Hadley Center Historic District

The Hadley Center Historic District is an expansive, 2,500-acre (1,000 ha) historic district encompassing the village center of Hadley, Massachusetts. When it was first listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, the district encompassed the town green and 17 buildings that faced it, at the junction of Russell Street (Massachusetts Route 9) and Middle Street (Massachusetts Route 47).[2] The district was expanded significantly in 1994, adding more than 400 buildings representative of the village's growth from colonial days into the first decades of the 20th century. This expansion encompasses the entirety of a tongue of land extending west from East Street and bounded by a bend in the Connecticut River, which separates Hadley from Northampton. Its oldest property, the Samuel Porter House on West Street, was built in 1713.[3]

Hadley Center Historic District
First Congregational Church, Hadley MA.jpg
First Congregational Church
Hadley Center Historic District is located in Massachusetts
Hadley Center Historic District
Hadley Center Historic District is located in the United States
Hadley Center Historic District
LocationHadley, Massachusetts
Coordinates42°20′28″N 72°35′22″W / 42.34111°N 72.58944°W / 42.34111; -72.58944Coordinates: 42°20′28″N 72°35′22″W / 42.34111°N 72.58944°W / 42.34111; -72.58944
Area15 acres (6.1 ha) (original)
2,500 acres (1,000 ha) (after increase)
Built1775
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural styleMid 19th Century Revival, Early Republic, Colonial Revival
NRHP reference No.77000185 (original)
88000513 [1] (increase)
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 2, 1977
Boundary increaseJanuary 14, 1994

Hadley was settled in 1659 and incorporated as a town in 1661. The land use patterns laid out at that time are still evident in the area surrounding the town center. The agricultural areas of the tongue of land in the Connecticut River floodplain were laid out in narrow strips, generally oriented north-south, which still dominate land ownership and usage patterns. Its major roads, including Russell, East, Middle, and West Streets, were laid out around this time, and were where houses and civic institutions were built. Bay Road, formerly a Native American trail, was the major road heading east from the river. The town grew slowly until the early 19th century, when it was joined to Northampton by a bridge over the Connecticut River. It remained agricultural, with a few cottage industries, with tobacco a major 19th-century crop before market gardens came to dominate in the early 20th century. The town center's architecture is reflective of its slow growth, with instances of architectural styles spanning more than three centuries.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ "NRHP nomination for Hadley Center Historic District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2013-12-18.
  3. ^ a b "NRHP nomination for Hadley Center Historic District Boundary Increase". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2013-12-18.