Hlubi people

The Hlubi (or AmaHlubi) are an Nguni ethnic group of Southern Africa, with the majority of population found in KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa.

Regions with significant populations
African Traditional Religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Zulu, Xhosa, Swati, Bhaca, Southern and Northern Ndebele people
Hlubi men and women at a kraal near Pietermaritzburg, 19th century

Hlubi kingsEdit

Below is a traditional estimation of the Hlubi kings that ruled from 1300 till the present day.[1] Note that Hlubi history comes mainly from oral sources and especially the earlier estimated dates may be inaccurate.[2]

King Reign
Chibi 1300–1325
Lubelo 1325–1350
Busobengwe (Bhungane I) 1350–1370
Fulathel’ilanga 1370–1390
Bhele 1390–1410
Lufelelwenja 1410–1430
Sidwaba (Nkomo) 1430–1450
Mhuhu 1450–1475
Mpembe 1475–1500
Mhlanga 1500–1525
Musi 1525–1550
Masoka 1550–1575
Ndlovu 1575–1600
Dlamini 1600–1625
Mthimkhulu I 1625–1650
Rhadebe –1675
Dlomo I 1675–1710
Mashiya 1710–1720
Ntsele 1735–1760
Bhungane II 1760–1800
Mthimkhulu II (Ngwadlazibomvu) 1800–1818
Mpangazitha (Pakalita) 1818–1825
Mahwanqa (Regent) 1825–1839
Dlomo II and later, Mthethwa (commonly known as Langalibalele I) 1839–1889
Siyephu (Mandiza) 1897–1910
Tatazela (Mthunzi) 1926–1956
Muziwenkosi (Langalibalelle ll) 1974 –


The amaHlubi speak a dialect closely related to the Swazi language one of the Tekela languages in the Nguni branch of the Bantu language family.

The Hlubi (AmaHlubi) dialect is endangered and most Hlubi speakers are elderly and illiterate. There are attempts by Hlubi intellectuals to revive the language and make it one of the eleven recognised languages in South Africa.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Isizwe SamaHlubi: Submission to the Commission on Traditional Leadership Disputes and Claims: Draft 1" (PDF). July 2004. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  2. ^ Genealogy

Further readingEdit