Henry Carey, 1st Earl of Dover

Henry Carey, 1st Earl of Dover KB (ca. 1580 – 13 April 1666) of Hunsdon, Hertfordshire was an English peer and Member of Parliament.

Life edit

Carey was the son of John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon. Cambridge University awarded him an honorary MA in 1607.[1] He was knighted, as a Knight of the Bath (KB), on 3 June 1610.

He was elected MP for Sussex in 1609 and Hertfordshire in 1614.[2]

Carey succeeded as 4th Baron Hunsdon on 17 April 1617. On 6 July 1621 he was created Viscount Rochford, a title previously held by his great-great-grandfather Thomas Boleyn, and on 8 March 1628 was created Earl of Dover. He acted as Speaker of the House of Lords in 1641, and was Colonel of the regiment of Oxford Scholars between 1644 and 1646.

In 1638, he sued a London merchant Humphrey Fox for abuse, after Fox had allegedly insulted Dover's livery, worn by a London waterman.[3]

In 1653 he was indicted for counterfeiting coinage and was obliged to sell his Hunsdon estate to William Willoughby, the future 6th Lord Willoughby of Parham

Marriages and issue edit

Lord Dover married twice. His first marriage, before 1608, was to Judith Pelham, daughter of Sir Thomas Pelham, 1st Baronet. They had four sons and four daughters:[4]

On 6 July 1630 he was married for a second time, to Mary Morris, daughter of Richard Morris and widow of William Cockayne,[5] at the church of St Peter Le Poer in London.

Death edit

Henry Carey died in 1666, and was buried at Hunsdon in Hertfordshire. He was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, John Carey, 2nd Earl of Dover.

Notes edit

  1. ^ "Carey, Henry (CRY607H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ "CAREY, Henry (c.1580-1666), of Hunsdon, Herts". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  3. ^ Cust, Richard, and Hopper, Andrew. "168 Dover v Fox The Court of Chivalry 1634–1640". British History Online. Retrieved 19 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ The Herald and genealogist, Volume 4, 1867 Google Books
  5. ^ "Cokayne, George" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

References edit

Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Dover
Succeeded by
Viscount Rochford
Preceded by Baron Hunsdon
(descended by acceleration)