Sir Henry Spelman (c. 1562 – October 1641) was an English antiquary, noted for his detailed collections of medieval records, in particular of church councils.
Spelman was born in Congham, Norfolk, the eldest son of Henry Spelman (d. 1581), of Congham, and the grandson of Sir John Spelman (1495–1544). He graduated from at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1583.
He sat in parliament as member for Castle Rising in 1593 and 1597–98. Knighted in 1603, he was appointed High Sheriff of Norfolk in 1604. In 1612, he settled in London near his friend Sir Robert Bruce Cotton. In 1617, he served on a commission to inquire into disputed Irish estates, and later took part into legal inquiries into the exactions levied on behalf of the Crown in the civil and ecclesiastical courts. Henry Spelman continued to rise in prestige served as a member of the Parliament of England for Worcester in 1625. In 1627, he became treasurer of the Guiana Company, and he was also an energetic member of the council for New England. His general services to the state were recognized in 1636 by a gift of money and two years later by the offer of the mastership of Sutton's Hospital, Charterhouse.
He died in London in October 1641, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
His nephew, also named Henry Spelman, became a notable translator in America.
His works include Concilia Ecclesiastica Orbis Britannici (1639) (a work containing many forgeries) and Glossarium Archaiologicum (completed by William Dugdale). His Reliquiae Spelmannianae was edited by Edmund Gibson in 1698.
- "Spelman, Henry (SPLN580H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- W R Williams Parliamentary History of the County of Worcester
- Coates, Ben (2010), "Spelman, Sir Henry (c.1564-1641), of the Barbican, London and Congham, Norf.", in Andrew Thrush and John P. Ferris, The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629, Cambridge University Press, retrieved 22 February 2018CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)
- Parish Registers, Sedgeford, Norfolk
- H. Spelman (ed.), Concilia, Decreta, Leges, Constitutiones in Re Ecclesiarum Orbis Britannici, 3 vols (Typis R. Badger, Impensis Ph. Stephani & Ch. Meredith, London 1639). Volume 1 digitized
- "Myths of the Early British Church". Fakes, Lies, and Forgeries: Rare Books and Manuscripts from the Arthur and Janet Freeman Bibliotheca Fictiva Collection. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Libraries. 2014. Retrieved 2017-09-06.