Lieutenant-General Sir Hildebrand Oakes, 1st Baronet, GCB (19 January 1754 – 9 September 1822) was a British Army officer.


Hildebrand Oakes
Sir Hildebrand Oakes
Born19 January 1754 (1754-01-19)
Exeter, Devon
Died9 September 1822 (1822-09-10) (aged 68)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service1767–1822
RankLieutenant General
Commands heldMalta garrison
Battles/warsAmerican War of Independence
Egyptian Campaign
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Military career edit

Oakes was commissioned into the 33rd Regiment of Foot in 1767 and served in the American War of Independence under Lord Cornwallis.[1] He became deputy quartermaster-general in Corsica in May 1794, quartermaster-general in the Mediterranean in June 1794 and quartermaster-general in Portugal in December 1796.[1] He served in the Egyptian Campaign in 1800 as second-in-command under Sir John Moore.[1] He went on to be brigadier-general at Malta in October 1802, Lieutenant-Governor of Portsmouth and General Officer Commanding South-West District in November 1804[2] and a commissioner of military inquiry in June 1805.[1] After that he became quartermaster-general in the Mediterranean in July 1806, commander of the Malta garrison in March 1808 and Civil Commissioner of Malta in May 1810.[1]

In his final months as Civil Commissioner of Malta, Oakes was responsible for dealing with a plague epidemic that devastated the islands. Prior to the outbreak of the disease, Oakes had already expressed his wish to resign the post on the grounds of his own poor health. He took measures to contain the epidemic, and by the time he left office on 5 October 1813 the epidemic had begun to subside. He was the last person to hold the office of Civil Commissioner, since his successor Thomas Maitland was given the title of Governor of Malta (a post which had been offered to Oakes but which he had declined).[3]

He was appointed Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance in January 1814 and died in office in that post.[1]

Oakes was also colonel of the 52nd Regiment of Foot.[4]

Family edit

On 18 June 1818, Oakes' daughter Antonia married Edward Wildman (1789-1846), the younger brother of Colonel Thomas Wildman.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ "No. 15752". The London Gazette. 6 November 1804. p. 1367.
  3. ^ Grech, Chris (27 October 2013). "Sir Hildebrand Oakes' resignation as Governor of Malta in 1813". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
  4. ^ Debrett's Baronetage of England
  5. ^ Dalton, Charles (1904). The Waterloo roll call. With biographical notes and anecdotes. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. p. 67.
Political offices
Preceded by Civil Commissioner of Malta
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by GOC South-West District
Succeeded by
Preceded by Colonel of the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance
Succeeded by
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of the Army)
(of Hereford)
Succeeded by
Preceded by  
Oakes baronets
of the Army

2 November 1813
Succeeded by