Hans Ørberg

Hans Henning Ørberg (21 April 1920 – 17 February 2010) was a Danish linguist and teacher. He received a master's degree in English, French, and Latin at the University of Copenhagen and taught these languages in schools in Denmark. He was the author of Lingua Latīna Per Sē Illūstrāta,[a] a widely used method for learning Latin through the natural approach.

Hans Ørberg
Oerberg.JPG
Born21 April 1920 Edit this on Wikidata
Store Andst Edit this on Wikidata
Died17 February 2010 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 89)
Grenaa Edit this on Wikidata
OccupationLatinist Edit this on Wikidata

CareerEdit

From 1953 to 1961, Ørberg worked in the Naturmetodens Sproginstitut, an institute where languages are taught according to the "natural method" of learning. While there he created a new course in Latin: Lingua Latīna secundum nātūrae ratiōnem explicāta[b] published in 1955.[1] Besides the author's name, there are no non-Latin words in the book. The book has been revised a few times, including in 1983 and 1991; the title was also changed, to Lingua Latina per sē illūstrāta.[a][2] In his retirement, Ørberg directed the Domus Latīna[c] publishing house and gave lectures in Europe and the United States on the natural method.

Lingua Latīna Per Sē IllūstrātaEdit

Ørberg's Lingua Latīna Per Sē Illūstrāta[a] is based on the method of natural approach[3] or contextual induction.[4] In this method, the student, who needs no previous knowledge of Latin, begins with simple sentences, such as Rōma in Italiā est ("Rome is in Italy"). Words are always introduced in a context that reveals the meaning behind them, or they are explained in the margins of the text with images, Latin synonyms or antonyms, or short Latin definitions. Grammar is gradually made more complex until the student is reading unadapted Latin texts. Unusual for a Latin course, pronunciation and understanding, rather than translation, are stressed. A dictionary is not necessary in this system; because the textbooks are composed entirely in Latin, they can be used by speakers of many languages. The student is assumed to know the Latin alphabet and be familiar with a Romance language or English. The course consists of two parts: Familia Rōmāna[d] and Rōma Aeterna[e] along with a series of classic texts like Julius Caesar's Commentāriī dē Bellō Gallicō.[f] Using illustrations and modifications, these texts can be understood through context and by reference to words already learned.

Chapters consist of an illustrated and annotated reading followed by a concise and formal discussion of the grammar used in the chapter, as well as several Pēnsa, or exercises, that require the student to apply these grammatical concepts to selections from the chapter's reading. These exercises ask the student to manipulate the grammar of Latin sentences rather than to translate. Even the grammar discussions are entirely in Latin, grammatical terminology being introduced as necessary.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Latin language per se illustrated
  2. ^ Latin language explained by natural method
  3. ^ Latin House
  4. ^ Roman Family
  5. ^ Eternal Rome
  6. ^ Commentaries about the Gallic War

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dales, Jacques (1985). "Review of Lingua Latina per se illustrata". Latomus. Société d'Études Latines de Bruxelles. 44 (1): 251–252. ISSN 0023-8856 – via JSTOR.
  2. ^ Monat, P. (1993). "Review of Lingua Latina per se illustrata. Pars I. Familia Romana et Pars II. Roma aeterna". Latomus. 52 (1): 239–240. ISSN 0023-8856.
  3. ^ Schmid, Juliane (2015). Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata? Ørbergs Latein-Lehrbuch in der Schule (Thesis). ISBN 9783955497897.
  4. ^ Miraglia, Luigi; Brown, Christopher G. (2004). LATIN DOCEO : a companion for instructors. Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.; FOCUS Publishing/ R. PULLIN. p. 4. ISBN 1-58510-093-5. OCLC 1010272425.

External linksEdit