Hayao Tada

Hayao Tada (多田 駿, Tada Hayao, 24 February 1882 – 16 December 1948) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War. A noted China expert within the Japanese military, he was a leading figure in the Trautmann mediation effort to bring a negotiated end to the war.

Hayao Tada
Hayao Tada.jpg
General Hayao Tada
Native name
多田 駿
Born(1882-02-24)February 24, 1882
Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
DiedDecember 16, 1948(1948-12-16) (aged 66)
Tokyo, Japan
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service1903–1945
RankGeneral 帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大将.svg
Unit18th Artillery Regiment
Commands heldChina Garrison Army, IJA 11th Division, 3rd Army, North China Area Army
Battles/warsRusso-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War
AwardsOrder of the Rising Sun, Order of the Golden Kite (2nd class)
Other workfarmer

BiographyEdit

Early military careerEdit

Tada was the second son of a former samurai retainer of Sendai Domain from Sendai, Miyagi, and was adopted by his uncle. After attending military preparatory schools, he graduated from the 15th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1903, specializing in the artillery, and as a junior officer, served with the IJA 18th Field Artillery Regiment at the Siege of Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.

He graduated from the 25th class of the Army War College (Japan) in 1913. the same year, he married a daughter of Daisaku Komoto, who was later famous for his involvement in the Huanggutun incident to assassinate Chinese warlord Zhang Zuolin. Tada served as an instructor to the Chinese National Revolutionary Army at the Beijing Military Academy from 1917 and rose to the position of senior military advisor to Chinese President Li Yuanhong. He became fluent in Mandarin Chinese and developed close personal contacts with many leading Chinese military and political figures of the time. Tada departed China on assignment to Vladivostok as part of the Siberian Expeditionary Army. From 1920 to 1923 he was an instructor at the Army Staff College, and visited the United States from July 1924 to May 1925. He returned to China from March 1926 to July 1927.In July 1927, he was promoted to colonel and resumed his post as an instructor at the Army Staff College. From March 1928, he was commander of the IJA 4th Field Artillery Regiment, and from May 1930 was chief of staff of the IJA 16th Division.[1]

Second Sino-Japanese WarEdit

Tada returned to the Beijing Military Academy from March 1931, and was assigned to the Kwantung Army from April 1932, serving a senior military advisor to Manchukuo. He was promoted to major general in August. It has been alleged that Princess Aisin Gioro Xianyu (Yoshiko Kawashima) was his mistress. From April 1934, he was made commander of the IJA 6th Field Artillery Brigade and in August 1935 became commander in chief of the China Garrison Army. Tada was instrumental in establishing the East Hebei Autonomous Government later that year.

Tada was promoted to lieutenant general in April 1936 and assumed command of the IJA 11th Division in May 1936. With the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, he was recalled to Japan in August 1937 to become Vice Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff. He concurrently held the post of Commandant of the Army Staff College.

After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Tada attempted to contact Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek to defuse tensions between Japan and China in an effort at mediation sponsored by the German Ambassador to China, Oskar Trautmann. Tada argued that both countries faced the same external threat from the Soviet Union and internal threat from communism, and should not waste precious resources fighting one another; however, Tada's efforts were overruled by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe, Army Minister Hajime Sugiyama, Navy Minister Mitsumasa Yonai and Foreign Minister Kōki Hirota, all of whom berated Tada for attempting to effect private diplomacy.

Tada returned to China in December 1938 as commander of the IJA Third Army and in September 1939, he was promoted to commander of the North China Area Army. He was awarded the German Grand Cross of Order of the German Eagle in January 1940,[2] and the Japanese Order of the Golden Kite, 2nd class in July 1941, and was promoted to full general. He retired from active military service two months later and moved to Tateyama, Chiba for the remainder of the war.

Post-warEdit

After the surrender of Japan, Tada was placed under home arrest by the SCAP occupation authorities. He was charged with "Class A" war crimes, and was called as a witness for the prosecution against Iwane Matsui, Seishiro Itagaki, and Kenji Dohihara. Despite his position as a prosecution witness, he asserted the legitimacy of Japan's position in China. He died of his stomach cancer at his home in Tateyama on 18 December 1948, before the end of the trial. It was revealed a week after his death that all charges against him had been dropped.

ReferencesEdit

  • Dorn, Frank (1974). The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-41;: From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor. MacMillan. ISBN 0-02-532200-1.
  • Fukagawa, Hideki (1981). (陸海軍将官人事総覧 (陸軍篇)) Army and Navy General Personnel Directory (Army). Tokyo: Fuyo Shobo. ISBN 4829500026.
  • Dupuy, Trevor N. (1992). Encyclopedia of Military Biography. I B Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 1-85043-569-3.
  • Hata, Ikuhiko (2005). (日本陸海軍総合事典) Japanese Army and Navy General Encyclopedia. Tokyo: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 4130301357.

FilmsEdit

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ammenthorp, The Generals of World War II
  2. ^ 『官報』「敍任及辭令」January 24, 1940
Military offices
Preceded by
Yoshijirō Umezu
Commander, China Garrison Army
Aug 1935– May 1936
Succeeded by
Kanichiro Tashiro
Preceded by
Kanichiro Tashiro
Commander of IJA 11th Division
May 1936-August 1937
Succeeded by
Sōbu Yamamuro
Preceded by
Otozō Yamada
Commander of 3rd Army
December 1938-September 1939
Succeeded by
Kamezo Suetaka
Preceded by
Hajime Sugiyama
Commander, North China Area Army
September 1941 – July 1941
Succeeded by
Yasuji Okamura