Henrietta Godolphin, 2nd Duchess of Marlborough
Henrietta Godolphin, 2nd Duchess of Marlborough, Princess of Mindelheim, Princess of Mellenburg, Princess of the Holy Roman Empire, Countess of Godolphin (19 July 1681 – 24 October 1733) was the daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, general of the army, and Sarah Jennings, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend and business manager of Queen Anne.
The Duchess of Marlborough
Portrait of Henrietta Godolphin
|Preceded by||John Churchill, 1st Duke|
|Succeeded by||Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke|
19 July 1681
|Died||24 October 1733 (aged 52)|
|Resting place||Westminster Abbey|
|Spouse(s)||Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin|
|Children||William Godolphin, Marquess of Blandford|
Lord Henry Godolphin
Lady Margaret Godolphin
Henrietta Pelham-Holles, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Mary Osborne, Duchess of Leeds
|Parents||John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough|
She was born Henrietta Churchill, and became The Hon. Henrietta Churchill when her father was made a Scottish Lord of Parliament in 1682 and Lady Henrietta Churchill in 1689, when her father was created Earl of Marlborough. She married The Hon. Francis Godolphin in 1698, becoming Lady Henrietta Godolphin. She became Viscountess Rialton in 1706 when her father-in-law was created Earl of Godolphin, and Countess of Godolphin in 1712 when her husband succeeded as 2nd Earl of Godolphin.
An act of English parliament in 1706 allowed the 1st Duke's daughters to inherit his English titles. Following his death in 1722, Lady Godolphin became suo jure Duchess of Marlborough.
She bore five children during her marriage to Lord Godolphin:
- William Godolphin, Marquess of Blandford (c. 1700–1731), married Maria Catherina de Jong, no issue
- Lord Henry Godolphin (b. c. 1700)
- Lady Margaret Godolphin (b. c. 1703)
- Lady Henrietta Godolphin (d. 1776), married the 1st Duke of Newcastle, no issue
- Lady Mary Godolphin (1723–1764), married the 4th Duke of Leeds and had issue. It was rumored that Lady Mary Godolphin was not, in fact, the daughter of the 2nd Earl of Godolphin, but rather daughter of the playwright William Congreve and Henrietta Godolphin.
Titles and stylesEdit
- 1681–1682: Miss Henrietta Churchill
- 1682–1689: The Honourable Henrietta Churchill
- 1689–1698: The Lady Henrietta Churchill
- 1698–1706: The Lady Henrietta Godolphin
- 1706–1712: Viscountess Rialton
- 1712–1722: The Right Honourable The Countess of Godolphin
- 1722–1733: Her Grace The Duchess of Marlborough
The Duchess did not inherit her father's imperial princely title as the Empire operated Salic Law, preventing female succession. However, she was a princess of the Holy Roman Empire and a Princess of Mindelheim, and subsequently a Princess of Mellenburg after her father's lands in the empire were exchanged for one another.
- Sir Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyme
- Boswell, James (1950). Boswell's London Journal. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 157. ISBN 0300057350.
- Sambrook, James (January 2008). "Godolphin, Henrietta, suo jure duchess of Marlborough (1681–1733)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/92329. Retrieved 2009-06-28. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
|Peerage of England|
| Duchess of Marlborough