Hanro International GmbH, with headquarters in Götzis in Austria, produces lingerie, nightwear, and loungewear[1] for men and women. The company’s products can be found in almost 50 countries and are sold at specialty retailers, department stores, and its own 14 boutiques and outlet stores. The company was founded in 1884 in Liestal, Switzerland, by Albert Handschin. The Huber Group acquired the company in 1991.

Brand logo

HistoryEdit

1884 to 1945Edit

In 1884, Albert Handschin founded a hand-knitting company in Liestal.[2][3] Carl Ronus joined the company in 1895. The two entrepreneurs established a general partnership under the legal name Handschin & Ronus.[4] The company had 60 employees at that time.[3] In 1898, the company acquired the Benzbur property in Liestal. The production buildings there were ready for use a year later.[3] In 1911, growing demand allowed the opening of a second production facility in Büren, Solothurn.[3] The brand Hanro – a portmanteau of the surnames of the founders – was registered as a trademark in 1913.[5] Before World War I, the company produced and exported lingerie for women. The most important sales markets in the prewar years were in France, the United Kingdom, and the United States.[6]

During World War I, the company adjusted its product assortment and began to produce military underwear.[7] At the end of 1919, the owners converted the general partnership into a family-owned public limited company:[8] Hanro AG.[9] A subsidiary was established in Australia in 1926. As a result, 17 employees settled in Bendigo and began production with the machines that they had brought with them from Switzerland.[9][10][11] From the mid-1930s, the company expanded into beach and swimwear. Technological innovations (circular knitting machines) also allowed the company to move into outerwear.[12]

During World War II production and sales were difficult because materials were scarce, textiles were rationed, and fabrics were substituted.[13]

1945 to 1991Edit

Once the war was over, production was picked up again. This resulted in the recruitment of young women from Italy in 1947.[14] In the years that followed, the employment of these Italian women was considered a positive example in the history of Swiss labor migration.[15] From 1946 to 1958 production volume grew and the number of employees doubled to a total of 689. In the 1950s, Hanro sold its products in 45 countries.[13]

Hanro took over the textile company HIS & Co. KG in Murgenthal in 1963, resulting in the company Hanro Hisco AG.[16] Hanro sold its Australian subsidiary in the mid 1960s.[17][16] In 1970, Hanro Nova SA in Novazzano was founded as a subsidiary, right on the Italian border.[18] In 1972, the number of employees stood at 1,000.[19] A minority share in Hanro AG was acquired in 1973 by Traversina S. A., an investment company affiliated with Dubied & Cie. S. A.; however, more than four-fifths of the capital stock remained with the heirs of the founding families of Handschin and Ronus.[20] Hanro Hisco AG was closed three years later.[21] The 1970s proved to be a challenging decade for the company as a whole – like many production companies in Switzerland, Hanro suffered under the strong franc and relatively high wages, as well as from the duties that made export business more difficult.[22] In 1980, Hanro established a subsidiary near Dublin.[23] In the 1980s, the company increasingly focused on the manufacture of daywear and sleepwear.[24]

Since 1991Edit

 
The repurposed Hanro building in Liestal, is now the location of the Hanro Collection of Archäologie und Museum Baselland

In 1991, Huber Tricot acquired a 75% share in the company,[24] which until then had been managed as a family-run enterprise for three generations. At this time, the company had around 500 employees in Liestal, Novazzano, and Dublin.[25] Two years later, the remaining 25% was taken over.[24] From 1997 to 1999, production in Liestal was gradually discontinued in favor of the parent company. The Dublin production facility was sold in 1998.[26][27] Production in Novazzano ended in 2002.[28] Since 2004, the Hanro headquarters has been in Götzis, Austria, where the Huber Group is based.[29]

In the years since 2010, Hanro has once again been able to achieve the same export ratio the company once did when it was first founded. While over 50% of all products made were sold outside of Switzerland in 1973,[30] revenue from goods sold outside Austria was around 95% in 2012.[31]

The Canton of Baselland received the textile company’s collection in 2015. The collection comprises the company’s historical textiles and the operations archive. With this acquisition, the Hanro Collection became part of the cantonal collections of the Archäologie und Museum Baselland. [32][33][34]

A selection of the textiles and historical documents is available for online research on the Kulturgüterportal Baselland.[35]

Present day company and brandEdit

Integration and Hanro locationsEdit

 
Hanro Store in Beverly Hills (2017)

Hanro International GmbH is part of the Huber Group[36] and has five subsidiaries in Switzerland,[37] Germany,[38] France,[39] Italy,[40] and the United States.[41] Hanro Stores can be found in 12 cities around the world.[42] There are also two outlets in Switzerland.[43]

