Hernando Siles Reyes

Hernando Siles Reyes (5 August 1882 – 23 November 1942) was a Bolivian politician who served as the 31st President of Bolivia from 1926 to 1930. The founder of the Nationalist Party, he soon gravitated toward the Saavedrista faction of the Republican Party, which had come to power in 1920. Chosen by President Saavedra to be his successor in 1926, Siles ran on a ticket that included the latter's brother, Abdon Saavedra, as his vice-presidential running mate. This formula won the elections, and Siles Reyes was sworn in August, 1926. Soon, he came to be regarded as one of the most charismatic Bolivian politicians in recent memory, especially when he broke openly with the domineering ex-President Bautista Saavedra, and exiled him along with his brother (hitherto Siles's own Vice-President). Despite all this, the Siles government soon ran into economic and political difficulties associated with the far-reaching effects of the "crash" of 1929. Moreover, his term was marked by rising diplomatic tensions with neighboring Paraguay which would later lead to the Chaco War. Many more opponents were exiled, giving Siles some breathing room, but matters reached a breaking point when, in 1930, the President attempted to unilaterally increase his term in office, ostensibly to deal with the mounting economic and international crisis. This was all his opponents needed, and with a coup d'état clearly in the offing, Siles resigned on May 28, 1930, leaving his cabinet in charge. The latter was overthrown by General Carlos Blanco, who in 1931 called elections which were won by Daniel Salamanca of the Partido Republicano-Genuino. Siles lived the rest of his life in exile, dying in Lima in 1942 at the age of 60.

Hernando Siles Reyes
Hernando Siles Reyes - 3.jpg
Official photograph by Luigi Domenico Gismondi, c. 1926
31st President of Bolivia
In office
10 January 1926 – 28 May 1930
Vice PresidentAbdón Saavedra
Preceded byFelipe Segundo Guzmán (interim)
Succeeded byCarlos Blanco Galindo (interim)
Other offices
Minister of War and Colonization
In office
27 June 1922 – 23 January 1923
PresidentBautista Saavedra
Preceded byPastor Baldivieso
Succeeded byHans Kundt
Minister of Instructions and Agriculture
In office
9 January 1922 – 27 June 1922
PresidentBautista Saavedra
Preceded byRicardo Jaimes Freyre
Succeeded byFelipe Segundo Guzmán
Personal details
Born(1882-08-05)5 August 1882
Sucre, Bolivia
Died23 November 1942(1942-11-23) (aged 60)
Lima, Peru
Political partyNationalist (from 1926)
Socialist Republican (1921–1926)
Spouse(s)Luisa Salinas Vega
Children
ParentsAdolfo Siles
Remedios Leyes
EducationUniversity of Saint Francis Xavier
Signature

Hernando Siles' older son, Hernán Siles Zuazo, became himself Constitutional President of Bolivia, ruling from 1956 to 1960, and again from 1982 to 1985. His younger son Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas was acting President of Bolivia for a few months in 1969.

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