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Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri (Bengali: হেম চন্দ্র রায়চৌধুরী) (8 April 1892 – 4 May 1957[1]) was an Indian historian, known for his studies on ancient India.

Hemchandra Raychaudhuri
Born8 April 1892
Died4 May 1957


Early life and educationEdit

He came from a Baidya zamindar family. He was the son of Manoranjan Raychaudhuri, the Zamindar of Ponabalia in the present-day Jhalokati District in Bangladesh, and his wife Tarangini Devi. He completed his schooling at Brajamohan Institution in Barisal, which had been founded by Ashwini Kumar Dutta. He passed the University of Calcutta's entrance examination in 1907, standing first among all the students of East Bengal and Assam. He then joined Scottish Church College, Calcutta and after that Presidency College, Calcutta, standing First in the First Class in his B.A. (Hons.) examination in 1911. For his outstanding achievements in this examination he was awarded the Eshan Scholarship. He again stood First in the First Class in his M.A. examination in 1913 and was awarded the Griffith Prize in 1919.

His nephews were Tapan Kumar Raychaudhuri and Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri.[2]


He taught as a lecturer in Bangabasi College, Calcutta (1913–14). Soon after he joined the Bengal Education Service and was posted at Presidency College, Calcutta from (1914–16). In 1916 he was transferred to Chittagong College. Around this time Sir Ashutosh Mookerjee offered him a Lecturership at the Department of Ancient History and Culture, University of Calcutta in 1917. He was awarded a Ph.D. in Ancient Indian history from Calcutta University in 1921. In 1928 he acted as Reader in the Department of History of the University of Dacca. In 1936 he succeeded D. R. Bhandarkar as the Carmichael Professor of Ancient Indian History and Culture at Calcutta University from where he retired in 1952.[1][3]


  • Materials for the Study of the Early History of the Vaishnava Sect, Calcutta: University of Calcutta (1920)
  • Political History of Ancient India: From the Accession of Parikshit to the Extinction of the Gupta Dynasty, Calcutta: University of Calcutta (1923)
  • Studies in Indian Antiquities, Calcutta: University of Calcutta (1932)
  • Vikramaditya in History and Legend, Vikrama-volume, Scindia Oriental Institute (1948)
  • An Advanced History of India (Madras, 1946; last reprint in 1981) (authored with R.C. Majumdar and Kalikinkar Datta)


  1. ^ a b Raychaudhuri, Hemchandra (1972). Political History of Ancient India: From the Accession of Parikshit to the Extinction of the Gupta Dynasty, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 7th edition, pp. iv-vi
  2. ^ See Talk page for details
  3. ^ M.M. Rahman, Encyclopedia of Historiography, (2006), p. 357

Further readingEdit

  • Panda, Harihar (2007). Prof. H.C. Raychaudhuri: as a Historian, New Delhi:Northern Book Centre, ISBN 81-7211-210-6

External linksEdit