Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete

Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete (Ottoman Turkish: Newspaper for Ladies) was an Ottoman women's magazine which was published in Istanbul from 1895 to 1908. It was one of the long-term publications in the Ottoman Empire which shaped the literary traditions of the Ottoman women.[1] However, due to the intensive censorship during the reign of Sultan Abdulhamit the magazine mostly featured conventional topics.

Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete
CategoriesWomen's magazine
Frequency
  • Biweekly
  • Weekly
PublisherIbn Hakkı Mehmet Tahir
Founded1895
First issue31 August 1895
Final issue
Number
13 August 1908
624
CountryOttoman Empire
Based inIstanbul
LanguageOttoman Turkish

History and profileEdit

Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete was first published on 19 August 1895.[1] At the initial phase it appeared biweekly, and from the fifty-second issue it became a weekly publication.[2][3] The license holder and editor of the magazine was Ibn Hakkı Mehmet Tahir who also owned a newspaper, Tarık.[3] Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete was the sole Ottoman women's magazine which had an editorial board, including Makbule Leman, Nigar Osman Hanım, Fatma Şadiye, Mustafa Asım, Faik Ali, Talat Ali and Gülistan İsmet.[1][3] Each of them also served as the editor-in-chief of the magazine.[4] Later the administration of the magazine was assumed by Fatma Şadiye, wife of Mehmet Tahir.[5]

Its target audience was Muslim women from the upper classes.[3] The magazine covered a range of topics, including education, family, household management, child-rearing, hygiene, health, beauty, embroidery, leisure and fashion.[6] It also featured articles about the women's rights.[1] The magazine was a supporter of Sultan Abdulhamit.[3] Major contributors were the sisters, Fatma Aliye and Emine Semiye.[3][7] Of them Fatma Aliye published an editorial column in the magazine from its start in 1895 to its closure in 1908.[8]

The magazine produced several supplements such as Hanım Kızlara Mahsus targeting female youth and Hanımlara Mahsus Kütüphane, a literary supplement.[9] It contributed to the charity organizations designed to assist women through the donations from its sales.[9] Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete ended publication with the last issue dated 13 August 1908 and produced 624 issues during its lifetime.[3][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Hülya Yıldız (2018). "Rethinking the political: Ottoman women as feminist subjects". Journal of Gender Studies. 27 (2): 180. doi:10.1080/09589236.2016.1188689.
  2. ^ Badegül Eren Aydınlık; Seyfi Kenan (2021). "Between men, time and the state: education of girls during the Late Ottoman Empire (1859–1908)". Paedagogica Historica. 57 (4): 411. doi:10.1080/00309230.2019.1660386.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Ayşe Zeren Enis (2012). Everyday Lives of Ottoman Muslim Women: Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete (Newspaper for Ladies) (1895-1908) (MA thesis). Boğaziçi University. pp. 115–130.
  4. ^ Feride Yüzer (2016). "Osmanlı Basın Hayatında Mehmet Tahir Bey ve Çarşaf Meselesi Risalesi". NEU Ilahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (in Turkish). 42: 333.
  5. ^ Vuslat Devrim Altınöz (2003). The Ottoman Women's Movement: Women's Press, Journals, Magazines and Newspapers from 1875 to 1923 (MA thesis). Miami University. p. 13.
  6. ^ Onur İnal (June 2011). "Women's Fashions in Transition: Ottoman Borderlands and the Anglo-Ottoman Exchange of Costumes". Journal of World History. 22 (2): 267. doi:10.1353/jwh.2011.0058.
  7. ^ Elif Akşit (2016). "Being a Girl in Ottoman Novels". In Suraiya Faroqhi; Halil İnalcık; Boğaç Ergene (eds.). Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire and After. Politics, Society and Economy. Leiden; Boston, MA: Brill. p. 103. ISBN 978-90-04-29312-0.
  8. ^ Serpil Çakır (2006). "Aliye, Fatma (1862–1936)". In Anna Loutfi; et al. (eds.). A Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms. Budapest; New York: Central European University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-963-7326-39-4.
  9. ^ a b Valerie Margaret Smallwood (2002). Women's education in Turkey (1860-1950) and its impact upon journalism and women's journals (PhD thesis). SOAS, London University. p. 116. ProQuest 1952266665.
  10. ^ George W. Gawrych (2010). "Şemseddin Sami, Women, and Social Conscience in the Late Ottoman Empire". Middle Eastern Studies. 46 (1): 107. doi:10.1080/00263200903432282.

External linksEdit