Herman III, Margrave of Baden

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Hermann III of Baden (c. 1105 – 16 January 1160), nicknamed the Great, was Margrave of Verona and Baden.

Hermann III of Baden
Coat of arms of Baden.svg
Margraviate of Baden
Reign1130 – 1160
PredecessorHermann II of Baden
SuccessorHermann IV of Baden
Born1105
Died(1160-01-16)16 January 1160
Noble familyHouse of Zähringen
Spouse(s)Bertha von Lothringen
Maria of Bohemia
Issue
FatherHermann II of Baden[1]
MotherJudith von Hohenberg

He was the son of Hermann II of Baden[1] and Judith von Hohenberg. He was ruler of the margraviate of Baden from 1130 until 1160.

Faithfully devoted to the Staufens, Hermann III came in conflict with his relatives from Zähringen-Swabia. In 1140 he participated in the siege of Weibtreu castle, and received the bailiwick of Selz in Alsace.

In 1151 the margravate of Verona was taken from Ottokar III of Styria and conferred on Hermann III. A deed of donation exists from 1153, that states Frederick I bought Castle Besigheim from Hermann III.

Hermann III fought in the first Italian campaign of Emperor Frederick I, and gained the title margrave of Verona.[2]

Hermann III took part in the Second Crusade.[3]

Marriage and childrenEdit

He married Bertha von Lothringen (d. after 1162), in 1134; she was the daughter of Simon I, Duke of Lorraine, and his wife Adelaide of Leuven. He had the following children:

  • Hermann IV (d. September 13, 1190)[4]
  • Gertrud (d. before 1225) who married in 1180 Graf Albrecht von Dagsburg (d. 1211)

Secondly, he married Maria of Bohemia after 1141. She was the daughter of Duke Sobeslav I of Bohemia.

Hermann III was buried in the Augustine Monastery in Backnang.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Loud & Schenk 2017, p. xxxv.
  2. ^ Arnold 1991, p. 124.
  3. ^ Berry 1969, p. 506.
  4. ^ Freed 2016, p. 98.

SourcesEdit

  • Arnold, Benjamin (1991). Princes and Territories in Medieval Germany. Cambridge University Press.
  • Berry, Virginia G. (1969). "The Second Crusade". In Baldwin, Marshall W. (ed.). A History of the Crusade. The University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Freed, John B. (2016). Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth. Yale University Press.
  • Loud, Graham A.; Schenk, Jochen, eds. (2017). The Origins of the German Principalities, 1100-1350: Essays by German Historians. Routledge.
Preceded by
Hermann II of Baden
Margrave of Baden
1130–1160
Succeeded by
Hermann IV of Baden