middle-class immigrants from Nazi Germany, members of the Fifth Aliyah. Ramat Hadar was built on a hill between Kfar Hadar, Ramatayim, and the main road from Petah Tikva to Ramatayim. The economy of Ramat Hadar was based on small farms, mainly poultry farming. and citrus orchards. Ramat Hadar even had its own post office that was open between 1959 and 1989.
According to the CBS, the ethnic makeup of the city was in 2006 was 99.9% Jewish and other non-Arab, with no significant Arab population. In 2006 77 immigrants from out of Israel settled in Hod HaSharon as their first place of residence in the country, of whom 68.8% were under 18 years of age. 6.8% of the population of the city consists of immigrants to Israel since 1990. By 2025, the city is planned to have 80,000 inhabitants. The population density of Hod HaSharon is the lowest in the Sharon Plain.
According to the CBS, in 2006 there were 21,700 males and 22,800 females. The population of the city was spread out with 33.2% 19 years of age or younger, 13.0% between 20 and 29, 23.2% between 30 and 44, 18.5% from 45 to 59, 3.6% from 60 to 64, and 8.6% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2006 was 3.3%.
According to the CBS, as of 2005[update], there were 18,612 salaried workers and 2,006 are self-employed in the city. The mean monthly wage in 2004 for a salaried worker in the city was ILS 9,698, a year-on-year increase of 7.1%. Salaried males had a mean monthly wage of ILS 13,326 (a real change of 9.5%) versus ILS 6,306 for females (a real change of 1.6%). The mean income for the self-employed is ILS 8,490. There are 335 people who receive unemployment benefits and 300 people who receive an income guarantee.
According to the CBS, there are 18 schools and 8,083 students in the city: 12 elementary schools: The Democratic School, HaMagen, Yigal Alon, Lapid, Shilo, Mamlachti Alef, Neve Ne'eman, Rabin, Re'ut, Tali, Ha'Yarok in the name of Ariel Sharon, and Begin (4,406 students). 4 middle schools: HaRishonim, HaShachar, Atidim and Tzurim (1,628 students). A fifth middle school, HaShkimim opened in 2018. 5 high schools: Hadarim, Alexander Muss High School in Israel, Ramon, Mosenson and Na'amat (2,049 students). 71.7% of the city's 12th graders were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.
Mosenson Youth Village accepts both Israelis and overseas students. The Alexander Muss High School in Israel offers a program for American high school students who spend two months to a year in Israel. Each year approximately half of the tenth grade class from the Milken Community High School in Los Angeles, CA, come to Hod Hasharon to study for a semester along with this program.
Hod HaSharon is roughly bounded by Highway 531 in the north, Highway 40 in the east, Highway 5 in the south and Highway 4 in the west. Road 402 runs through the city. The city is served by two railway stations, Hod HaSharon Sokolov and Kfar Sava Nordau.
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
Hod HaSharon is twinned with:
- Ron Arad (b. 1958), Israeli Air Force weapon systems officer; classified as missing in action since 1986
- Danny Ayalon (b. 1955), politician and former Israeli ambassador to the United States
- Netta Barzilai (b. 1993), singer, winner of the Eurovision Song Contest in 2018
- Dor Daniel (b. 1982), singer-songwriter
- Gedalia Gal (b. 1933), farmer and former politician and member of the Israeli Knesset
- Eliran George, footballer
- Keren Hadar, soprano singer
- Yifat Kariv (b. 1973), member of the Israeli Knesset and social worker
- Keren Leibovitch (b. 1973), champion Paralympic swimmer
- Yaniv Luzon (b. 1981), footballer
- Noam Mills (b. 1986), female Israeli Olympic fencer
- Bar Refaeli (b. 1985), model and actress
- Udi Spielman (b. 1951), singer and Chazzan
- Ehud "Udi" Tenenbaum (b. 1979), software cracker, also known as The Analyzer
- Avihai Yadin (b. 1986), footballer
- Imri Ziv (b. 1991), singer
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
- Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"
- "Local Authorities in Israel 2011, Publication #1315 - Municipality Profiles - Hod HaSharon" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2011.
- "Identity Card". Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- "1,300 Year-Old Olive Oil Factory Excavated in Israel". Olive Oil Times. 2012.- Retrieved 2018-07-14
- Mills, 1932, p. 13
- Mosenson youth village
- "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr Destrict" (PDF). Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-28.