Hedwig of Legnica

Hedwig of Legnica (Polish: Jadwiga Legnicka) (ca. 1351 – 1 August 1409) was a Polish princess and member of the Piast dynasty, in the Legnica branch. By marriage Hedwig was Duchess of Żagań.

Hedwig of Legnica
Duchess of Żagań
POL województwo dolnośląskie COA.svg
Coat-of-arms of Silesian Piasts
Bornc. 1351
Noble familyPiast dynasty
HusbandHenry VI the Older
FatherWenceslaus I of Legnica
MotherAnna of Cieszyn

She was the fourth child and only daughter of Wenceslaus I, Duke of Legnica and his wife Anna, daughter of Casimir I, Duke of Cieszyn.


Hedwig married on 10 February 1372 to Henry VI the Older, Duke of Głogów-Żagań. Their union was an unhappy one; after the premature death of their only daughter, the Ducal couple became formally separated. Hedwig remained in Żagań and Henry VI moved to Krosno Odrzańskie, where he died on 5 December 1393.

Despite their many years of estrangement, in his will Henry VI left all his lands to Hedwig as her dower, these included the towns of: Żagań, Krosno Odrzańskie and Świebodzin. Hedwig ruled over the lands until 1403, when she renounced her government over them on behalf of Henry VI's nephews.


  • Cawley, Charles, SILESIA, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
  • Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Piast". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source][better source needed]
  • Chronological Dates in Stoyan
Preceded by
Henry VI the Older
Duchess of Żagań
Succeeded by
Jan I
Henry IX the Older
Henry X Rumpold