Product segments, production, and marketsEdit

Hanro is a producer of lingerie, sleepwear, and loungewear.[1] The products are considered high-quality.[44][5][45] 80% of the textiles are manufactured in the Arula production plant (Mäder, Vorarlberg), which belongs to Huber Holding; sewing takes place in Portugal, and the warehouse is in Hungary.[46] Products are sold in almost 50 countries.[47]

Brand profile and affiliated brandsEdit

Understated, simple, and high-quality[44] as well as "a timeless and classic design approach"[48] are characteristic of Hanro’s brand profile. In terms of their design, materials, finishing, and price point, Hanro’s products are and have virtually always been oriented towards the luxury, high-end market.[49][44]

The affiliated brands in the Huber Group are Skiny, Huber, and HOM.[50]

Films and awardsEdit

FilmsEdit

Lingerie by Hanro has played a role in certain movie scenes.[51] In the film The Seven Year Itch (1955) Marilyn Monroe wore Hanro lingerie in the iconic scene where she stands over the subway grate.[34] Nicole Kidman was shown in a white Hanro camisole top in Eyes Wide Shut (1999).[52][53] Dakota Johnson wore a pair of the brand’s white cotton briefs in Fifty Shades of Grey (2015).[54]

AwardsEdit

At the Exposition Universelle (1889) in Paris, five years after the founding of the company, Handschin was awarded a silver medal by the French Ministère du Commerce de l’Industrie et des Colonies.[3]

In 1994 in London, Hanro won a packaging competition for the products in the Streck Feeling line.[55]

Hanro was named Designer of the Year in 2016 at the Salon International de Lingerie specialist trade fair.[47]

AnnexEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Ulrike Langbein: Allerweltszeug. Kulturanthropologische Perspektiven auf Kleidung, modellierte Menschen und die Sammlung der Hanro AG (1884-2012). In: Schweizerisches Archiv für Volkskunde, Volume 112 (2016), Booklet 1, p. 6–23 (digital version).
  • Lothar Peters, Ursula Kyburz, Birgit Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion. Hanro AG, Rorschacherberg 2001.
  • Hanro. 1884–1959. Hanro AG, Liestal 1959.

