Hajigabul District

Hajigabul District (Azerbaijani: Hacıqabul rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the east of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Kurdamir, Agsu, Shamakhi, Gobustan, Absheron, Baku, Salyan, Sabirabad and the city of Shirvan. Its capital and largest city is Hajigabul. As of 2020, the district had a population of 76,600.[2]

Hajigabul District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Hajigabul District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Hajigabul District
Country Azerbaijan
RegionAran
Established24 April 1990
CapitalHajigabul
Settlements[1]31
Area
 • Total1,600 km2 (600 sq mi)
Population
 • Total77 027
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Postal code
2400
Websitehaciqabul-ih.gov.az

HistoryEdit

Hajigabul district located on the Silk Road, was part of the Arab Caliphate, Seljuk, Sacids, Hulakids, Shirvanshahs, Safavids at different times. During the division of the State into the Khanates, the district was included in the Shamakhi khanate. After joining of North Azerbaijan to Tsardom of Russia,[3] it was included in Shamakhi Uyezd of Caspian province which was established in 1830.[4] After the abolition of the Caspian province in 1841, it was included in the Shamakhi governorate. After the devastating earthquake in 1859 in Shamakhi, the capital of the governorate was moved to Baku. In 1860 - 1930, Hajigabul was part of the Shamakhi Uyezd in the Baku province. On August 8, 1930, Uyezd was abolished and as a result of this, the new Garasu was established. Since November 29, 1938, city status has been awarded to Hajigabul.[5][6]

DivisionsEdit

There are 31 populated areas. One of them is a city, 1 city-like settlement, 4 settlements and 25 villages. There are 15 administrative-territorial units, 5 medical institutions and 55 cultural centres. The Pirsaat River and Prsaat valley is located in this region.[7]

PopulationEdit

According to the report of the Statistical Committee of the republic, the number population is 74,7 thousand at the beginning of 2018. 37,4 thousand of them live in urban areas, 37,3 thousand people in rural areas.[8]

Population of Hajigabul by the year (at the beginning of the year, thsd. persons) [9]
Population 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Hajigabul region 57,9 58,5 59,1 59,7 60,2 60,7 61,7 63,0 63,9 64,8 65,7 66,5 67,3 68,3 69,1 70,1 71,2 72,5 73,6 74,7
urban areas 26,4 26,8 27,1 27,3 27,6 31,7 32,2 32,6 33,0 33,4 33,8 34,1 34,5 34,8 35,2 35,5 36,0 36,5 37,0 37,4
rural areas 31,5 31,7 32,0 32,4 32,6 29,0 29,5 30,4 30,9 31,4 31,9 32,4 32,8 33,5 33,9 34,6 35,2 36,0 36,6 37,3

EconomyEdit

The Baku-Tbilisi railway and 82 km of the Silk Road pass through the region. Over 35 state and private institutions operate in Hajigabul. The largest of these institutions is the Department of the operation of Kura Water pipelines. It was opened in 1971. It provides the surrounding areas and capital of country with drinking water. The Gas Pipeline Production Department and the "Kalmaz" Underground Gas Storage meet the natural gas demand of the Republic. Railway institution operates in the district. Poultry farms named "Adishirin" and "Pirsaat" meet the egg demand of Hajigabul and nearby areas. Both farms have been operating since the independence period.[10] Although the economy of the region is based on agriculture, recently an automobile plant put into operation in Hajigabul Industrial Estate based on the cooperation between Russian Gas Group and Azermash OJSC. Additionally, according to the order of the president of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated 2017, an industrial district will be established in Hajigabul which is considered to develop and regulated by Azerbaijan Investment Company OJSC.[11][12]

AgricultureEdit

Agriculture plays key role in the economy of district which includes livestock, grain growing, cotton growing, horticulture and especially melon and watermelon growing.[13]

