Henry Clarence Dworshak, Jr. (August 29, 1894 – July 23, 1962) was a United States Senator and Congressman from Idaho. Originally from Minnesota, he was a Republican from Burley, and served over 22 years in the House and Senate.
|United States Senator|
November 6, 1946 – January 3, 1949
October 14, 1949 – July 23, 1962
|Preceded by||Charles Gossett (1946)|
Bert Miller (1949)
|Succeeded by||Bert Miller(1949)|
Len Jordan (1962)
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Idaho's 2nd district|
January 3, 1939 – November 6, 1946
|Preceded by||D. Worth Clark|
|Succeeded by||John Sanborn|
August 29, 1894
|Died||July 23, 1962 (aged 67)|
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Georgia B. Lowe Dworshak|
(m. 1917–1962, his death)
|Children||4 sons: Charles, Henry, Ward, and Calvin|
Machine Gun Battalion
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Born in Duluth, Minnesota, Dworshak attended its local public schools and learned the printer's trade. During the First World War, he served as a Sergeant in the U.S. Army Fourth Antiaircraft Machine Gun Battalion in the American Expeditionary Forces. After the war, Dworshak managed a printing supply business in Duluth.
He moved west in 1924 to Burley, Idaho, to become the publisher and editor of the Burley Bulletin, a semi-weekly newspaper in Cassia County. Dworshak became a public figure when he was elected president of the Idaho Editorial Association in 1931, and he was a prominent member of the American Legion and Rotary International. He was also a member of the Elks and a freemason.
Dworshak ran for Congress in 1936 in Idaho's 2nd district, but lost to incumbent D. Worth Clark. Two years later, Clark ran for U.S. Senator and won, and Dworshak won the open House seat in 1938 and was re-elected in 1940, 1942, and 1944.
|1936||D. Worth Clark (inc.)||67,238||60.5%||Henry Dworshak||43,834||39.5%|
|1938||Bert H. Miller||47,199||46.4%||Henry Dworshak||54,527||53.6%|
|1940||Ira Masters||61,726||46.9%||Henry Dworshak (inc.)||69,804||53.1%|
|1942||Ira Masters||37,815||45.2%||Henry Dworshak (inc.)||45,805||54.8%|
|1944||Phil J. Evans||56,249||47.7%||Henry Dworshak (inc.)||61,751||52.3%|
Republican Senator John W. Thomas died in office in November 1945, and Democratic Governor Charles C. Gossett resigned to accept an appointment (by his successor) to fill the seat. Gossett failed to secure the nomination for the special election; Dworshak defeated state senator George Donart in the November 1946 election to complete the term. Two years later, Dworshak was defeated for a full term in the 1948 general election by former state attorney general Bert H. Miller.
Miller died of a heart attack in October 1949 after only nine months in office, and Dworshak was appointed his successor by Republican Governor C. A. Robins. Dworshak won a special election in 1950, and was elected to full Senate terms in 1954 and 1960. A staunch isolationist like William Borah, Dworshak stood unwavering against overseas intervention, especially in U.S. affairs.
|1946||George Donart||74,629||41.4%||Henry Dworshak||105,523||58.6%|
|1948||Bert H. Miller||107,000||50.7%||Henry Dworshak (inc.)||103,868||49.3%|
|1950||Claude J. Burtenshaw||97,092||48.1%||Henry Dworshak (inc.^)||104,608||51.9%|
|1954||Glen Taylor||84,139||37.2%||Henry Dworshak (inc.)||142,269||62.8%|
|1960||R.L. "Bob" McLaughlin||139,448||47.7%||Henry Dworshak (inc.)||152,648||52.3%|
Source: ^Dworshak was appointed to the vacant seat in November 1946 and October 1949
Dworshak died in office of a heart attack on July 23, 1962 in Washington, D.C. and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. He was succeeded by former Governor Len B. Jordan, who served until January 1973.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- "Idaho's Dworshak claimed by death". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. July 24, 1962. p. 2.
- Witti, Fritz (July 27, 1962). "Sen. Dworshak buried at National Cemetery". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. p. 1.
- "Dworshak is selected new Idaho senator". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. October 14, 1949. p. 1.
- "Clark-Dworshak in race for Congress". Lewiston Morning Tribune. October 21, 1936. p. 8.
- "Office of the Clerk: Election statistics". U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Senator Dworshak Dies in Capital". Virgin Islands Daily News. July 26, 1962.
- "Dworshak Elementary School". Cassia County School District #151. Archived from the original on December 8, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
- United States Congress. "Henry Dworshak (id: D000585)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Henry Dworshak at Find a Grave
- Arlington Cemetery.net - Henry C. Dworshak, Jr.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
D. Worth Clark
| United States House of Representatives, Idaho Second Congressional District
January 3, 1939–November 6, 1946
John C. Sanborn
|Party political offices|
John W. Thomas
| Republican Party nominee, U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
1946 special (won), 1948 (lost), 1950 special (won), 1954 (won), 1960 (won)
Charles C. Gossett
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
November 6, 1946–January 3, 1949
Served alongside: Glen H. Taylor
Bert H. Miller
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
October 14, 1949–July 23, 1962
Served alongside: Glen Taylor, Herman Welker, Frank Church