Henry of Bath

Henry de Bada (or Henry de Bathonia) (died November 1260) was an English judge and administrator.

Henry of Bath
4th Lord Chief Justice of England
In office
1249–1251
MonarchHenry III
ChancellorSir John Lexington (1249-1250)
William of Kilkenny (1250-1251)
(as Lord Keepers of the Great Seal)
Preceded byWilliam of York
Succeeded bySir Gilbert of Seagrave
6th Lord Chief Justice of England
In office
1253–1260
MonarchHenry III
Prime MinisterHugh Bigod (1258-1260)
(as Chief Justiciar)
ChancellorWilliam of Kilkenny (1253-1255)
(as Lord Keeper of the Great Seal)
Henry Wingham
Preceded bySir Gilbert of Seagrave
Succeeded bySir William of Wilton
7th Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
In office
1245–1249
MonarchHenry III
ChancellorSilvester de Everdon (1245-1246)
John Maunsell (1246-1246, 1248-1249)
Sir John Lexington (1247-1248)
(as Lord Keepers of the Great Seal)
Preceded byRobert of Lexinton
Succeeded byRoger of Thirkleby
9th Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
In office
1256–1258
MonarchHenry III
Prime MinisterHugh Bigod (1258) (as Chief Justiciar)
ChancellorHenry Wingham
Preceded byRoger of Thirkleby
Succeeded byRoger of Thirkleby
24th High Sheriff of Gloucestershire
In office
1232–1234
MonarchHenry III
Prime MinisterStephen de Segrave (as Chief Justiciar)
ChancellorRalph Neville
Preceded byWilliam Putot
Succeeded byWilliam Talbot
31st High Sheriff of Northamptonshire
In office
1235–1239
Serving with Peter de Maulay
MonarchHenry III
ChancellorRalph Neville
Preceded byStephen de Segne
William de Maravast
Succeeded byWilliam de Coleworth
5th High Sheriff of Sussex and Surrey
In office
1235–1236
Serving with Simon de Echingham
and
Joel de Sancto Germano
MonarchHenry III
ChancellorRalph Neville
Preceded bySimon de Echingham
Joel de Sancto Germano
Succeeded byJohn de Gatesden
Philip de Crofts
43rd High Sheriff of Yorkshire
In office
1242–1246
MonarchHenry III
ChancellorRalph Neville (1242-1244)
Silvester de Everdon (1244-1246) (as Lord Keeper of the Great Seal)
Preceded byNicholas de Moels
Succeeded byAdam de Neirford
Personal details
BornUnknown
Diedca. 1260
NationalityEnglish

LifeEdit

He began his career under his relative Hugh of Bath, who died in 1236, leaving his chattels to Henry. Henry started his administrative career as a bailiff for the Honour of Berkhamsted in 1221, succeeding Hugh as Under-Sheriff of Berkshire from 1228 to 1229. This is the last record of his career under Hugh; from then on he was entirely independent. From 1229 to 1232 he served as Under-Sheriff for Hampshire and as High Sheriff of Gloucestershire from 1232 to 1234, a time when the county was the main base for the Marcher Wars of 1233-1234. He served as High Sheriff as an agent of Peter de Rivaux, and as such required a pardon after Peters fall from grace in 1234, Peter and his close associates having been declared traitors.

CareerEdit

Immediately after the pardon, however, he became High Sheriff of Northamptonshire, and remained in that position until 1240 other than a two-month period as both High Sheriff of Surrey and of Sussex in 1236.[1] In 1238 he became a junior justice of the bench in Westminster, continuing to administrate Northamptonshire through deputies. Between 1240 and 1241 he worked on the Eyre Circuit for William of York as the second-most senior justice, holding an Eyre in Hampshire in 1241 in which he was the senior judge.

In 1241 he went on a mission to Ireland, and on his return served for two terms as a justice Coram Rege (in the presence of the King) until 1242. After Henry III left for his trip to Gascony in 1242 he was made High Sheriff of Yorkshire, a position he held until 1248 (although it was administrated by his deputies from 1245 onwards). In 1245 he became Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas. From 1247 to 1249 he acted as the senior justice for an Eyre circuit, during which period the Court of Common Pleas did not sit. In 1249 he was again promoted, leaving his position of Chief Justice, and received a salary of over £100 a year. Between 1250 and 1251 he was senior justice for another Eyre circuit, at which point he was accused of deliberately perverting the course of justice, for which his judicial position was taken, he was stripped of his position as Keeper of Gloucester Castle and he was fined 2000 marks, part of which was still unpaid when he died.

Henry came back into royal favour in 1253, shortly before another of Henry's trips to Gascony, and was made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas yet again in 1256, serving until 1258 and dying in November 1260.

ReferencesEdit

Legal offices
Preceded by
William of York
Lord Chief Justice of England
1253-1260
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert of Seagrave
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert of Seagrave
Lord Chief Justice of England
1253-1260
Succeeded by
Sir William of Wilton
Preceded by Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1245–1249
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1256–1258
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by
William Putot
High Sheriff of Gloucestershire
1232–1234
Succeeded by
William Talbot
Preceded by
Stephen de Segne
William de Maravast
High Sheriff of Northamptonshire
jointly with Peter de Maulay

1235-1239
Succeeded by
William de Coleworth
Preceded by
Simon de Echingham
Joel de Sancto Germano
High Sheriff of Sussex and Surrey
jointly with Simon de Echingham
and
Joel de Sancto Germano

1235-1236
Succeeded by
John de Gatesden
Philip de Crofts
Preceded by High Sheriff of Yorkshire
1242–1246
Succeeded by
Adam de Neirford