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Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Baron FitzHugh

Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Baron FitzHugh KG (c. 1363 – 11 January 1425) of Ravensworth Castle in North Yorkshire, was an administrator and diplomat who served under Kings Henry IV and Henry V.

Henry FitzHugh
FitzHughArms.png
Arms of FitzHugh: Azure, three chevrons interlaced in base or a chief of the last
Chamberlain of the Household
Baron FitzHugh
In office
1413–1425
MonarchHenry V
Henry VI
Preceded byThe Lord Grey of Codnor
Succeeded byThe Lord Cromwell
Treasurer of England
In office
1416–1421
MonarchHenry V
Preceded bySir Robert Leche
Succeeded byWilliam Kinwolmarsh
Personal details
Bornc. 1363
Died(1425-01-14)14 January 1425
Resting placeJervaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England
NationalityEnglish
OccupationAdministrator and diplomat

Contents

OriginsEdit

FitzHugh was the first son of Hugh FitzHugh, 2nd Baron FitzHugh (A descendant of Akarius Fitz Bardolph,[1]), by his wife Joan Scrope, daughter of Henry Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham.

Royal serviceEdit

He was summoned by writ to parliament in 1388, and became active in public affairs following the succession of Henry IV to the throne. He was engaged in Anglo-Scottish diplomacy and took part in the Battle of Humbleton Hill in 1402 and in the negotiation of the surrender of his uncle, Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York, in 1405. In 1406 he travelled to Denmark as part of the escort of Princess Philippa, daughter of King Henry IV, for her marriage to Eric of Pomerania, king of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.[2]

At the coronation of King Henry V in 1413, FitzHugh served as Lord Constable.[1] During the reign of Henry V, he served as Chamberlain of the Household (1413–1425, and into the reign of Henry VI), and as Treasurer of England (1416–1421). He participated in the Battle of Agincourt in 1415 and subsequent diplomacy with the French, which led to the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. He travelled with the king to France, and escorted the king's remains back to England following his death in 1422. He was an executor of Henry's will and was a feoffee of various lands in the will.[2]

He was appointed a Knight of the Garter in about 1409.[3]

Religious foundationsEdit

During his travels to the Scandinavian Peninsula in 1406, he visited the Bridgettine Vadstena Abbey in Sweden, where he volunteered to help establish a Bridgettine community in England, and to donate for that purpose his manor of Cherry Hinton in Cambridgeshire. The result was Syon Monastery, established by Henry V in 1415 at Twickenham, Middlesex.[2][4] He attended the Council of Constance in 1415.[2]

Marriage & progenyEdit

He married Elizabeth Grey (born c. 1363), daughter of Sir Robert de Grey (a son of John de Grey, 2nd Baron Grey de Rotherfield and his second wife the heiress Avice Marmion)[5] by his wife Lora St Quentin. In the next generation the FitzHugh family thenceforth quartered the arms of Marmion and St Quentin, as shown later in the arms of Queen Catherine Parr and later still by Herbert, Earls of Pembroke, visible in Wilton House. By his wife he had eight sons and six daughters, including:[5]

Death & burialEdit

He died on 11 January 1425 and was buried in Jervaulx Abbey in Yorkshire, as he requested.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Burke, John (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 202. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Reeves, A. C. (January 2008). "Fitzhugh, Henry, third Baron Fitzhugh (1363?–1425)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50151. Retrieved 5 June 2011. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  3. ^ "Knights of the Garter". leighrayment.com. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  4. ^ "History of the Bridgettine Order in the UK". Bridgettine Order in the UK. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j editor, Douglas Richardson ; Kimball G. Everingham,. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City, UT.: Douglas Richardson. p. 83. ISBN 9781449966348.
  6. ^ Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families, Vol II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City, UT.: Douglas Richardson. p. 27. ISBN 9781449966386.
  7. ^ Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families, Vol II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City, UT.: Douglas Richardson. p. 173. ISBN 9781449966386.
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Grey of Codnor
Chamberlain of the Household
1413–1425
Succeeded by
The Lord Cromwell
Preceded by
Sir Robert Leche
Treasurer of England
1416–1421
Succeeded by
William Kinwolmarsh
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Hugh FitzHugh
Baron FitzHugh
1386–1425
Succeeded by
William FitzHugh