Hammersmith North (UK Parliament constituency)
Hammersmith North was a borough constituency in the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith in West London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|County||1918–1965: County of London|
1965–1983: Greater London
|Number of members||One|
The constituency was created when the Hammersmith constituency was divided for the 1918 general election. It was abolished for the 1983 general election when it was partly replaced by a new Hammersmith constituency.
In its early years the constituency regularly changed hands between Labour and the Conservatives, but it was a Labour seat from a by-election in 1934 until its abolition in 1983.
The original boundaries were used until the 1950 general election. The wards of the metropolitan borough had been redrawn since 1918, and the seat was redefined by the Representation of the People Act 1948 as comprising six wards: College Park & Latimer, Coningham, Old Oak, Starch Green, White City and Wormholt.
The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 allowed for periodic reviews of constituency boundaries. Seats in the two metropolitan boroughs of Hammersmith and Fulham were redrawn prior to the 1955 general election. The neighbouring seat of Hammersmith South was abolished and the three wards of Addison, Olympia and St. Stephen's were transferred to the North constituency.
The last redrawing of the boundaries of the constituency took place prior to the February 1974 election. In 1965 the former metropolitan borough had become part of the larger London Borough of Hammersmith, and the seat was defined as consisting of ten wards of the London Borough, namely: Addison, Broadway, Brook Green, College Park & Old Oak, Coningham, Grove, St. Stephen's, Starch Green, White City and Wormholt.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1918||Sir Henry Foreman||Coalition Conservative|
|1926 by-election||James Gardner||Labour|
|1934 by-election||Fielding West||Labour|
|1949||Labour Independent Group|
|1983||constituency abolished : see Hammersmith|
Election in the 1910sEdit
|National||James C Walker||2,075||16.7||N/A|
|Labour||Christopher Roland Morden||2,048||16.4||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Election in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Frederick L Coysh||4,278||23.9||+3.5|
|Liberal||Frederick L. Coysh||4,374||22.2||−1.7|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+10.4|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+6.2|
|Liberal||George Paton Murfitt||1,974||8.0||N/A|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+11.5|
|Unionist||(Harold Richard) Marshall Hays||13,744||43.8||−10.3|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+10.3|
Election in the 1930sEdit
|New Party||R. E. N. Braden||431||1.4|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Conservative||C. P. Davis||10,747||41.9|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Election in the 1940sEdit
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
|Independent Labour||D.N. Pritt||18,845||63.8||n/a|
|Independent Labour gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Independent Labour||D.N. Pritt||6,457||25.16|
|Liberal||Hyman Mark Pick||1,402||4.17|
|Labour gain from Independent Labour||Swing|
|Conservative||William David Armstrong Bagnell||14,662||40.65|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Liberal||Simon Harold John Arthur Knott||7,460||19.45|
|Liberal||Simon Harold John Arthur Knott||5,200||15.37|
|Liberal||Simon Harold John Arthur Knott||4,147||11.59|
|National Front||R Pearse||462||1.29|
|Workers Revolutionary||C Stewart||193||0.54|
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
- Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 743–746. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
- "General Election 1924 - Full Polling Results". The Times. 13 January 1924. p. i.
- "North Hammersmith Result. Labour Majority of 3,611". The Times. 29 May 1926. p. 12.
- "General Election 1929 - Results in Detail". The Times. 10 June 1929. p. i.
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939