Ernest Harvey Pulford (April 22, 1875 – October 31, 1940) was a Canadian athlete at the turn of the twentieth century, winning national championships in ice hockey, lacrosse, football, boxing, paddling and rowing. A highly regarded defenceman with the Ottawa Hockey Club, where he was known for being a large and solid player who was excellent at checking opponents. With Ottawa he won the Stanley Cup four times, and also won championships or tournaments in every sport in which he played. When the Hockey Hall of Fame was founded in 1945, Pulford was one of the original nine inductees.
|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1945|
April 22, 1875|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
October 31, 1940 (aged 65)|
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
|Height||5 ft 11 in (180 cm)|
|Weight||201 lb (91 kg; 14 st 5 lb)|
|Played for||Ottawa Hockey Club|
Born in Toronto, Harvey Pulford moved to Ottawa at an early age. He married Annis Mae Field of Brockville, Ontario; she died giving birth to a son, Harvey F. Pulford, on December 7, 1904. Pulford later married Jennie Davidson. Pulford worked for the Imperial Life Assurance Company of Canada from 1921 until his death.
Pulford died October 31, 1940 and was buried in Ottawa's Beechwood Cemetery. Jennie, his widow lived until April 29, 1947, and is also buried at Beechwood. The younger Harvey Pulford became an employee of the Canadian Pacific Railway and eventually moved to Chicago.
Pulford joined the Ottawa Hockey Club in 1893, playing as a defenceman. In his first season, Pulford played in the first Stanley Cup playoff games, against the Montreal Hockey Club. Pulford played for Ottawa until 1908, the year that Ottawa became professional. Pulford was captain of the Ottawa Hockey Club during the "Ottawa Silver Seven" era when the club won the Stanley Cup in March 1903 and held it until March 1906. After retirement from playing, Pulford continued in the game as a referee. In 1933, Pulford was given an option to buy the Ottawa club, by then known as the Senators, and move it to Baltimore, Maryland, but the purchase did not go through.
Pulford was outstanding in several sports. He was a backfielder for the Ottawa Football Club football team from 1893 to 1909, winning national championships in 1898, 1899, 1900, and 1902. He also served as captain of the team. He played lacrosse for the Ottawa Lacrosse Club from 1893 to 1900, winning four national titles. As a boxer, he won Eastern Canadian light heavyweight and heavyweight titles between 1896 and 1898.
He was hesitant to start the 1907 season as he wanted to row the following summer and was concerned about playing professionals on other hockey teams, which would not allow him to compete in other sports as the rules stated. Despite members of his rowing club telling him to stay out of hockey, Pulford wanted to play for the Stanley Cup and rejoined the Senators a few days before the season started.
He was a member of the 1910 Ottawa Rowing Club eight that defeated every one of its opponents in 1910, earning the Canadian and North American championships. Pulford later became president of the Ottawa Rowing Club. He served as president of Ottawa Rowing Club until resigning in 1936.
Pulford resigned as a rower with the Ottawa Rowing Club.
In 1916, Pulford was a candidate to succeed Emmett Quinn as president of the National Hockey Association (NHA), though he lost to Frank Robinson. He was nominated by Eddie Livingstone to replace Frank Calder as president of the by-then defunct NHA in a league meeting on September 28, 1918, but Calder would retain his position.
Pulford remained active in sports later in life. In his late 40s, he won the Ottawa squash championship and held it from 1922 to 1924.
Pulford was a charter member of the Hockey Hall of Fame (1945) and the Ottawa Sports Hall of Fame (1966). He was, with Russell Bowie, Harry Westwick and Alf Smith, one of the final active hockey players who had played in the 19th century. He was also inducted into the Ontario Sports Hall of Fame in 2003 and into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 2015.
