Herwer was an ancient Egyptian town in the 16th nome (Oryx nome) in Upper Egypt. It is mentioned in several ancient inscriptions dating from the Old, Middle and New Kingdom. The main deities of the place were Khnum and Heqet, both several times called lord or lady of Herwer. Perhaps in the Middle Kingdom, the place became capital of the 16th Upper Egyptian nome. The local governor Amenemhat of that nome was indeed overseer of the priests of Khnum of Herwer. The place is often mentioned in the tombs of Beni Hasan.[1]

Herwer
Town
CountryEgypt
NomeOryx nome
D2G36
D21
O49
or
D2D21
O49
ḥr wr[2]
Era: Old Kingdom
(2686–2181 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs
D2G36
D21
M17 M17 X1
O49
ḥr wrjt[2][3]
Era: Middle Kingdom
(2055–1650 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs
D2
Z1
G36
D21
O49
ḥr wr[2]
Era: New Kingdom
(1550–1069 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs


The localisation of Herwer remains problematic. Yet however in the Onomasticon of Amenemope and in the Turin Papyrus 118.11, Herwer is referred to as north of Hermopolis, which excludes an identification with Antinoöpolis. Certainly, however, the place was on the west side of the Nile in the 16th Upper Egyptian nome as in the inscriptions in Beni Hasan, suggesting Herwer is identical with modern village of Hur (Coptic: Ϩⲟⲩⲱⲣ) situated 11 km (6.8 mi) northwest of Hermopolis Magna.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Farouk Gomaa: Die Besiedlung Ägyptens während des Mittleren Reiches, 1. Oberägypten und das Fayyum. Reichert, Wiesbaden 1986, ISBN 3-88226-279-6, pp. 312-15
  2. ^ a b c Gauthier, Henri (1927). Dictionnaire des Noms Géographiques Contenus dans les Textes Hiéroglyphiques Vol. 4. p. 37.
  3. ^ Wallis Budge, E. A. (1920). An Egyptian hieroglyphic dictionary: with an index of English words, king list and geological list with indexes, list of hieroglyphic characters, coptic and semitic alphabets, etc. Vol II. John Murray. p. 1022.
  4. ^ Farouk Gomaa: Die Besiedlung Ägyptens während des Mittleren Reiches, 1. Oberägypten und das Fayyum. Reichert, Wiesbaden 1986, ISBN 3-88226-279-6, p. 314