Hedwig (name)

Hedwig is a German feminine given name, from Old High German Hadwig, Hadewig, Haduwig. It is a Germanic name consisting of the two elements hadu "battle, combat" and wig "fight, duel".

The name is on record since the 9th century, with Haduwig, a daughter of Louis the German. The name remained popular in German high nobility during the 10th and 11th centuries. Other medieval spellings include Hathuwic, Hathewiga, Hadewich, Hadewic, Hathwiga, Hadwich, Hatwig, Hadwig, Hediwig, Hedewiga, Hedewich, Hedewiih, Hatuuih, Hetvic, Haduwich, Hadawich, Hatuwig, etc. Forms such as Hadiwih, Hadewi etc. suggest that the name is the result of a conflation of two separate names, one with the second element wig "fight", the other with the second element wih "hallowed".[1]

The Dutch form is Hadewych (Hadewijch). A German and Dutch diminutive is Hedy. The German name was adopted into Swedish in about the 15th century and is still in use in Swedish, and to a lesser extent in Danish and Norwegian, in the spelling Hedvig, with a diminutive Hedda.[2] Finnish forms of name are Heta and Helvi. The German name was adopted into Polish, as Jadwiga. A French form is Edwige (not to be confused with the unrelated Anglo-Saxon Eadwig, Edwig).

Fictional charactersEdit

People named HedwigEdit

MedievalEdit

Renaissance and early modern periodsEdit

Modern eraEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Förstemann, Altdeutsches Namenbuch (1900:647).
  2. ^ nordicnames.de, citing Kristoffer Kruken and Ola Stemshaug, Norsk Personnamnleksikon (1995); Eva Brylla, Förnamn i Sverige (2004).

See alsoEdit