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Henry Albert Baker (November 27, 1848 – April 24, 1934) was an American Orthodontist who is known to introduce Orthodontics to the use of intermaxilary elastics. He is also known for the Baker anchorage.[1]

Henry Albert Baker
Born(1848-11-27)November 27, 1848
EducationBoston College of Dentistry
Known forDeveloped Baker Anchorage and discovered the intermaxillary elastics for the field of Orthodontics
Medical career



Henry Albert Baker was born in Newport, New Hampshire in 1848. His ancestors were Captain John Lowell, a renowned Indian Fighter and Hannah Dustin. He grew up at his family farm in his early years. He eventually attended Geisel School of Medicine . In 1873, he started practicing dentistry in Woodstock, Vermont. He formed the Vermont State Dental Society in 1876 and served its Vice-President. He then went to Boston Dental College and graduated from there in 1879. Dr. Baker was known for his work with the patients with Cleft Lip and Palate deformities. [2]

In 1874 he married Julia Willis and had two sons: Lawrence Willis Baker and Warren Stearns Baker. Lawrence followed his father's footsteps where he became an Orthodontic Professor at Harvard Dental School and Warren died in his early manhood years.

After her death in 1918, Dr. Baker retired to Hillsborough, New Hampshire. He died in 1934.


The elastics introduced by Baker were used to apply force in Orthodontics. Baker Anchorage combined the rubber tubing with a wire crib. EJ Tucker initially described the usage of elastics in the field of Dentistry. However, not much importance was given until Dr. Baker and Dr. Case introduced the usage of elastics for intermaxillary traction. Dr. Baker's discovery of the intermaxillary elastics was itself a source of contention between Dr. Edward Angle and Dr. Calvin Case. Dr. Angle supported claim by Dr. Baker about the discovery of the intermaxillary elastics contrary to Dr. Case's claim that he discovered the intermaxillary elastics. [3]

His disocvery was huge in the field of Orthodontics because it eliminated the need for extracting some teeth in certain cases. This was recognized by Dr. Edward Angle in a letter that he had written to Dr. Baker. Dr. Baker was recognized by American Society of Orthodontists in 1923 where he was awarded a Bronze baserelief of himself. [4]

Awards and positionsEdit


  1. ^ Rogers, Alfred P. (1958). "Henry Albert Baker". American Journal of Orthodontics. 44 (12): 940–942. doi:10.1016/0002-9416(58)90029-0.
  2. ^ Phulari, Basavaraj Subhashchandra (2013-06-30). History of Orthodontics. JP Medical Ltd. ISBN 9789350904718.
  3. ^ Kumar (2008-01-01). Orthodontics. Elsevier India. ISBN 9788131210543.
  4. ^ "History of Orthodontic Braces and Orthodontia". Retrieved 2016-04-09.