Harris v Goddard

Harris v Goddard [1983] 3 All ER 242 is an English land law and matrimonial law case, concerning co-owned land between spouses and finding as to the effect of a divorce petition.

Harris v Goddard
Matrimonial Primer - Division.jpg
CourtCourt of Appeal
Decided25 July 1983
Citation(s)[1983] 3 All ER 242
[1983] 1 WLR 1203
Court membership
Judge(s) sittingLawton LJ
Dillon LJ
Kerr JJ
Keywords
Co-ownership, severance, joint tenancy
divorce petition

FactsEdit

Mr Harris and Mrs Harris, joint tenants, fell out, she petitioned for divorce and asked under the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973, ‘That such order may be made by way of transfer of property and/or settlement in respect of the former matrimonial home… and otherwise as may be just’. Mr Harris was killed in an accident, before the divorce hearing. The issue was whether a divorce petition effectively severs the joint tenancy. If so, she will have acted against her own interests, as the property falls to be divided in accordance with the Will (subject to the legal matrix of rights for dependant widows)[n 1] as her husband quickly died.

JudgmentEdit

Lawton LJ held that the petition was not effective to sever, because this was expressed so as to bring about the severance at some point in the future. His judgment continued.[1]

It follows that a desire to sever must evince an intention to bring about the wanted result immediately... Paragraph 3 of the prayer in the [divorce] petition does no more than invite the court to consider at some future time whether to exercise its jurisdiction under section 24 of the 1973 [matrimonial] Act, or, if it does, to do so in one or more of three different ways.

Dillon LJ said the following.[2]

Severance is... the process of separating off the share of a joint tenant, so that the concurrent ownership will continue but the right of survivorship will no longer apply. The parties will have separate shares as tenants in common...

SignificanceEdit

The underlying law as to survivorship and the default way in which spouses co-own (as joint tenants in equity, not tenants in common in equity) has not changed - it takes documented 'words of severance' to end the survivor's full-parts ("absolute") inheritance of a jointly owned asset (which is the resultant feature of being a 'joint tenant in equity').

English family law common process in divorce (replicated at this stage in separation) has increased the likelihood of the reflection of the end of the relationship affecting the financial affairs of the parties. Under the Family Law Act 1996 a spouse or other cohabitant with shared children will commonly register their interests as part of any separation or divorce while also severing the joint tenancy. This means any third parties interested in the other spouse's property alone (for example) are fixed with actual notice of the rights of the spouse and that those rights are solidified. Equity itself has shifted in favour of equal division further than in 1983, with extra considerable sums likely for children.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1983] 3 All ER 242, 246
  2. ^ [1983] 1 WLR 1203, 1210

NotesEdit