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1946 United States Senate elections

The 1946 United States Senate elections were held November 5, 1946, in the middle of Democratic President Harry S. Truman's first term.

1946 United States Senate elections

← 1944 November 5, 1946 1948 →

32 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  WallaceWhiteJr.jpg AlbenBarkley.jpg
Leader Wallace White Alben Barkley
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since February 25, 1944 July 22, 1937
Leader's seat Maine Kentucky
Seats before 39 56
Seats won 50 46
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 10
Popular vote 14,984,498 11,369,078
Percentage 54.5% 41.4%
Swing Increase 8.4% Decrease 8.9%
Seats up 10 21
Races won 21 11

  Third party
 
Party Progressive
Seats before 1
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 1
Seats up 1
Races won 0

US 1946 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Republican gain      Republican hold
     Democratic hold

Majority Leader before election

Alben Barkley
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Wallace White
Republican

The Republicans took control of the Senate by picking up twelve seats, mostly from the Democrats.

The vote was largely seen as a referendum on Truman, whose approval rating had sunk to 32%[1] over the president's controversial handling of a wave of post-war labor strikes, such as a nationwide railroad strike in May, at a time when Americans depended on train service for both commuter and long-distance travel. Just as damaging was Truman's back-and-forth over whether to end unpopular wartime price controls to handle shortages, particularly in foodstuffs. For example, price controls on beef had led to a "hamburger famine", but when Truman, in a surprise move, lifted the controls on October 14 — just weeks before the election — meat prices shot up to record levels.[citation needed]

Republican waveEdit

The president's lack of popular support is widely seen as the reason for the Democrats' congressional defeat, the largest since they were trounced in the 1928 pro-Republican wave that brought Herbert Hoover to power. And for the first time since before the Great Depression, Republicans were seen as the party which could best handle the American economy.

However, the Republicans also benefited from what today would be called "a good map," meaning that of the one-third of Senate seats up for election, the majority were held by Democrats.

Besides the Republicans being able to hold onto all of their seats, this was the party's largest senate gain since 1920.

Gains and lossesEdit

In addition to a net Republican gain by appointment before the election, the Republicans picked up twelve seats, eleven of them from Democrats, and one from Progressive Robert M. La Follette, Jr. (P-WI). This gave them a Senate majority for the first time since Hoover's administration.

In addition to capturing open seats in Idaho, Montana, Nevada, and New York, the Republicans defeated seven Democratic incumbents:

Change in Senate compositionEdit

Before the electionsEdit

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
Ran
D40
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Ran
D44
Ran
D45
Ran
D46
Ran
D47
Ran
D48
Ran
Majority → D49
Ran
R39
Retired
P1
Ran
D56
Retired
D55
Retired
D54
Retired
D53
Ran
D52
Ran
D51
Ran
D50
Ran
R38
Retired
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34
Ran
R33
Ran
R32
Ran
R31
Ran
R30
Ran
R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Result of the general electionsEdit

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Re-elected
D37
Re-elected
D36
Re-elected
D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
Re-elected
D40
Re-elected
D41
Re-elected
D42
Re-elected
D43
Re-elected
D44
Hold
D45
Hold
D46
Hold
R50
Gain
R49
Gain
Majority → R48
Gain
R39
Hold
R40
Gain
R41
Gain
R42
Gain
R43
Gain
R44
Gain
R45
Gain
R46
Gain
R47
Gain
R38
Hold
R37
Hold
R36
Re-elected
R35
Re-elected
R34
Re-elected
R33
Re-elected
R32
Re-elected
R31
Re-elected
R30
Re-elected
R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Result of the special electionsEdit

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42 D43 D44
Hold
D45
Hold
R51
Gain
R50
Gain, same as general
R49
Hold
Majority → R48
Hold
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46
Appointee elected
R47
Appointee elected
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
P# Progressive
R# Republican
V# Vacant

