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Hatteras is an unincorporated village and census-designated place (CDP) in Dare County, North Carolina, United States, on the Outer Banks island of Hatteras, at its extreme southwestern tip. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 504.[1] Immediately to the west of the village of Hatteras is Hatteras Inlet which separates Hatteras Island from the neighboring Ocracoke Island. North Carolina Highway 12 passes through the community linking it to Frisco to the east and Ocracoke to the west (via a ferry across Hatteras Inlet).

Hatteras, North Carolina
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°13′10″N 75°41′25″W / 35.21944°N 75.69028°W / 35.21944; -75.69028Coordinates: 35°13′10″N 75°41′25″W / 35.21944°N 75.69028°W / 35.21944; -75.69028
CountryUnited States of America
StateNorth Carolina
CountyDare
Named forHatteras Indians
Area
 • Total1.68 sq mi (4.36 km2)
 • Land1.58 sq mi (4.08 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)
Elevation
3 ft (0.9 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total504
 • Density320/sq mi (123.6/km2)
ZIP code
27943

The residents of Hatteras are governed by the Dare County Board of Commissioners. Hatteras is part of District 4, along with Avon, Buxton, Frisco, Rodanthe, Waves and Salvo.

Contents

Attractions and recreationEdit

Hatteras is best known as a fishing and vacation destination.

Watersports are plentiful on both the ocean-side and the sound-side of the village. Proximity to the convergence of the Labrador Current and the Gulf Stream result in the largest surf available on the East Coast. On the protected Pamlico Sound side of the island watersports such as windsurfing, kayaking, kiteboarding, and swimming are all readily available and accessible.

Fishing is a major source of recreation as well as revenue in Hatteras.

Pamlico Sound, which separates Hatteras and Ocracoke Islands, is one of the largest estuarine systems in the world and offers a variety of fishing opportunities.[2]

HistoryEdit

Hatteras was named after the Hatteras Indians.[3]

Hatteras Village was cut off from the rest of the island on September 18, 2003,[4] when Hurricane Isabel washed a 3,000-foot-wide (910 m) and 30-foot-deep (9.1 m) channel called Isabel Inlet at the north end of Hatteras village. The tear was subsequently repaired and restored by sand dredged by the Army Corps of Engineers.[5]

The Ellsworth and Lovie Ballance House and Hatteras Weather Bureau Station are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Public servicesEdit

Residents of Hatteras are served by the Cape Hatteras Elementary and Secondary School located on NC 12 in Buxton.[7] Hatteras is served by Billy Mitchell Airport

ClimateEdit

According to the Trewartha climate classification system, Hatteras, North Carolina has a humid subtropical climate with hot and humid summers, cool winters and year-around precipitation (Cfak). Cfak climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (> 0.0 °C), at least eight months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months in Hatteras, a cooling afternoon sea breeze is present on most days, but episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 100 °F (≥ 38 °C). Hatteras is prone to hurricane strikes, particularly during the Atlantic hurricane season which extends from June 1 through November 30, sharply peaking from late August through September. During the winter months, episodes of cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 15 °F (< -9 °C). The plant hardiness zone in Hatteras is 8b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 19.5 °F (-6.9 °C).[8] The average seasonal (Dec-Mar) snowfall total is < 2 inches (< 5 cm), and the average annual peak in nor'easter activity is in February.

Climate data for Hatteras, NC (1981-2010 Averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 53.0
(11.7)
55.0
(12.8)
59.9
(15.5)
67.1
(19.5)
74.2
(23.4)
81.3
(27.4)
84.8
(29.3)
84.4
(29.1)
80.6
(27.0)
72.8
(22.7)
64.7
(18.2)
56.9
(13.8)
69.6
(20.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 46.1
(7.8)
47.9
(8.8)
52.8
(11.6)
60.3
(15.7)
67.9
(19.9)
75.8
(24.3)
79.6
(26.4)
79.1
(26.2)
75.2
(24.0)
66.8
(19.3)
58.4
(14.7)
50.3
(10.2)
63.4
(17.4)
Average low °F (°C) 39.3
(4.1)
40.8
(4.9)
45.6
(7.6)
53.6
(12.0)
61.6
(16.4)
70.3
(21.3)
74.4
(23.6)
73.8
(23.2)
69.9
(21.1)
60.8
(16.0)
52.2
(11.2)
43.7
(6.5)
57.2
(14.0)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.29
(134)
3.86
(98)
4.58
(116)
3.72
(94)
3.56
(90)
3.84
(98)
4.82
(122)
6.28
(160)
5.81
(148)
5.03
(128)
4.95
(126)
4.17
(106)
55.91
(1,420)
Average relative humidity (%) 71.8 70.6 69.2 70.3 73.2 76.8 78.7 77.6 74.9 71.5 73.3 71.7 73.3
Average dew point °F (°C) 37.5
(3.1)
38.8
(3.8)
43.0
(6.1)
50.6
(10.3)
59.0
(15.0)
68.0
(20.0)
72.4
(22.4)
71.5
(21.9)
66.7
(19.3)
57.3
(14.1)
49.9
(9.9)
41.5
(5.3)
54.8
(12.7)
Source: PRISM[9]


Climate data for Cape Hatteras, NC Ocean Water Temperature (11 SE Hatteras)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °F (°C) 49
(9)
46
(8)
52
(11)
59
(15)
68
(20)
74
(23)
78
(26)
80
(27)
77
(25)
70
(21)
58
(14)
55
(13)
64
(18)
Source: NOAA[10]

EcologyEdit

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Hatteras, North Carolina would have a dominant vegetation type of Live oak/Sea Oats Uniola paniculata (90) with a dominant vegetation form of Coastal Prairie (20).[11]

GalleryEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hatteras CDP, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  2. ^ Bill Blue, ed. (Summer 2007). "Fishing: Hatteras and Ocracoke Style, Sunny Day Guide". Surfside East. pp. 34, 63–65.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 152.
  4. ^ "AFTER THE STORM: THE SCENE; Fickle Isabel Devastates Parts of Hatteras", in The New York Times, September 20, 2003. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
  5. ^ Hatteras Village, "N.C., Breach Cut by Hurricane Isabel Is Filled with Sand," in The News & Observer, November 4, 2003. Retrieved May 8, 2008. Archived June 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
  7. ^ Dare County Schools Website Archived 2007-06-30 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  9. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  10. ^ "Water Temperature Table of All Coastal Regions". Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  11. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved August 6, 2019.

External linksEdit