Herbert Arthur "Bert" Dargue (November 17, 1886 – December 12, 1941) was a career officer in the United States Army, reaching the rank of major general in the Army Air Forces. He was a pioneer military aviator and one of the first ten recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Herbert Arthur Dargue
|Born||November 17, 1886|
Brooklyn, New York
|Died||December 12, 1941 (aged 55)|
near Sierra Nevada mountains
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1907-1941|
|Commands held||19th Composite Wing|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
Distinguished Flying Cross
Dargue was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1886 and entered the United States Military Academy on June 15, 1907. He graduated on June 13, 1911 and was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant in the Coast Artillery Corps. In March 1913, while stationed in the Philippines, he was trained to fly by 1st Lt. Frank Purdy Lahm, and was detailed to the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps on July 23, 1914, as the sole rated pilot in the Philippines. On December 16, 1914, he flew a Burgess Model I seaplane with 1st Lt. Joseph O. Mauborgne of the Signal Corps as his radio operator, making the first two-way communication by radio telegraphy between a ground station and an airplane in flight. The next month he crashed his airplane into San Jose Bay off Corregidor, temporarily ending aviation in the Philippines, and was sent back to the Signal Corps Aviation School at North Field, San Diego, California. From March to July 1916, he was a member of the 1st Aero Squadron when it supported the Pancho Villa Expedition in Mexico.
From December 21, 1926 to May 2, 1927, Dargue led the U.S. Army Pan American Flight, a public relations goodwill mission to promote U.S. aviation in South America. Flying five Loening OA-1A seaplanes, each named for an American city, Dargue, Capt. Ira Clarence Eaker, and eight other Army aviators traveled 22,000 miles (35,200 km) in 59 flight days, stopping at 72 cities along the route. The ten airmen, two of whom died in an accident on February 26, 1927, during the mission, were awarded certificates for first awards of the newly created Distinguished Flying Cross.
From 1938 to 1940, he commanded the 19th Composite Wing in the Panama Canal Zone. He returned to the United States in 1940 to become Assistant Chief of the Army Air Corps. The following year, he took command of the First Air Force.
In the aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Henry Stimson chose Dargue to lead the investigation of why the United States had been unprepared for the attack, and placed him in command of the US Army units there. However, while flying from Mitchel Field to Hawaii to take his new post, Dargue's B-18 crashed in the Sierra Nevada mountains, outside Bishop, California, and he was killed. The wreckage of the plane was not found for five months. Dargue was the first Army General to die on duty during World War II.
Dargue's son Donald Dargue was likewise a military aviator, piloting a B-17 bomber over Germany and eventually becoming part of Strategic Air Command; similarly, his grandson Herb Dargue flew helicopters for the United States Army during the Vietnam War and the Iraq War.
- Golden Legacy, Boundless Future: Essays on the United States Air Force and the Rise of Aerospace Power, edited by Rebecca H. Cameron and Barbara Wittig, at the Defense Technical Information Center; published 2000 via the Air Force History and Museums Program (p. 36)
- Herbert A. Dargue, by Henry H. Arnold, at the West Point Association of Graduates; written no later than January 15, 1950; archived online no later than March 4, 2016; retrieved April 2, 2017
- The Greatest Gift, by John L. Frisbee, in Air Force Magazine; published September 1985
- Air Warfare: An International Encyclopedia, Volume 1, by Walter J. Boyne, published 2002 by ABC-CLIO; via Google Books
- General Herbert Dargue, Air Expert, Missing Six Days In Hawaiian Flight, in the Cornell Daily Sun; Volume 62, Number 74, 19 December 1941; archived at Cornell University
- "Valor awards for Herbert Arthur Dargue ; Military Times Hall of Valor". Militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2017-04-02.
- Army aviator ends 43-year career, by Eric Durr, in the Mountaineer Online (official newspaper of Fort Drum); published April 8, 2010; retrieved April 2, 2017