Race summariesEdit

Special elections during the 79th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1946 or before January 3, 1947; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama
(Class 2)
George R. Swift Democratic 1946 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1946.
Democratic hold.
 Y John Sparkman (Democratic)
Unopposed
California
(Class 1)
William F. Knowland Republican 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1946.
Winner also elected to next term, see below.
 Y William F. Knowland (Republican) 55.8%
Will Rogers Jr. (Democratic) 15.9%
Frederic C. Smedley 3.2%
George H. McLain (Democratic) 3.12%[2]
Connecticut
(Class 1)
Thomas C. Hart Republican 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1946.
Republican hold.
Winner also elected to next term, see below.
 Y Raymond E. Baldwin (Republican) 55.8%
Joseph M. Tone (Democratic) 40.5%
Frederic C. Smedley 3.2%[3]
Idaho
(Class 2)
Charles C. Gossett Democratic 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost nomination.
New senator elected November 5, 1946.
Republican gain.
 Y Henry C. Dworshak (Republican) 58.6%
George E. Donart (Democratic) 41.4%
Kentucky
(Class 2)
William A. Stanfill Republican 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1946.
Republican hold.
 Y John S. Cooper (Republican) 53.3%
John Y. Brown (Democratic) 46.5%
North Dakota
(Class 3)
Milton R. Young Republican 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1946.  Y Milton R. Young (Republican) 55.5%
William Lanier (Democratic) 27.4%
Gerald P. Nye (Independent) 15.2%
Ohio
(Class 1)
James W. Huffman Democratic 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1946.
Republican gain.
Winner was not elected to the next term, see below.
 Y Kingsley A. Taft (Republican) 56.2%
Henry P. Webber (Democratic) 43.8%[4]
Virginia
(Class 2)
Thomas G. Burch Democratic 1946 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1946.
Democratic hold.
 Y A. Willis Robertson (Democratic) 68.2%
Robert H. Woods (Republican) 29.0%

