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Count Hirata Tosuke (平田 東助, March 2, 1849 – April 14, 1925) was a Japanese statesman and Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan, active in the Meiji and Taishō period Empire of Japan.

Count

Hirata Tosuke
平田 東助
Hirata Tosuke (cropped).jpg
7th Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
In office
September 19, 1922 – March 30, 1925
MonarchTaishō
Preceded byMatsukata Masayoshi
Succeeded byHamao Arata
Personal details
Born(1849-03-02)March 2, 1849
Yonezawa Domain, Japan
DiedApril 14, 1925(1925-04-14) (aged 76)
Tokyo, Japan
NationalityJapanese
OccupationCabinet Minister, Legal Scholar

BiographyEdit

Hirata was born in the Yonezawa Domain, Dewa Province (currently Yamagata Prefecture) as the son of a local samurai. He was sent by the domain to Edo for studies, and subsequently fought in the Boshin War on the side of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei. After the Meiji Restoration, was ordered by the domain to go to Tokyo and study at the Daigaku Nankō (predecessor of Tokyo Imperial University). After graduating, he was a student member of the Iwakura Mission of 1871 along with Makino Nobuaki. He later stayed in Germany to study at Heidelberg University (where he studied politics and international law) and Leipzig University (where he studied commercial law). He is the first Japanese with a doctorate degree.

Hirata returned to Japan in 1876 and served in a number of posts in the new Meiji government's Ministry of Finance, and later became Documentation Bureau Director of the Grand Council (Daijō-kan) and Legislation Bureau Director. In 1890, he was selected as a member of the House of Peers of the new Diet of Japan by Imperial command.

He successively held important posts including chief secretary of the Privy Council, director-general of the Legislation Bureau, Agriculture and Commerce Minister in the first Katsura cabinet, Home Minister in the second Katsura cabinet, provisionary Diplomatic Investigation Board member, and Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan.

Hirata was also very active in the movement of local agricultural reforms, an industrial cooperative program, and poverty relief projects, striving to protect the local country people against the inflationary economy after the Russo-Japanese War and World War I.

Family treeEdit

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matsushita Uemon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yasuda Koichiro
 
Toku Eda
 
Mastsushita Kusunoki
 
Hirata Tosuke
 
 
 
Maeda Toshiaki
 
 
 
 
 
Mitsui Takamine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tetsujiro Nakao
 
Yasue
 
Jun Iue
 
Yurou Iue
 
Toshio Iue
 
Mumeno
 
Konosuke Matsushita
 
 
 
Eiji Hirata
 
Shizuko
 
Maeda Toshisada
 
Keiko
 
Mitsui Hachirōemon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Satoshi Iue
 
 
 
Matsushita Sachiko
 
Masaharu Matsushita
 
 
 
 
 
Hirata Katsumi
 
 
 
 
 
Nobuko
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Iue Toshimasa
 
 
 
Hiro Matsushita
 
Masayuki Matsushita
(松下正幸
 
Atsuko
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ReferencesEdit

  • Bix, Herbert P. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. Harper Perennial (2001). ISBN 0-06-093130-2
  • Duus, Peter. The Abacus and the Sword: The Japanese Penetration of Korea, 1895-1910 (Twentieth-Century Japan - the Emergence of a World Power, 4). University of California Press (1998). ISBN 0-520-21361-0.
  • Sims, Richard. Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation 1868-2000. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23915-7
Political offices
Preceded by
Hayashi Yūzō
Minister of Agriculture & Commerce
June 1901 – Jul 1903
Succeeded by
Kiyoura Keigo
Preceded by
Hara Takashi
Home Minister
July 1908 – February 1911
Succeeded by
Hara Takashi
Preceded by
Matsukata Masayoshi
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
September 1922 – May 1925
Succeeded by
Hamao Arata