Hamgyong Province (Korean pronunciation: [ham.ɡjʌŋ.do]) was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Hamgyŏng was located in the northeast of Korea. The provincial capital was Hamhŭng.
|• Revised Romanization||Hamgyeong-do|
|Country||Kingdom of Great Joseon|
|Region||Kwanbuk (north), Kwannam (south)|
The province was first established as Yonggil (Korean: 영길, 永吉, Yŏnggil) in 1413. It was renamed Hamgil (함길, 咸吉) three years later. In 1470, it was renamed Yongan (영안, 永安, Yŏngan). In 1509, it was renamed Hamgyong after its two principal cities, Hamhung (함흥, 咸興, Hamhŭng, "Complete Success") and Kyongsong (경성, 鏡城, Kyŏngsŏng, "Mirror," "Clear," or "Perceptive City").
Within Korea, the province was also referred to by the regional name Kwanbuk ("North of the Ridge"). On occasion, the southern half of the province was included in "Kwannam", with "Kwanbuk" referring only to the northern half.
Korea's northeastern frontier was first organized into the province of Yonggil in 1413.
In 1896, Kyŏngsŏng District was reorganized into North Hamgyŏng Province, and Kapsan and Hamhŭng Districts were reorganized into South Hamgyŏng Province. These divisions continue in present-day North Korea.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394. ,
- Regis, Jean-Baptiste (1747), "A Description of Korea, Eastern Tartary, and Tibet", in Astley, Thomas; et al. (eds.), A New General Collection of Voyages and Travels..., Vol. IV, London: Thomas Astley.