Henry V, Count of Luxembourg

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Henry V the Blondell (1216 – 24 December 1281), called the Great, was the count of Arlon from 1226 to his death, lord of Ligny from 1240 to his death, count of Luxembourg and Laroche from 1247 to his death, and the count of Namur between 1256 and 1264 as Henry III. He was the son and successor of Waleran III of Limburg and Ermesinda of Luxembourg.[1]

Henry V of Luxembourg
Henry Le Blond.jpg
Henry V, Count of Luxembourg
Noble familyLuxembourg-Limburg

In 1226, following the death of his father Waleran III, Henry inherited the county of Arlon.

In 1240 Henry married Margaret,[1] daughter of Henry II of Bar and Philippa of Dreux. Henry's marriage to Margaret brought him Ligny-en-Barrois as her dowry,[1] though, by a clause in the marriage contract, it remained under the feudal suzerainty of the County of Bar. In contempt of this, Henry paid homage in 1256 to King Theobald II of Navarre in the latter's capacity as Count of Champagne. Henry's brother-in-law Count Theobald II of Bar took advantage of the conflict then raging between Duke Frederick III of Lorraine and the bishops of Metz. Henry V was a partisan of the duke and so Theobald took the side of the bishop. Henry was captured in battle at Prény on 14 September 1266.[2] On 8 September 1268, King Louis IX of France arbitrated between the two counts and Henry was freed and repossessed of Ligny, but under the suzerainty of the Barrois.[3]

Henry inherited Luxembourg and Laroche following the death of his mother, Ermesinde, in 1247.[4] In 1256, Henry seized Namur while the reigning margrave, Baldwin II, was also reigning emperor in Constantinople. Baldwin sold his rights to Namur to Guy, Count of Flanders, who retook the margraviate from Henry. The two parties made peace and Guy married Henry's daughter, Isabelle.

Upon receiving 15,000 tournois from the Pope, Henry joined Edward of England on the Ninth Crusade.[5] He returned with his remaining retainers after the crusaders achieved a truce with the Mamluk Sultanate.[5]

IssueEdit

From Margaret he had the following issue:

He also had at least two illegitimate sons,[6] including:

  • Henry, bastard of Luxembourg (died 1288),[6] married Isabelle of Houffalize, heiress of Houffalize
  • Baldwin[6]

All of his sons perished in the Battle of Worringen in 1288.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Gade 1951, p. 96.
  2. ^ Gade 1951, p. 98.
  3. ^ Gade 1951, p. 99.
  4. ^ Jackson-Laufer 1999, p. 139.
  5. ^ a b Gade 1951, p. 100.
  6. ^ a b c d Gade 1951, p. 102.
  7. ^ Verbruggen 2002, p. 8.
  8. ^ Arblaster 2012, p. 81.

ReferencesEdit

  • Arblaster, Paul (2012). A History of the Low Countries. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Gade, John A. (1951). Luxemburg in the Middle Ages. E.J. Brill.
  • Jackson-Laufer, Guida Myrl (1999). Women Rulers Throughout the Ages: An Illustrated Guide. ABC-CLIO.
  • Verbruggen, J. F. (2002). DeVries, Kelly (ed.). The Battle of the Golden Spurs (Courtrai, 11 July 1302). Translated by Ferguson, David Richard. Boydell Press.
Henry V, Count of Luxembourg
Born: 1216 Died: 24 December 1281
Preceded by
Count of Laroche
1247–1281
Succeeded by
Count of Luxembourg
1247–1281
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Count of Arlon
1226–1281
Preceded by
Count of Namur
1256–1264
Succeeded by