Agriculture
2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total area of sown agricultural crops (ha)                   
Cereals and cereal legumes 9171 12377 12689 12919 14179 15216
Including wheat 4730 6288 6415 6475 7130 7478
Cotton - - - - 526 1204
Sugar beet - - - - 160 556
Sunflower for seed production 24 78 75 49 - -
Potato - 38 38 39 40 42
Vegetables 520 728 761 776 781 442
Horticulture 1038 1618 1579 1572 1572 828
Fruit and berry 1303 1431 1431 1431 1437 1437
Grape 98 115 115 115 115 115
Productivity (in all categories of farming), ton
Cereals and cereal legumes 26874 37010 37909 44146 51241 50329
Including wheat 16110 21865 22213 24735 25922 24136
Cotton - - - - 800 1000
Sugar beet - - - - 5400 22821
Sunflower for seed production 29 103 102 67 - -
Potato - 417 418 428 451 461
Vegetables 13540 18959 19818 20216 20431 7295
Horticulture 15258 23882 23306 23306 23428 11675
Fruit and berry 5850 10997 11051 11057 11205 11314
Grape 180 252 253 264 261 262
Productivity (in all categories of farming), centner / ha
Cereals and cereal legumes 29.3 29.9 29.9 34.2 34.8 32.9
Including wheat 34.1 34.8 34.6 38.2 36.4 32.3
Cotton - - - - 15.2 8.3
Sugar beet - - - - 388 459
Sunflower for seed production 12.1 13.2 13.6 13.7 - -
Potato - 110 110 110 110 110
Vegetables 260 260 260 260 260 157
Horticulture 147 148 148 148 148 141
Fruit and berry 47.8 80.8 81.2 81.2 78.8 80.2
Grape 21.2 29.1 29.1 29.1 22.8 22.8
Number of Livestock (in total)
Cattle 35163 37241 37508 37819 38414 38798
Including cow and buffalo 14948 15675 15858 15990 16245 16424
Sheep and goats 124600 132325 133765 134838 135956 136906
Birds 1377872 2870130 3632510 4637392 3414135 3798969
Production of animal products, ton
Meat 2817 3418 5777 5984 6175 5360
Milk 13800 17168 17172 17217 17242 17253
Eggs 113480 280355 327071 331199 327143 350497
Wool 206 223 224 225 225 228

GeographyEdit

Hajigabul district mainly is located in the Shirvan plain and it is below sea level. The Neocene and Anthropogenic sediments cover the surface of the plain. The soil of the region is composed of grey-brown, grey-meadow, saline soils. Like other regions of Aran Economic region, it is also possible to encounter mud volcanoes in the Hajigabul district. Oil, gas, clay and oak are the main minerals of the region. The river system is very sparse due to its climate. The Kur and Pirsaat rivers, Hajigabul Lake are the major water sources are in the territory of the region. The vegetation is half-desert type. The gazelles, the red-tailed sandwiches, the turtle, the turquoise and the pigeon are the typical animals of the district.[14][15]

ClimateEdit

Hajigabul district has a dry subtropical climate with hot summers and cool winters, with some to minimal precipitation. The level of precipitation heavily depends on seasonality so that the region receives considerably more rains during the winter period rather than in the summertime. The average temperature is 2 °C in January and 26 °C in July, respectively.[16]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). preslib.az. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ "History of Azerbaijan" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Hacıqabul rayonunun tarixi" [History of Hajigabul district]. haciqabul-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  5. ^ "Hajigabul district". Official webpage of Azerbaijan National Library (in Azerbaijani).
  6. ^ "Library branch#1 of Hajigabul region". cls.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  7. ^ "Villages of Hajigabul".
  8. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Economic and administrative regions and towns- Population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of 2018".
  9. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Economic and administrative regions and towns - Population by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan".
  10. ^ "Information on the administrative-territorial unit: Hajygabul". Archived from the original on 2019-01-17. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  11. ^ "The foundation of the automobile plant in Hajigabul Industrial Estate was laid".
  12. ^ "Socio-economic development of the regions" (PDF).
  13. ^ "Hacıqabul rayonu".
  14. ^ "Geography".
  15. ^ "Kur-Araz natural-economic zones. Aran (Kur-Araz) economic region".
  16. ^ "The climate of Azerbaijan".

Coordinates: 40°02′17″N 48°56′13″E / 40.037999°N 48.937038°E / 40.037999; 48.937038