Hatice Gonnet-Bağana

Hatice Gonnet-Bağana (born 1932, Istanbul) is a Turkish archaeologist specialising in the Hittites. She is an emerita researcher at the French National Centre for Scientific Research.


Hatice Bağana was born in Istanbul in 1932. Her great-grandfather, Mehmed Said Bey (1865-1928), was an interpreter at the Ottoman court. Her father, Mehmet Ali Bağana, was one of the first administrators of the Republic of Turkey, instrumental in Turkish land reform. When he was posted to Paris to work at the OECD, she studied archaeology and the history of art. In 1969, she joined the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). She obtained her doctorate under the guidance of Emmanuel Laroche in 1973 at the University of Paris I.[1] After Laroche's retirement, she became the head of the Hittitology department at the École pratique des hautes études.[2] She retired in 1997 as an honorary researcher of the CNRS, and was elected as a member of the Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft in Berlin. Between 1997 and 2011, she taught at the École du Louvre.[3][4]

In 1964, Hatice Bağana married Antoine Gonnet, a French artist. He died in 2009.[5]

In 2014, Gonnet-Bağana donated her archive of correspondence, academic research, lecture notes and extensive documentation of Hittitology to Koç University in Turkey.[6]


In 1979, Hatice Gonnet-Bağana was in the village of Beyköy, searching for traces of Hittite presence. In 1884, a stone inscription (since lost) of Hittite writing had been documented by W. M. Ramsay, while C. H. Emilie Haspels found second millennium BCE sherds in the area. Gonnet-Bağana's team, hoping to see Hittite artefacts reused locally, was unable to find any, but did establish Chalcolithic remains and determined a Phrygian presence in the area, later reused by Romans.[7] Ramsay's inscription was deciphered in 2017 as writing in the Luwian language (on the orders of a local monarch Kupanta-Kurunta), which triggered further interest in Beyköy. Georges Perrot, a French archaeologist, had claimed that the stone was used in the construction of a local mosque, but this was dismissed by Gonnet-Bağana.[8] Her investigations in the area continued the following year, when she discovered and annotated several rock-cut altars.[9]

Selected worksEdit

  • Hatice Gonnet, ed. (2016). Etudes anatoliennes de E. Laroche.
  • "Frigya'da bilinmeyen Sırakaya yapıtları". Türk Tarih Kongresi X. 1986.
  • "Frikya'da Geç Bronz Çağma tarihlenebilecek kaya eserleri üzerine gözlemler". Türk Tarih Kongresi IX. 1985.
  • "Le disque solaire Hittite d'après les documents archéologiques". Anadolu. 11. 1967.


  1. ^ "Gonnet née Bagana Hatice. La titulature royale hittite au IIe millénaire av. J.-C". École pratique des hautes études, 5e section, Sciences religieuses. Annuaire. Sciences religieuses. Vie de la Section : années 1971-1972 et 1972-1973. 80–81 (II). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  2. ^ Çiğdem Maner; Senem Acar; Derya Soğuksu; Tuba Akbaytürk (2016). "Hatice Gonnet Bağan Anatolian Civilizations and Hittite Digital Collection". Bilgi Dünyası (in Turkish). 17 (2). doi:10.15612/BD.2016.539.
  3. ^ Ece Zerman. "Performing the Modern: 1910-1940". SALT Research. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Biographical Note". Koç University. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Tony Gonnet: Existentialist Painter". Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Hatice Gonnet-Bağana Hittite Collection". Koç University. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Recent Archaeological Research in Turkey". Anatolian Studies. 31: 181–183. 1981. JSTOR 3642767.
  8. ^ "Afyonkarahisar'da 3 bin 200 yıllık yazıt, gizemini koruyor". Sabah (in Turkish). 12 August 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  9. ^ Machteld J. Mellink (1981). "Archaeology in Asia Minor". American Journal of Archaeology. 85 (4). JSTOR 504871.