Races leading to the 80th CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning January 3, 1947; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Ernest W. McFarland Democratic 1940 Incumbent re-elected.  Y Ernest W. McFarland (Democratic) 69.2%
Ward S. Powers (Republican) 30.1%
California William F. Knowland Republican 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected.
Winner also elected to finish term, see above.
 Y William F. Knowland (Republican) 54.1%
Will Rogers Jr. (Democratic) 44.2%
Douglas Corrigan (Prohibition) 1.62%[2]
Connecticut Thomas C. Hart Republican 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Winner also elected to finish term, see above.
 Y Raymond E. Baldwin (Republican) 55.8%
Wilbur L. Cross (Democratic) 41.0%
Frederic C. Smedley 3.3%[3]
Delaware James M. Tunnell Democratic 1940 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y John J. Williams (Republican) 55.2%
James M. Tunnell (Democratic) 44.9%
Florida Spessard Holland Democratic 1946 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected.  Y Spessard Holland (Democratic) 78.7%
J. Harry Schad (Republican) 21.4%
Indiana Raymond E. Willis Republican 1940 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
 Y William E. Jenner (Republican) 52.4%
M. Clifford Townsend (Democratic) 46.8%
Maine Owen Brewster Republican 1940 Incumbent re-elected.  Y Owen Brewster (Republican) 63.6%
Peter M. MacDonald (Democratic) 36.5%
Maryland George L. P. Radcliffe Democratic 1934
1940
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
 Y Herbert R. O'Conor (Democratic) 50.2%
David J. Markey (Republican) 49.8%
Massachusetts David I. Walsh Democratic 1918
1924 (Lost)
1926 (Special)
1928
1934
1940
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (Republican) 59.6%
David I. Walsh (Democratic) 39.7%
Michigan Arthur H. Vandenberg Republican 1928 (Special)
1928
1934
1940
Incumbent re-elected.  Y Arthur H. Vandenberg (Republican) 67.1%
James H. Lee (Democratic) 32.0%
Minnesota Henrik Shipstead Republican 1922
1928
1934
1940
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
 Y Edward John Thye (Republican) 58.9%
Theodore Jorgenson (Democratic) 39.8%
Mississippi Theodore G. Bilbo Democratic 1934
1940
Incumbent re-elected.  Y Theodore G. Bilbo (Democratic)
Unopposed[5]
Missouri Frank P. Briggs Democratic 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y James P. Kem (Republican) 52.7%
Frank P. Briggs (Democratic) 47.1%
Montana Burton K. Wheeler Democratic 1922
1928
1934
1940
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y Zales N. Ecton (Republican) 53.5%
Leif Erickson (Democratic) 45.4%
Nebraska Hugh Butler Republican 1940 Incumbent re-elected.  Y Hugh Butler (Republican) 70.8%
John E. Mekota (Democratic) 29.2%
Nevada Edward P. Carville Democratic 1945 (Appointed) Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y George W. Malone (Republican) 55.2%
Berkeley L. Bunker (Democratic) 44.8%
New Jersey H. Alexander Smith Republican 1944 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.  Y H. Alexander Smith (Republican) 58.5%
George E. Brunner (Democratic) 40.1%
New Mexico Dennis Chavez Democratic 1935 (Appointed)
1936 (Special)
1940
Incumbent re-elected.  Y Dennis Chavez (Democratic) 51.5%
Patrick J. Hurley (Republican) 48.5%
New York James M. Mead Democratic 1940 Incumbent retired to run for New York Governor.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y Irving M. Ives (Republican) 52.6%
Herbert H. Lehman (Democratic) 47.6%
North Dakota William Langer Republican 1940 Incumbent re-elected.  Y William Langer (Republican) 53.3%
Arthur E. Thompson (Independent) 23.5%
Abner B. Larson (Democratic) 23.2%
Ohio James W. Huffman Democratic 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Winner was not elected to finish the term, see above.
 Y John W. Bricker (Republican) 57.0%
James W. Huffman (Democratic) 42.4%[4]
Pennsylvania Joseph F. Guffey Democratic 1934
1940
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y Edward Martin (Republican) 59.3%
Joseph F. Guffey (Democratic) 39.8%
Rhode Island Peter G. Gerry Democratic 1934
1940
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
 Y J. Howard McGrath (Democratic) 55.1%
W. Gurnee Dwyer (Republican) 44.9%
Tennessee Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic 1916
1922
1928
1934
1940
Incumbent re-elected.  Y Kenneth D. McKellar (Democratic) 66.6%
W. B. Ladd (Republican) 26.2%
Texas Tom Connally Democratic 1928
1934
1940
Incumbent re-elected.  Y Tom Connally (Democratic) 88.5%
Murray C. Sells (Republican) 11.5%
Utah Abe Murdock Democratic 1940 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y Arthur V. Watkins (Republican) 51.2%
Abe Murdock (Democratic) 48.8%
Vermont Ralph Flanders Republican 1946 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected.  Y Ralph E. Flanders (Republican) 74.6%
Charles P. McDevitt (Democratic) 25.4%
Virginia Harry F. Byrd Democratic 1933 (Appointed)
1933 (Special)
1934
1940
Incumbent re-elected.  Y Harry F. Byrd (Democratic) 64.9%
Lester S. Parsons (Republican) 30.5%
Washington Hugh B. Mitchell Democratic 1945 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Incumbent resigned December 25, 1946.
Winner appointed December 26, 1946 to finish term.
 Y Harry P. Cain (Republican) 54.3%
Hugh B. Mitchell (Democratic) 45.2%
West Virginia Harley M. Kilgore Democratic 1940 Incumbent re-elected.  Y Harley M. Kilgore (Democratic) 50.3%
Thomas Sweeney (Republican) 49.7%
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette Jr. Progressive 1925 (Special)
1928
1934
1940
Incumbent lost renomination as a Republican.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
 Y Joseph R. McCarthy (Republican) 61.3%
Howard J. McMurray (Democratic) 37.4%
Edwin Knappe (Socialist) 1.2%
Wyoming Joseph C. O'Mahoney Democratic 1933 (Appointed)
1934
1940
Incumbent re-elected.  Y Joseph C. O'Mahoney (Democratic) 56.2%
Harry B. Henderson (Republican) 43.8%