NotesEdit

  • Hanro Firmengeschichte 1884–1970; undated, no publication location (Typescript. Memories of the Hanro company CEO Eric Handschin (1913-1983), second patron generation). Hanro Collection Liestal, Aktenarchiv Signatur 39-6 (digital version in the Internet Archive.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b See explanation on Merriam-Webster, retrieved on 15 March 2021.
  2. ^ Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 6, p. 11 and p. 150.
  3. ^ a b c d e Felix Erbacher: Die Liestaler Modemacher. Wie die Unternehmer Albert Handschin und Carl Ronus die Weltmarke Hanro schufen. In: Basler Zeitung, 27 Januar 2014 (in German).
  4. ^ Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 11 and p. 150
  5. ^ a b Renate Platen: Das Potenzial des Schweizer Erbes. Die Wäschemarke Hanro geht im Jubiläumsjahr auf Weltreise. In: Textilwirtschaft, 7 May 2009 (in German).
  6. ^ Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 11 und p. 20.
  7. ^ Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 28.
  8. ^ On the term Familienaktiengesellschaft, please see the corresponding entry in Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon. retrieved on 15 March 2021 (in German).
  9. ^ a b Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 152.
  10. ^ Manuela Nipp: Eric Handschin. In: Personenlexikon des Kantons Basel-Landschaft. Retrieved on 15 March 2021 (in German).
  11. ^ Liestal – Australien retour. In: Liestal Aktuell, No. 697. 8 September 2005, Retrieved on 15 March 2021 (in German).
  12. ^ Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 48 und p. 152.
  13. ^ a b Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 153.
  14. ^ Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 72.
  15. ^ Andreas Hirsbrunner: Nach erstem Schock kam es gut. Liestal Ausstellung widmet sich Italienerinnen bei der Hanro. Kurator erzählt bz noch mehr. In: Die Nordwestschweiz, 16 May 2017 (in German).
  16. ^ a b Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 154.
  17. ^ GML Heritage Victoria P/L (trading as Context) (April 2020). Bendigo City Centre Heritage Study Stage 1, Volume 2: Individually Significant Places, Final report (PDF) (Report). p. 42. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  18. ^ Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 110.
  19. ^ Hanro spürt Paritätsänderungen. In: Finanz und Wirtschaft, 3 March 1973 (in German).
  20. ^ Hanro AG, Liestal. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 22 June 1973 (in German).
  21. ^ Ethnologie, Archäologie und Museum Baselland. "Hosenensemble, für Damen, (Firmennachlass Hisco, Murgenthal) Hanro Liestal" [Pants ensemble, for ladies, (company estate Hisco, Murgenthal) Hanro Liestal] (in German). Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  22. ^ Leif Simonsen: Liestal verliert letzten Glamour. In: Mittelland Zeitung, 24 January 2016 (in German).
  23. ^ Stoßrichtung heißt DOB und Tragwäsche. In: Textilwirtschaft, 23 October 1980 (in German).
  24. ^ a b c Peters, Kyburz, Liesenklas: Hanro – The Story of Passion, p. 155.
  25. ^ Huber Tricot übernimmt Mehrheit an Hanro. In: Handelsblatt, 3 December 1991 (in German).
  26. ^ Hanro. In: Basler Zeitung, 11 September 1997 (in German).
  27. ^ Max Gürtler: Hanro: Konzentration auf Marketing und Vertrieb. In: Basler Zeitung, 22 January 1999 (in German).
  28. ^ Hanro Nova am Ende. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 29 May 2002 (in German).
  29. ^ Renate Platen: Hanro schafft die Hürde. In: Textilwirtschaft, 28 October 2004 (in German).
  30. ^ Schwierigkeiten der Hanro mit Wollpreisen und Wechselkursen. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 2 March 1973 (in German).
  31. ^ Renate Platen: Hanro wächst rasant, Skiny Läden auf Eis. In: Textilwirtschaft, 26 January 2012 (in German).
  32. ^ Museum website, retrieved on 16 March 2021.
  33. ^ "Baselland erhält Sammlung des Textilunternehmens Hanro". Radio FM1 (in German). 2013-11-26.
  34. ^ a b Der Kanton erhält wertvolle Unterhosen und vieles mehr. In: Die Nordwestschweiz, 17 January 2015 (in German).
  35. ^ Website of KIM.bl – Museumsverbund Baselland, retrieved on 15 March 2021.
  36. ^ Anja Probe: Wäsche-Retail: Hanro eröffnet Store in Dubai. In: Textilwirtschaft (online), 25 October 2018 (in German).
  37. ^ Hanro AG with the present registered office in Opfikon, see Leif Simonsen: Liestal verliert letzten Glamour. In: Mittelland Zeitung, 24 January 2016 (in German).
  38. ^ For Hanro Deutschland GmbH see Unternehmensinfo Kompakt (Crefonummer 5050415375) of Creditreform, Status: 15 February 2021
  39. ^ For Hanro France see the information (in French) on societe.com, retrieved on 15 March 2021.
  40. ^ For Hanro Italia SRL Uninominale, see the information (in Italian) at informazione-aziende.it, retrieved on 16 March 2021.
  41. ^ For Hanro USA Inc., see data on bloomberg.com, retrieved on 16 March 2021.
  42. ^ See the information on the stores on the company website, retrieved on 16 March 2021.
  43. ^ Liestal: Adresses according to fabrikladen.net, retrieved on 19 January 2021. Moreover, for Mendrisio, see the address in the Yelp portal, retrieved on 19 January 2021.
  44. ^ a b c Renate Platen/Alexandra von Richthofen: Mehr Mode und mehr Til. Der Wäschekonzern Huber stellt sich mit seinen Marken Huber, Hanro und Skiny internationaler auf. In: Textilwirtschaft, 12 April 2007 (in German).
  45. ^ Stoffe liefern den Stoff. Forschungsarbeit zur regionalen Textilindustrie. Archiv der Schweizer Firma Hanro als Basis. In: Südkurier, 29 April 2014 (in German).
  46. ^ See the information (in German) on the relevant subpages of the company website on sustainability and production as well as on locations, all retrieved on 21 Dezember 2020.
  47. ^ a b Hanro ist Designer of the Year 2016. In: Textilwirtschaft (online), 23 Dezember 2015 (in German).
  48. ^ Eva Mackensen: Warm ums Herz. Die schönste Unterwäsche für den Winter kommt aus den Alpen – und wird dort bis heute handgefertigt. In: Euro, 21 Dezember 2016 (in German).
  49. ^ Ulrike Langbein: Allerweltszeug, p. 9 and p. 16.
  50. ^ Details zum Sanierungsplan der Huber-Gruppe: „Sicherer Basis-Umsatz“. In: Textilwirtschaft (online), 29 May 2020 (in German).
  51. ^ Ulrike Langbein: Allerweltszeug, p. 10.
  52. ^ Seit „Eyes Wide Shut“ läuft, sind Hanro-Dessous absolut in. Kino-Film macht Hemdchen zum Klassiker. In: Die Welt, 16 Oktober 1999 (in German).
  53. ^ Bernadette Calonego: Glücksfall „Eyes wide shut“. Hollywood-Film bringt Nachfrage-Schub für Schweizer Wäschehersteller. In: Südkurier, 30 October 1999 (in German).
  54. ^ 50 Shades of grey: Anastasia trägt Hanro. In: Textilwirtschaft (online), 16 February 2015 (in German).
  55. ^ "Trophäe, geflügelte Figur auf Sockel, International Advertising Awards Packing Design Winner 1994 (Hanro)". Kimweb.ch (in German).

External linksEdit