Hacienda Kancabchén (Homún)

Hacienda Kancabchén is located in the Homún Municipality in the state of Yucatán in southeastern Mexico. It is one of the properties that arose during the nineteenth century henequen boom. There are numerous other properties of this name in the Yucatán including Hacienda Kancabchén in Baca, Hacienda Kancabchén (Halachó), Hacienda Kancabchén (Motul), Hacienda Kankabchén (Seyé), Hacienda Kankabchén (Tixkokob), Hacienda Kancabchén (Tunkás), Hacienda Kancabchén Ucí and Hacienda Kancabchén de Valencia.

Hacienda Kancabchén
Hacienda Kancabchén is located in Mexico
Hacienda Kancabchén
Hacienda Kancabchén
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°44′55″N 89°16′25″W / 20.74861°N 89.27361°W / 20.74861; -89.27361Coordinates: 20°44′55″N 89°16′25″W / 20.74861°N 89.27361°W / 20.74861; -89.27361
CountryMexico
Mexican StatesYucatán
MunicipalitiesHomún
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
97584[1]
Area code988[2]

ToponymyEdit

The name (Kancabchén) is a word from the Mayan language meaning the well of the red ground.[3]

How to get thereEdit

Go east out of Mérida on highway 180 approximately 42 km to the exit for the town of Hoctun. Head south approximately 35 km though the towns of Xocchel, Sahcabá, Huhí to Zavala. At Zavala turn southwest on Calle 8 and follow the road approximately 6 km to Hacienda Kancabchén.[4]

HistoryEdit

In 1939 the name changed from Kancabchén to Chan Kancabchén; in 1970, it changed again to Kanka-Chen; and in 1990 it returned to Kancabchén.

DemographicsEdit

All of the henequen plantations ceased to exist as autonomous communities with the agrarian land reform implemented by President Lazaro Cardenas in 1937. His decree turned the haciendas into collective ejidos, leaving only 150 hectares to the former landowners for use as private property.[5] Figures before 1937 indicate populations living on the farm. After 1937, figures indicate those living in the community, as the remaining Hacienda Kancabchén houses only the owner's immediate family.

According to the 2005 census conducted by the INEGI, the population of the city was 11 inhabitants.[6]

Population of Kancabchén by year
Year 1900 1910 1921 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 2000 2005
Population 3 0 0 ? ? 6 25 6 26 22 0 ? 11

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Consulta Códigos Postales". Servicio Postal Mexicano. Correos de México. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Yucatan Mexico Telephone Area Codes". Travel Yucatan. Travel Yucatan. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Hacienda Kancabchén". Haciendas en Yucatan. Gobierno del Estado de Yucatán. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Kancabchén". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  5. ^ Joseph, Gilbert Michael (1988). Revolution from without : Yucatán, Mexico, and the United States, 1880-1924 (Pbk. ed.). Durham: Duke University Press. p. 292. ISBN 0-8223-0822-3. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Principales resultados por localidad (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2015.

BibliographyEdit

  • Bracamonte, P and Solís, R., Los espacios de autonomía maya, Ed. UADY, Mérida, 1997.
  • Gobierno del Estado de Yucatán, "Los municipios de Yucatán", 1988.
  • Kurjack, Edward y Silvia Garza, Atlas arqueológico del Estado de Yucatán, Ed. INAH, 1980.
  • Patch, Robert, La formación de las estancias y haciendas en Yucatán durante la colonia, Ed. UADY, 1976.
  • Peón Ancona, J. F., "Las antiguas haciendas de Yucatán", en Diario de Yucatán, Mérida, 1971.