Elections during the 80th CongressEdit

In these elections, the winners were elected in 1947 after January 3; sorted by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Mississippi
(Class 1)
Theodore G. Bilbo Democratic 1934
1940
1946
Incumbent died August 21, 1947.
New senator elected November 4, 1947.
Democratic hold.
 Y John C. Stennis (Democratic) 26.9%
William M. Colmer (Democratic) 23.6%
Forrest B. Jackson (Democratic) 22.5%
Paul B. Johnson, Jr. (Democratic) 14.0%
John E. Rankin (Democratic) 12.6%[5]

Alabama (Special)Edit

1946 United States Senate special election in Alabama[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Sparkman 163,217 100.00%
Democratic hold

ArizonaEdit

Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Ernest McFarland ran for re-election to a second term, easily defeating his Republican challenger Ward S. Powers in the general election.

1946 United States Senate election in Arizona[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ernest McFarland 80,415 69.18%
Republican Ward S. Powers 35,022 30.13%
Communist Morris Graham 802 0.69%
Majority 45,393 39.05%
Turnout 116,239
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

CaliforniaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in California[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican William Knowland (incumbent) 1,428,067 54.10%
Democratic Will Rogers Jr. 1,167,161 44.22%
Prohibition Douglas Corrigan 42,683 1.62%
Write-In Herbert Steiner 156 0.01%
None Scattering 1,398 0.05%
Majority 260,906 9.88%
Turnout 2,639,465
Republican hold

ConnecticutEdit

Republican candidate Raymond E. Baldwin defeated the Democrats who were holding the office. He resigned only three years after the election.

1946 United States Senate election in Connecticut[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Raymond E. Baldwin 381,328 55.84%
Democratic Joseph M. Tone 276,424 40.48%
Socialist Frederick C. Smedley 22,012 3.22%
Socialist Labor John W. Aiken 3,156 0,46%
Majority 104,904 29.32%
Turnout 682,920
Swing to Republican from Democratic Swing

Connecticut (Special)Edit

1946 United States Senate special election in Connecticut[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Raymond E. Baldwin (Incumbent) 378,707 55.77%
Democratic Wilbur L. Cross 278,188 40.97%
Socialist Frederic C. Smedly 22,164 3.26%
Majority 100,519 14.80%
Turnout 679,059
Republican hold

DelawareEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Delaware[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John J. Williams 62,603 55.15%
Democratic James M. Tunnell (Incumbent) 50,910 44.85%
Majority 11,693 10.30%
Turnout 113,513
Republican gain from Democratic

FloridaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Florida[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spessard Holland (Incumbent) 156,232 78.65%
Republican J. Harry Schad 42,408 21.35%
Majority 113,824 57.30%
Turnout 198,640
Democratic hold

Idaho (Special)Edit

1946 United States Senate special election in Idaho[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Henry Dworshak 105,523 58.57%
Democratic George E. Donart (Incumbent) 74,629 41.43%
Majority 30,894 17.14%
Turnout 180,152
Republican gain from Democratic

IndianaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Indiana[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican William E. Jenner 739,809 54.91%
Democratic M. Clifford Townsend 584,288 43.36%
Prohibition Elmer D. Riggs 21,008 1.56%
Socialist Labor John Marion Morris 1,523 0.11%
Communist Elmer G. Johnson 806 0.06%
Majority 155,521 15.55%
Turnout 1,347,434
Republican hold

Kentucky (Special)Edit

1946 United States Senate special election in Kentucky[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Sherman Cooper 327,652 53.27%
Democratic John Young Brown 285,829 46.47%
Socialist W. E. Sandefur 1,638 0.27%
Majority 41,823 6.80%
Turnout 615,119
Republican hold

MaineEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Maine[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ralph Owen Brewster (Incumbent) 111,215 63.55%
Democratic Peter M. MacDonald 63,799 36.45%
Majority 47,416 27.10%
Turnout 175,014
Republican hold

MarylandEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Maryland[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Herbert O'Conor 237,232 50.24%
Republican David John Markey 235,000 49.76%
Majority 2,232 0.48%
Turnout 472,232
Democratic hold

MassachusettsEdit

Massachusetts election
 
← 1940
1952 →
     
Nominee Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. David I. Walsh
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 989,736 660,200
Percentage 59.55% 39.72%

U.S. Senator before election

David I. Walsh
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
Republican

Republican Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. defeated incumbent David I. Walsh.