Regular season and playoffsEdit
|1893–94||Ottawa Hockey Club||AHAC||6||0||0||0||—||1||0||0||0||—|
|1894–95||Ottawa Hockey Club||AHAC||7||0||0||0||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1895–96||Ottawa Hockey Club||AHAC||8||0||0||0||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1896–97||Ottawa Hockey Club||AHAC||8||0||0||0||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1897–98||Ottawa Hockey Club||AHAC||7||0||0||0||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1898–99||Ottawa Hockey Club||CAHL||5||0||0||0||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1899–1900||Ottawa Hockey Club||CAHL||6||1||0||1||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1900–01||Ottawa Hockey Club||CAHL||5||0||0||0||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1902–03||Ottawa Hockey Club||CAHL||7||0||0||0||15||2||0||0||0||—|
|1902–03||Ottawa Hockey Club||Stanley Cup||—||—||—||—||—||2||0||0||0||9|
|1903–04||Ottawa Hockey Club||CAHL||2||0||0||0||3||—||—||—||—||—|
|1903–04||Ottawa Hockey Club||Stanley Cup||—||—||—||—||—||7||1||0||1||12|
|1904–05||Ottawa Hockey Club||FAHL||6||1||0||1||6||—||—||—||—||—|
|1904–05||Ottawa Hockey Club||Stanley Cup||—||—||—||—||—||4||0||0||0||6|
|1905–06||Ottawa Hockey Club||ECAHA||10||3||0||3||27||2||0||0||0||—|
|1905–06||Ottawa Hockey Club||Stanley Cup||—||—||—||—||—||4||1||0||1||36|
|1906–07||Ottawa Hockey Club||ECAHA||10||0||0||0||31||—||—||—||—||—|
|1907–08||Ottawa Hockey Club||ECAHA||9||1||0||1||32||—||—||—||—||—|
|Stanley Cup totals||—||—||—||—||—||17||2||0||2||63|
*Playing stats from Total Hockey
- Kitchen 2008, p. 141
- Ottawa Citizen 1947, p. 29.
- Ottawa Citizen 1940, p. 8.
- Cross 1949, p. 2.
- Wong 2005, p. 132.
- The Gazette 1899, p. 2.
- Pittsburgh Press 1906, p. 8.
- Harvey Pulford Biography.
- Koffman 1953, p. E20.
- Ottawa Citizen 1935, p. 6.
- The Gazette 1936, p. 16.
- Vancouver Sun 1915, p. 6.
- Holzman & Nieforth 2002, p. 104
- Holzman & Nieforth 2002, p. 174
- Harvey Pulford 2018.
- Canada's Sports Hall of Fame 2015
- "A Few Remarks About That Game", The Gazette, Montreal, Quebec, November 30, 1899
- Canada's Sports Hall of Fame (June 18, 2015), Canada's Sports Hall of Fame Celebrates the Induction of an Historic Canadian Sport Legends Class, Sport Information Resource Centre, retrieved September 7, 2019
- "Church Filled To Capacity For Harvey Pulford Funeral", Ottawa Citizen, November 1, 1940
- Coleman, Charles L. (1966), The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Volume 1: 1893–1926 inc., Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, ISBN 0-8403-2941-5
- Cross, Austin (November 8, 1949), "Cross Town", Ottawa Citizen, Ottawa, Ontario
- Diamond, Dan, ed. (2002), Total Hockey: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Hockey League, Second Edition, New York: Total Sports Publishing, ISBN 1-894963-16-4CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Ferguson, Bob (2005), Who's Who In Canadian Sport, 4th Edition, Markham, Ontario: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, ISBN 1-55041-855-6CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Harvey Pulford, Ontario Sports Hall of Fame, 2018, retrieved September 7, 2019
- "Harvey Pulford", Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, December 31, 1906
- Harvey Pulford Biography, Hockey Hall of Fame, retrieved September 7, 2019
- "Hold E.R.A Regata At Brockville July 4", The Gazette, Montreal, March 20, 1936
- Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002), Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey, Toronto: Dundurn Press, ISBN 1-55002-413-2CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Kitchen, Paul (2008), Win, Tie, or Wrangle: The Inside Story of the Old Ottawa Senators, 1883–1935, Manotic, Ontario: Penumbra Press, ISBN 978-1-897323-46-5CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Koffman, Jack (April 28, 1953), "Ottawa Rowing Club Nearly Scored Grand Slam", Ottawa Citizen, Ottawa, Ontario
- "Old Favourites Pass In Review As Local Hockey Season Ends", Ottawa Citizen, Ottawa, Ontario, April 17, 1935
- Ottawa Citizen (April 30, 1947), "Mrs. Harvey Pulford dies in 75th year", Ottawa Citizen, Ottawa, Ontario
- "Pulford Quits Rowing", Vancouver Sun, Vancouver, British Columbia, March 24, 1915
- Wong, John Chi-Kit (2005), Lords of the Rinks: The Emergence of the National Hockey League, 1875 – 1936, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ISBN 978-0-8020852-0-7
| Ottawa Senators captain
| Ottawa Senators captain
| Ottawa Senators captain