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Himni i Flamurit (English: Hymn of the Flag) is the national anthem of Albania. The music of the anthem was adapted from an original composition by the Romanian composer Ciprian Porumbescu, for the song "Pe-al nostru steag e scris Unire" (or "E scris pe tricolor unire").[1] The words were written by the Albanian poet Asdreni (Aleksandër Stavre Drenova), and are close to the original Romanian lyrics which Andrei Bârseanu wrote for Porumbescu's piece.

Betimi mbi flamur
English: Hymn of the Flag
Flag of Albania.svg

National anthem of  Albania
Lyrics Asdreni, 1912
Music Ciprian Porumbescu
Adopted 1912
Audio sample
Hymni i Flamurit (instrument)



The hymn was first published as a poem in Liri e Shqipërisë (in English: Freedom of Albania), an Albanian newspaper in Sofia, Bulgaria, on April 21, 1912. The original title of the poem was "Betimi mi flamur," ("The Pledge on the Flag").[2] It was later printed in a volume of poems by Drenova titled Ëndra e lotë (in English: Dreams and tears), which was published in Bucharest. According to Lasgush Poradeci's memoirs, the anthem, created by the adaptation of the text to the music, was not originally intended to be a national anthem, yet, it was so much liked from people that it was proclaimed as the national anthem in 1912, and it was under its music that the Albanian flag was raised during the Albanian Proclamation of Independence in 1912 in Vlore, Albania.[2]


A Hungarian musicologist, György Ligeti, opinionated that the music composed by Porumbescu is rooted in Germanic and Austrian musical traditions, though not a definitive groundbreaking explanation of its influence and later creation. It is a view based on Porumbescu's musical formation, since he had studied at the University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna. The view has been shared by Albanian musicologist, Ramadan Sokoli.[2]

Lyrics and translationEdit

There are two versions of the anthem: a long and a short one. Below is the text for the long version. The second stanza is considered as refrain and is repeated at the end. The short version makes use of the first two stanzas only and repeats the last two verses of the 2nd stanza. Usually, in sportive events among national teams, the short version is the one officially used. (The original poem has three more stanzas that are not part of the anthem – which are added at the end.)

Albanian lyrics Translation
First stanza

Rreth flamurit të përbashkuar
Me një dëshir' e një qëllim,
Të gjith' atij duke u betuar
Të lidhim besën për shpëtim.

Around our flag we stand united,
With one wish and one goal,
A sacred oath we bestow upon it
Proclaiming loyalty for our salvation.

Second stanza

Prej lufte veç ai largohet
Që është lindur tradhëtor,
Kush është burrë nuk friksohet,
Por vdes, por vdes si një Dëshmor!

From war abstains only he,
Who a traitor is born,
He who is a true man is not frightened,
But dies a warrior to the cause.

Third stanza (usually sung)

Në dorë armët do t'i mbajmë,
Të mbrojmë atdheun në çdo kënd,
Të drejtat tona ne s'i ndajmë;
Këtu armiqtë s'kanë vënd!

With weapons in our hands a-brandished,
We will defend our fatherland,
Our sacred rights we’ll not relinquish,
The foe has no place in our land.

Fourth stanza (usually sung)

Se Zoti vetë e tha me gojë
Që kombe shuhen përmbi dhe,
Po Shqipëria do të rrojë;
Për të, për të luftojmë ne!

For God himself proclaimed:
The nations of the earth shall wane,
And yet will live, will thrive Albania.
For you, for you we fight.

Fifth stanza (not sung)

O Flamur, flamur, shenj' e shenjtë
tek ti betohemi këtu
për Shqipërinë, atdheun e shtrenjtë,
për nder' edhe lavdimn e tu.

O Flag, flag, you sacred symbol
upon you we now swear
for Albania, our dear fatherland
for honour and your glory

Sixth stanza (not sung)

Trim burrë quhet dhe nderohet
atdheut kush iu bë therror.
Përjetë ai do të kujtohet
mbi dhe, nën dhe si një shenjtor!

Brave man is named and honoured
the one who sacrificed himself for the fatherland
Forever he will be remembered
on earth and under as a saint!

Proposed anthem of RomaniaEdit

During the Socialist Republic of Romania era, Ceaușescu proposed the anthem, E scris pe tricolor unire (Unity Is Written On The Tricolour), as the anthem of Romania. The lyrics proposed were highly communist, and therefore was rejected.[3]


Romanian English
E scris pe tricolor unire

Pe roṣul steag liberator

Prin luptă sub a lor umbrire

Spre comunism urcăm în zbor

Unity is written on the tricolour

On liberator’s red flag

Through battles beneath their shade

To communism we climb in flight

Acel ce-n luptă grea se teme

Nu stă între învingători

Iar noi, uniţi în orice vreme

Am fost, vom fi biruitori (2x)

He who grows afraid in battle

Is not among the conquerors

But we, united in all weather

Have been and shall be victorious (2x)

Viteji, străbunii apărară

Pe dragul românesc meleag

Noi nu aflăm duṣmani ǐn ţară

Primind prietenii cu drag

Bravely, our ancestors defended

The dear Romanian land

In our country, we have no enemies

We accept our friends with love

În cartea Comunistă scrie

Că asuprirea va pieri

Prin noi, iubita Românie

Mereu, în veci va înflori (2x)

In the communist book it is written

Exploitation shall reach its end

Through us, beloved Romania

Will flourish in eternity (2x)

Stăpân pe-al său destin, poporul

De viaţă dreaptă făurar

Clădeṣte falnic viitorul

Urmând partidul unitar

Masters of their destiny, the people

Are forging a correct life

Building a glorious future

Following the uniting party

Tu, Românie socialistă

În lume, mândră vei sui

În era nouă comunistă

Etern, etern vei dăinui (2x)

You, socialist Romania

In the world, shall proudly climb

In the new communist era

Eternally you shall thrive (2x)


  1. ^ "Himni kombëtar". 2009-10-26. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved 2013-03-25. 
  2. ^ a b c Tole, Vasil. "Edhe një herë rreth himnit tonë kombëtar". Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Imnurile de stat ale tarilor din Uniunea Europeana [State hymns of countries in the European Union] (in Romanian). Cristian Petru Bălan. 

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