Joseph-Henri Deverin (1846-1921)[1] was a French architect and urban planner. He was the chief architect of historic monuments.

Joseph-Henri Deverin
Known forProposed reconstruction of the Palais-Royal

Life edit

Paris 17th arrondissement - Hôtel particulier 68 rue Ampère

Joseph-Henri Deverin was born in 1846. In 1865 he was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts.[2] He studied under Daumet and de Lisch.[3] He built some townhouses in Paris.[2] The townhouse at 68 rue Ampère, which he designed and the engineer Weyher built around 1880, has been registered as a historic monument. It has a neo-Gothic facade and interior, and is one of the last of the tall buildings in the rue Ampère from the 19th century.[4]

In 1877 Deverin joined the Department of Historic Monuments, and in 1897 became a departmental chief architect. He worked in the departments of Vienne, Deux-Sèvres and Vendée (1897-1917) and in Loire-Atlantique (1898). His main works were Porte Saint-Jacques, Parthenay and the churches of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes, Airvault and Oiron in Deux-Sèvres. He also restored several buildings in Vienne and Loire-Inférieure after the Department of Historic Monuments was reorganized in 1897.[3]

Deverin retired in 1919 and died in 1921.[3]

Proposals edit

The Palais-Royal ward had become stagnant after the depression of the 1880s, visited by few tourists.[5] In 1900 a major fire destroyed the Comédie-Française. The Palais-Royal was destroyed and then restored for the twentieth time.[6] To bring the ward back to life, Deverin proposed to extend the Rue Vivienne through the palace to intersect the Rue de Rivoli in front of the Conseil d'Etat.[7][a]

Deverin also wanted to change the buildings and build extensions incorporating the style of Napoleon III's Louvre expansion.[1] This project, which would have harmonized the architecture of the Palais-Royal with that of Hector Lefuel in the Louvre, was ultimately not carried out.

Henri Deverin also proposed to implement a statue representing the city of Paris behind the apse of Notre Dame de Paris.[8][b] This project was also rejected.

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  1. ^ Eugène Hénard also wanted to bring traffic through the Palais-Royal, making it the location of the intersection of two major new avenues.[7]
  2. ^ The Ile-de-France square was built at this location, under which the crypt of the Deportees was dug.