Hareskovbanen

Hareskovbanen (English: the Hareskov line) is one of six radial S-train lines in Copenhagen. It connects the city center to a number of northwestern suburbs and the cities of Værløse and Farum, with the terminus placed in the latter.

HistoryEdit

 
Lygten Station, the original terminus in Copenhagen

The line was opened in 1906 as part of the private København-Slangerup Jernbane which went to Slangerup, about two thirds from Farum to Frederikssund. Its terminus in Copenhagen was København L, close to present day Nørrebro station on the S-train ring line - the station building of this station still stands. This was quite a bit from the city center, but the station was supposed to be temporary until the exact routing of the various new railways near Copenhagen that were in planning around the turn of the century had been finalized.

For the first many years, a large part of the traffic consisted of leisure trips by the large working population of Nørrebro to the Hareskoven forest.

Over the years, the economy of the private railway company declined, and in 1929 most of the private investors sold their shares to the municipalities along the line. After World War II the railway was so run down that the state railways DSB had to take it over in 1948. A few years later, in 1954, the outer end of the line between Farum and Slangerup was abandoned as it was unprofitable.

Plans to convert the line to S-trains had been discussed for decades, and in 1961 an act authorizing DSB to electrify the line. However, the act was not followed by sufficient allocations of public money, and it would take until 1977 until S-trains could begin running on the line.

Originally the plan was to extend the line as an underground line directly from København L to the center of the city, but over the course of the 1960s it became clear that the funding environment would not support metro construction in the foreseeable future. Therefore, in the eventual S-train conversion the innermost few kilometers in the line were abandoned and replaced by a large S-curve that connected it to the existing S-train trunk at Svanemøllen. A new overpass and interchange with the ring line was built at Ryparken. København L was abandoned and the terminus of the diesel trains moved to Svanemøllen in early 1976, and a year and a half later the conversion to S-trains were complete. This was the longest single addition to the S-train network so far.

This indirect approach means that the travel time between this radial and the city center is relatively high, which makes it less attractive relative to more direct buses. Several of the stations on the line are among the least patronized S-train stations.

StationsEdit

Name Services Opened S-trains Comments
København H B 30 November 1911 15 May 1934 Central station; also all other radials; bus terminal; cross-link express bus 250S
Vesterport B 15 May 1934 Also all other radials
Nørreport B 1 July 1918 15 May 1934 Also all other radials; transfer to metro; bus terminal; cross-link express buses 150S and 350S
Østerport B 2 August 1897 15 May 1934 Also all other radials; named Østerbro until 1934
Nordhavn B 15 May 1934 Also Hillerød and Klampenborg radials
Svanemøllen B 15 May 1934 Also Hillerød and Klampenborg radials
Ryparken B 25 April 1976 25 September 1977 Transfer to ring line; bus terminal; cross-link express bus 150S
Emdrup B 25 September 1977
Dyssegård B 22 May 1932 25 September 1977
Vangede B 19 April 1906 25 September 1977
Kildebakke B 15 May 1935 25 September 1977
Buddinge B 19 April 1906 25 September 1977 Bus terminal; cross-link express buses 200S, 250S & 300S
Stengården B 15 May 1929 25 September 1977
Bagsværd B 19 April 1906 25 September 1977 Cross-link express bus 400S
Skovbrynet B 1 October 1930 25 September 1977
Hareskov B 19 April 1906 25 September 1977
Syvstjernen 15 May 1930 Closed since 1974
Værløse B 19 April 1906 25 September 1977 Cross-link express bus 500S
Furesø 22 May 1932 Closed since 23 May 1971
Farum B 19 April 1906 25 September 1977 Bus terminal; cross-link express bus 500S

Service patternsEdit

The basic service is the all-stops service B between København H and Farum. In the rush hours on Monday through Friday it is supplemented by the limited-stop service Bx.

Before 2007 the line was mainly served by service H (from 1972 to 1979 and again from 1993 to 2007 — then being the all-stop service on this line), and B (from 1979 to 1993).

TriviaEdit

  • The few hundred meters of track between the platforms at Farum and the bridge across Fiskebæk valley is the only remaining piece of single-tracked railway on the S-train network.