Hilda Ram, the pen name of Maria Mathilda Ramboux (31 October 1858 – 12 July 1901) was a Flemish writer. She was active in the Flemish Movement and the Catholic feminist movement.[1][2][3]

Mathilda Ramboux
Ram Hilda (Mathilda Ramboux).jpg
BornMaria Mathilda Ramboux
(1858-10-31)31 October 1858
Antwerp, Belgium
Died12 July 1901(1901-07-12) (aged 42)
Antwerp, Belgium
Pen nameHilda Ram
Genrepoetry, short story

She was born in Antwerp. She studied at the normal school in Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-Waver and subsequently spent a year in England learning English. On her return to Belgium, she taught for a time but was more interested in writing than teaching.[1]

Her first collection of poetry Een Klaverken uit ’s Levens Akker was published in 1884. Her 1890 collection of poems Gedichten was awarded the Staatsprijs voor Poezie.[1]

In 1885, she met Marie-Elisabeth Belpaire; together, they published Wonderland, a series of collections of short stories and fairy tales. In 1897, together they established the Extension universitaire pour les femmes, a set of university-level courses for women. In 1899, they established the Constance-Teichmannkring ("Constance Teichmann [nl] circle"), with the aim of promoting the use of Flemish and bettering children's literature. They also established the literary magazine Dietsche Warande and Het Belfort[ and she served on its first editorial committee.[1][4][2]

She wrote the libretto for Edgar Tinel's opera Godelieve [nl].[1]

She was named a Knight in the Order of Leopold.[3]

She died from cancer in Antwerp at the age of 42.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Gubin, Eliane (2006). Dictionnaire des femmes belges: XIXe et XXe siècles (in French). pp. 478–79. ISBN 2873864346.
  2. ^ a b de Maeyer, Jan; Ewers, Hans-Heino; Ghesquiere, Rita (2005). Religion, Children's Literature, and Modernity in Western Europe, 1750-2000. p. 62. ISBN 9058674975.
  3. ^ a b "Hilda Ram". Nederlandse Poëzie Encyclopedie (in Dutch).
  4. ^ "Ram, Hilda". Schrijversgewijs (in Dutch).