1946 United States Senate election in Massachusetts[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. 989,736 59.55
Democratic David I. Walsh (Incumbent 660,200 39.72
Socialist Labor Henning A. Blomen 9,221 0.56
Prohibition Mark R. Shaw 2,898 0.17
Majority 329,536 19.83%
Turnout 1,662,055
Republican gain from Democratic

MichiganEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Michigan[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Arthur Vandenberg (Incumbent) 1,985,570 67.06%
Democratic James H. Lee 517,923 32.00%
Prohibition Lawrence A. Ruble 8,109 0.50%
Socialist Labor Theos A. Grove 4,572 0.28%
Communist Hugo Beiswenger 2,546 0.16%
Majority 1,467,647 35.06%
Turnout 1,618,720
Republican hold

MinnesotaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Minnesota[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edward John Thye 517,775 58.92%
Democratic–Farmer–Labor Theodore Jorgenson 349,520 39.78%
Revolutionary Workers Grace Carlson 11,421 1.30%
Write-In Henrik Shipstead 15 0.00%
Majority 168,255 19.14%
Turnout 878,731
Republican gain from Democratic–Farmer–Labor

MississippiEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Mississippi[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Theodore G. Bilbo (Incumbent) 46,747 100.00%
Democratic hold

MissouriEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Missouri[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James P. Kem 572,556 52.71%
Democratic Frank P. Briggs (Incumbent) 411,544 47.09%
Prohibition Jackson 979 0.09%
Socialist W. F. Rinck 887 0.08%
Socialist Labor Baeff 275 0.03%
Majority 61,012 5.62%
Turnout 1,086,241
Republican gain from Democratic

MontanaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Montana[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Zales Ecton 101,901 53.47%
Democratic Leif Erickson 86,476 45.38%
Socialist Floyd P. Jones 2,189 1.15%
Majority 15,425 8.09%
Turnout 190,566
Republican gain from Democratic

NebraskaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Nebraska[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Hugh Butler (Incumbent) 271,208 70.82%
Democratic John E. Mekota 111,750 29.18%
Majority 159,458 41.64%
Turnout 382,958
Republican hold

NevadaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Nevada[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George W. Malone 27,801 55.21%
Democratic Berkeley L. Bunker (Incumbent) 22,553 44.79%
Majority 5,248 10.42%
Turnout 50,354
Republican gain from Democratic

New JerseyEdit

1946 United States Senate election in New Jersey[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Howard Alexander Smith (Incumbent) 799,808 58.50%
Democratic George E. Brunner 548,458 40.12%
Socialist Labor John C. Butterworth 7,675 0.56%
Socialist Workers George Breitman 4,976 0.36%
Socialist Arthur Riley 2,226 0.16%
Prohibition George W. Ridout 1,711 0.13%
Anti-Medical Trust Federation Frederick W. Collins 1,676 0.12%
Independent American Mark M. Jones 625 0.05%
Majority 251,350 18.38%
Turnout 1,367,155
Republican hold

New MexicoEdit

1946 United States Senate election in New Mexico[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dennis Chávez (Incumbent) 68,650 51.51%
Republican Patrick J. Hurley 64,632 48.49%
Majority 4,018 3.02%
Turnout 133,282
Democratic hold

New YorkEdit

The New York state election was held on November 5, 1946.

The Socialist Labor state convention met on April 7 and nominated Eric Hass for the U.S.Senate.[10] The party filed a petition to nominate candidates under the name "Industrial Government Party."

The Liberal Party gathered 51,015 signatures and filed a petition to nominate candidates with the Secretary of State on September 2.[11]

The Republican state convention met on September 4 at Saratoga Springs, New York. They nominated Assembly Majority Leader Irving M. Ives.[12]

The Democratic state convention met on September 4 at Albany, New York, and nominated Ex-Governor Herbert H. Lehman (in office 1933-1942) for the U.S. Senate.[13]

The American Labor state convention met on September 3 and endorsed Lehman.[14] Fielding, Chapman and Abt were withdrawn from the ticket on September 5, and Democrats Corning, Young and Epstein substituted on the ticket.[15]

The Socialist Workers Party filed a petition to nominate candidates headed by Farrell Dobbs for Governor.

