Hawaa (Arabic: Eve) is a weekly women's magazines published in Cairo, Egypt. The magazine is modelled by other women's magazines in the Arab countries.[1] It was Egypt's first women's magazine, founded in 1954.[2][3]

Hawaa
CategoriesWomen's magazine
FrequencyWeekly
PublisherDar Al Hilal
First issue1954; 69 years ago (1954)
CountryEgypt
Based inCairo
LanguageArabic
WebsiteHawaa

History and profileEdit

Hawaa was first published in 1954.[4][5] The founder was Amina Al Said, an Egyptian journalist and feminist.[1][6] The publisher is Dar Al Hilal.[7]

Hawaa is published weekly[8] and features news on health and beauty, family affairs, fashion,[4] adornment and home management using a feminist perspective.[9] In the 1970s it featured short stories written by both Egyptian and Western authors.[10] The magazine targets not only women but also men.[11]

Amina Al Said, its founder, was the first editor-in-chief of the weekly and served in the post from its inception in 1954 to 1969.[6] She was the first female editor-in-chief[1] and the first female chair of a publishing house, namely, Dar Al Hilal, in Egypt.[12] She published a weekly column in Hawaa until her death in 1995.[5]

Iqbal Baraka was the long-term editor-in-chief of the magazine[13] who was appointed to the post in July 1993.[14] On 28 June 2014 Magda Mahmoud became the editor-in-chief of the magazine.[15]

Egyptian intellectual Latifa al-Zayyat was the contributor of Hawaa from 1965 to 1968.[16]

CirculationEdit

Hawaa sold 175,000 copies in 1954.[4] Its circulation was 200,000 copies before 1967 and was about 175,000 copies in the period between 1967 and 1970.[4] The circulation of the magazine in 2000 was 150,000 copies.[8] The magazine also enjoyed high circulation levels abroad.[3][17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Adel Darwish (5 September 1995). "Obituary: Amina al-Said". The Independent. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  2. ^ Mervat F. Hatem (2005). Gender and Citizenship in the Middle East (1st ed.). Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-8156-2864-4.
  3. ^ a b Janet K. Boles; Diane Long Hoeveler (2004). Historical Dictionary of Feminism (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 282. ISBN 978-0-8108-4946-4.
  4. ^ a b c d Sonia Aly Dabbous (October 2002). "Women in the Media Past - Present - Future..." Ayamm. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Amina el-Saeed; Egyptian Feminist, 81". The New York Times. 15 August 1995. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Amīnah al-Saʿīd". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  7. ^ Mervat F. Hatem (2000). "The Pitfalls of the Nationalist Discourses on Citizenship in Egypt". In Suad Joseph (ed.). Gender and Citizenship in the Middle East. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-8156-2864-4.
  8. ^ a b Sahar Hegazi; Mona Khalifa (October 2000). "Increasing the Coverage of Reproductive Health Issues in Egyptian Press Project". FRONTIERS/Population Council. doi:10.31899/rh4.1139. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  9. ^ Marilyn Booth (May 2001). "Woman in Islam: Men and the "Women's Press" in Turn-of-the-20th-Century Egypt". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 33 (2): 171–201. doi:10.1017/S002074380100201X. JSTOR 259561. S2CID 161301527.
  10. ^ Michael W. Suleiman (October 1978). "Changing Attitudes Toward Women in Egypt: The Role of Fiction in Women's Magazines". Middle Eastern Studies. 14 (3): 352. doi:10.1080/00263207808700386.
  11. ^ Mohamed Younis (2007). "Daughters of the Nile: The Evolution of Feminism in Egypt". Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice. 13 (2).
  12. ^ Galal Amin (2012). "Egypt and the Market Culture" (PDF). In Aleya Serour (ed.). Writing Egypt. History, Literature, and Culture. Cairo; New York: The American University in Cairo Press. p. 196. ISBN 9789774163784.
  13. ^ "Feminists in Egypt". International Quranic Center. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  14. ^ "All about Eve: Egyptian feminist and journalist Iqbal..." Chicago Tribune. 25 July 1993. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  15. ^ "Media Situation in Egypt: Thirteenth report for the period June and August 2014" (Report). Al Sawt Al Hurr. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  16. ^ Amal Amireh (October 1996). "Remembering Latifa al-Zayyat". Al Jadid. 2 (12).
  17. ^ Karen L. Kinnear (2011). Women in Developing Countries: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-59884-426-9.

External linksEdit