Hemel Hempstead (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hemel Hempstead in Hertfordshire.
Location of Hertfordshire within England.
|Electorate||72,561 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Hemel Hempstead|
|Member of parliament||Mike Penning (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Hertfordshire|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Hertfordshire West and Hertfordshire South West|
|Created from||Watford and St Albans|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
The constituency was established as a Division of Hertfordshire by the Representation of the People Act 1918, largely created from the northern half of the Watford Division, including Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamsted and Tring. It also included north-western part of the St Albans Division, around Harpenden.
Harpenden was transferred back to St Albans in 1974 and the constituency was temporarily abolished from 1983 to 1997 during which time it was replaced by West Hertfordshire.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Hemel Hempstead, the Urban Districts of Berkhamsted, Harpenden, and Tring, the Rural Districts of Berkhamsted and Hemel Hempstead, in the Rural District of St Albans the parishes of Harpenden Rural, Redbourn, and Wheathampstead, and in the Rural District of Watford the parishes of Abbots Langley and Sarratt.
1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Hemel Hempstead, the Urban Districts of Berkhamsted, Harpenden, and Tring, the Rural Districts of Berkhamsted and Hemel Hempstead, and in the Rural District of St Albans the parishes of Harpenden Rural and Redbourn.
1974-1983: The Municipal Borough of Hemel Hempstead, the Urban Districts of Berkhamsted and Tring, and the Rural Districts of Berkhamsted and Hemel Hempstead.
The constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election. Berkhamsted and the area to the south of Hemel Hempstead, including Kings Langley, was transferred to South West Hertfordshire. The remainder, including Hemel Hempstead and Tring, formed the new County Constituency of West Hertfordshire.
1997-2010: The District of Dacorum wards of Adeyfield East, Adeyfield West, Ashridge, Bennetts End, Boxmoor, Central, Chaulden, Crabtree, Cupid Green, Flamstead and Markyate, Gadebridge, Grove Hill, Highfield, Kings Langley, Leverstock Green, Nash Mills, South, and Warners End.
Re-established for the 1997 general election from the bulk of the abolished County Constituency of West Hertfordshire (excluding Tring). Kings Langley transferred back from South West Hertfordshire.
2010-present: The District of Dacorum wards of Adeyfield East, Adeyfield West, Apsley, Ashridge, Bennetts End, Boxmoor, Chaulden and Shrubhill, Corner Hall, Gadebridge, Grove Hill, Hemel Hempstead Central, Highfield and St Paul's, Kings Langley, Leverstock Green, Nash Mills, Warners End, Watling, and Woodhall.
Minor loss to South West Hertfordshire following revision of local authority wards.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission have recommended that the constituency be extended southwards, gaining the District of Three Rivers ward of Gade Valley, offset by the transfer of the District of Dacorum ward of Ashridge to South West Hertfordshire.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1997||Tony McWalter||Labour Co-operative|
|2005||Sir Mike Penning||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Sally Symington||3,233||6.2||+1.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Rabi Martins||2,402||4.8||−18.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Grayson||11,315||22.9||+6.0|
This was the highest swing from Labour to Conservative in the 2010 general election.
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Tony McWalter||18,501||39.3||−7.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Grayson||8,089||17.2||+4.4|
|Conservative gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+4.6|
|Labour Co-op||Tony McWalter||21,389||46.6||+0.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Stuart||5,877||12.8||+0.5|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Tony McWalter||25,175||45.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Patricia Lindsley||6,789||12.3|
|Natural Law||Diana M. Harding||262||0.5|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||T Walters||649||0.83|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Labour||Peter A. Fletcher||28,067||36.10|
|Liberal||A. John Wilson||9,274||11.93|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||A. John Whiteside||9,970||13.96|
|Labour||Gilbert D. Hitchcock||26,273||37.87|
|Liberal||A. John Whiteside||11,986||17.28|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Norman Ian MacKenzie||19,512||38.81|
|Labour||Norman Ian MacKenzie||18,220||41.56|
|Liberal||Peter Arthur Stevens||6,696||15.26|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal||Thomas Alfred Trotter||10,219||23.1||-5.2|
General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Liberal||Margery Corbett Ashby||7,347||28.3||+6.3|
|Labour||Charles William James||3,651||14.0||-1.4|
|Conservative||J. C. C. Davidson||20,074||62.5||-4.7|
|Liberal||Margery Corbett Ashby||7,078||22.0||-2.6|
|Labour||Charles William James||4,951||15.4||+7.2|
|Conservative||J. C. C. Davidson||21,946||67.2||+|
|Liberal||Charles Thomas Le Quesne||8,021||24.6|
|Labour||Albert E.R. Millar||2,677||8.2|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Unionist||J. C. C. Davidson||15,145||49.8||−7.8|
|Liberal||Charles Thomas Le Quesne||11,631||38.3||+2.8|
|Labour||Albert E.R. Millar||3,624||11.9||+5.0|
|Unionist||J. C. C. Davidson||12,985||57.6||+27.6|
|Liberal||John Freeman Dunn||7,994||35.5||−14.5|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+21.1|
|Liberal||John Freeman Dunn||8,892||50.0||N/A|
|Unionist||J. C. C. Davidson||8,875||50.0||−17.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Unionist||J. C. C, Davidson||11,847||67.4||−10.2|
|Labour||John Harper Clynes||5,726||32.6||+10.2|
|C||Unionist||J. C. C. Davidson||Unopposed|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C||Unionist||Gustavus Arthur Talbot||10,070||77.6||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Hemel Hempstead', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 22 March 2016.[permanent dead link]
- Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
- "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
- "Hemel Hempstead Parliamentary Consitituency - Election 2017". BBC. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Statement Of Persons Nominated And Notice Of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- The Liberal Magazine, 1939