The Industrial Government, Socialist and Socialist Workers tickets were not allowed on the ballot because of "defective nominating petitions." The Court of Appeals upheld the decisions of the lower courts.[16]

The whole Republican ticket was elected in a landslide.

Republican ticket Democratic ticket American Labor ticket Liberal ticket Communist ticket
Irving M. Ives 2,559,363 Herbert H. Lehman 2,306,112 Herbert H. Lehman Herbert H. Lehman (none)

Obs.:

  • "Blank, void and scattering" votes: 178,694

North DakotaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in North Dakota[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican William Langer (Incumbent) 88,210 53.34%
Independent Arthur E. Thompson 38,804 23.46%
Democratic Abner B. Larson 38,368 23.20%
Majority 49,406 29.88%
Turnout 165,382
Republican hold

OhioEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Ohio[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kingsley A. Taft 1,193,852 56.22%
Democratic Henry P. Webber 929,584 43.78%
Majority 264,268 12.44%
Turnout 2,123,436
Republican gain from Democratic

Ohio (Special)Edit

1946 United States Senate special election in Ohio[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John W. Bricker 1,275,774 57.02%
Democratic James W. Huffman 947,610 42.36%
Socialist Labor William Farkas 13,885 0.62%
Majority 328,164 14.66%
Turnout 2,237,269
Republican hold

PennsylvaniaEdit

Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Joseph F. Guffey sought re-election to another term, but was defeated by Republican nominee Edward Martin.

General election results[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Edward Martin 1,853,458 59.26% +11.90%
Democratic Joseph F. Guffey (inc.) 1,245,338 39.81% -11.98%
Prohibition Dale H. Learn 17,451 0.56% +0.28%
Socialist Labor Frank Knotek 11,613 0.37% +0.31%
Majority 608,120 19.45%
Turnout 3,127,860
Republican gain from Democratic

Rhode IslandEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Rhode Island[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic J. Howard McGrath 150,748 55.11%
Republican W. Gurnee Dwyer 122,780 44.89%
Majority 27,968 10.22%
Turnout 273,528
Democratic hold

TennesseeEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Tennessee[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kenneth D. McKellar (Incumbent) 145,654 66.60%
Republican William B. Ladd 57,238 26.17%
Independent John Randolph Neal, Jr. 11,516 5.27%
Independent Herman H. Ross 4,303 1.97%
None Scattering 3 0.00%
Majority 88,416 40.43%
Turnout 218,714
Democratic hold

TexasEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Texas[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Connally (Incumbent) 336,931 88.51%
Republican Murray C. Sells 43,750 11.49%
Majority 293,181 77.02%
Turnout 380,681
Democratic hold

UtahEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Utah[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Arthur Vivian Watkins 101,142 51.24%
Democratic Abe Murdock 96,257 48.76%
Majority 4,885 2.48%
Turnout 197,399
Republican gain from Democratic

VermontEdit

Incumbent Republican Ralph Flanders successfully ran for re-election to a full term in the United States Senate, defeating Democratic candidate Charles P. McDevitt.

1946 United States Senate election in Vermont[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ralph Flanders (inc.) 54,729 74.62%
Democratic Charles P. McDevitt 18,594 25.35%
None Scattering 17 0.02%
Majority 36,135 49.27%
Total votes 73,340
Republican hold

VirginiaEdit

Incumbent Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr. was re-elected to a third term after defeating Republican Lester S. Parsons.

1946 United States Senate election in Virginia[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Harry F. Byrd, Sr. (Incumbent) 163,960 64.84% -28.48%
Republican Lester S. Parsons 77,005 30.45% +30.45%
Independent Howard Carwile 5,189 2.05%
Communist Alice Burke 3,318 1.31% -1.50%
Prohibition Thomas E. Boorde 1,764 0.70% +0.70%
Socialist Clarke T. Robb 1,592 0.63% +0.63%
Write-ins 35 0.01% -0.06%
Majority 86,955 34.39% -55.14%
Turnout 252,863
Democratic hold

Virginia (Special)Edit

Appointed Democratic Senator Thomas G. Burch retired after filling the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Carter Glass. Absalom Willis Robertson defeated Republican Robert H. Woods and was elected to finish Glass's term in office.

