Hans Ris (June 15, 1914 – November 19, 2004) was an American cytologist and pioneer electron microscopist. His studies of chromosome structure revealed the importance of non-histone proteins, and along with evolutionary biologist Lynn Margulis, he was one of the first to recognize that blue-green algae were a special type of bacteria. He coined the term genophore for prokaryote DNA to highlight its differences from the eukaryal chromosome. Ris was a founding member of the American Society for Cell Biology and received the Distinguished Scientist Award by the Microscopy Society of America in 1983.
Hans Ris, from obituary by Lynn Margulis published in International Microbiology Vol 8. No 2. June 2005.
|Died||November 19, 2004 (aged 90)|
Madison, Wisconsin, USA
|Alma mater||Columbia University|
|Institutions||University of Wisconsin-Madison|
Hans Ris was born in Bern, Switzerland on 15 June 1914, where he also grew up. Inspired by the works of the French entomologist Jean Henri Fabre, he observed the habits of ants, wasps and bees. He came to America in 1938 to work with B.H. Willier at Rochester, New York. After receiving his doctorate at Columbia University he moved to Johns Hopkins and later to the laboratory of Alfred Mirsky at Rockefeller University, where he studied the structure of chromosomes. He then went to the zoology department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1949, where he started to work with electron microscopes. In 1972 he established the High Voltage Electron Microscopy (HVEM) laboratory within the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He retired at age 75, but remained Emeritus Investigator of the University of Wisconsin’s Integrated Microscopy Resource (IMR) and continued to work on high-resolution images of the nuclear pore complex.
Hans Ris Seminar SeriesEdit
The Laboratory of Optical and Computational Instrumentation (LOCI) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison hosts an annual seminar series honoring Ris, who oversaw the installation of one of the nation's first high-voltage electron microscopes in the former location of LOCI. Ris remained Emeritus Investigator of the IMR until his death in 2004.
Hans Ris Seminar Series Featured Speakers:
2018: Tatyana Svitkina; University of Pennsylvania
2017: Erik M. Jorgensen; University of Utah
2016: David H. Hall; Albert Einstein College
2015: Kent McDonald; UC Berkeley
2014: Wah Chiu; Baylor College of Medicine
2013: Thomas Müller-Reichert; Technische Universität Dresden
2012: Mark E. Ellisman; UC San Diego
- Mirsky, A. E., and Hans Ris. "Variable and constant components of chromosomes." Nature 163.4148 (1949): 666-666.
- Mirsky, A. E., and Hans Ris. "The desoxyribonucleic acid content of animal cells and its evolutionary significance." The Journal of general physiology 34.4 (1951): 451.
- Peterson, JOAN B., and Hans Ris. "Electron-microscopic study of the spindle and chromosome movement in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Journal of cell science 22.2 (1976): 219-242.
- Margulis, Lynn (Jun 2005). "Genophore, chromosomes and the bacterial origin of chloroplasts". International Microbiology. 8 (2): 145–148. Retrieved 2014-09-12.
- "Biographical Memoir" (PDF). National Academy of Sciences. 2011. Retrieved 2014-09-12.
- Lim, Roderick Y. H.; Aebi, Ueli; Stoffler, Daniel (10 Jan 2006). "From the trap to the basket: getting to the bottom of the nuclear pore complex" (PDF). Chromosoma. 115 (1): 15–26. doi:10.1007/s00412-005-0037-1. PMID 16402261.