1946 United States Senate special election in Virginia[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Absalom Willis Robertson 169,680 68.15% -22.93%
Republican Robert H. Woods 72,253 29.02% +29.02%
Socialist Lawrence S. Wilkes 7,024 2.82% -3.71%
Write-ins 5 <0.01%
Majority 97,427 39.13% -45.42%
Turnout 248,962
Democratic hold

WashingtonEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Washington[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Harry P. Cain 358,847 54.34%
Democratic Hugh B. Mitchell (Incumbent) 298,683 45.23%
Socialist Labor Harry Morton 2,297 0.35%
Socialist Workers Charles R. Swett 515 0.08%
Majority 60,164 9.11%
Turnout 660,342
Republican gain from Democratic

West VirginiaEdit

1946 United States Senate election in West Virginia[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harley M. Kilgore (Incumbent) 273,151 50.33%
Republican Thomas Sweeney 269,617 49.67%
Majority 3,534 0.66%
Turnout 542,768
Democratic hold

WisconsinEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Wisconsin[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joseph McCarthy 620,430 61.15%
Democratic Howard J. McMurray 378,772 37.33%
Socialist Edwin Knappe 11,750 1.16%
Independent Socialist Labor Georgia Cozzini 1,552 0.15%
None Scattering 2,090 0.21%
Majority 241,658 23.82%
Turnout 1,014,594
Republican gain from Democratic

WyomingEdit

1946 United States Senate election in Wyoming[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph C. O'Mahoney (Incumbent) 45,843 56.21%
Republican Harry B. Henderson 35,714 43.79%
Majority 10,129 12.42%
Turnout 81,557
Democratic hold

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leuchtenburg, William E. (November 2006). "New Faces of 1946: An unpopular president. A war-weary people. In the midterm elections of 60 years ago, voters took aim at incumbents". Smithsonian (magazine). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. p. 2 of 5. Retrieved May 12, 2009. "On October 14, scarcely more than three weeks before midterm elections, Truman bit the bullet. Even when his approval rating dropped to 32 percent, he had told reporters that controls were indispensable. On this night, however, speaking to the largest radio audience since the end of the war, Truman lashed out at "the few men in Congress who, in the service of selfish interests, have been determined for some time to wreck price controls no matter what the cost might be to our people." Then he stunned the nation by announcing that he was lifting controls on meat. With the lid off, prices skyrocketed. The New York Daily News headlined: PRICES SOAR, BUYERS SORE/STEERS JUMP OVER THE MOON. Brickbats flew at the president. "Brother," said Ohio's Clarence J. Brown, chair of the Republican Congressional Committee, "the tide is sweepin' our way.""
  2. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - Container Detail Page". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - Container Detail Page". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - Container Detail Page". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - Container Detail Page". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1946" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1946". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - CT US Senate Race - Nov 04, 1946". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1946". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  10. ^ "Socialist Labor Party Ticket". The New York Times. April 8, 1946.
  11. ^ "LIBERALS TO FILE PETITIONS TODAY". The New York Times. September 2, 1946.
  12. ^ "ALBANY 'TEAM' KEPT". The New York Times. September 5, 1946.
  13. ^ "DEWEY IS ASSAILED; ...MEAD SPURNS ANY RED AID". The New York Times. September 5, 1946.
  14. ^ "DEMOCRATIC DEAL IRKS LABOR PARTY". The New York Times. September 4, 1946.
  15. ^ "ALP WITHDRAWS 3 FROM STATE TICKET". The New York Times. September 6, 1946.
  16. ^ "MINOR PARTIES RULED OFF BALLOT IN STATE". The New York Times. October 26, 1946.
  17. ^ "General Election Results - U.S. Senator - 1914-2014" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 16, 2015.