HMS Triumph is a Trafalgar-class nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy and was the seventh and final boat of her class. She is the nineteenth nuclear-powered hunter-killer submarine built for the Royal Navy. Triumph is the tenth vessel, and the second submarine to bear the name. The first HMS Triumph was a 68-gun galleon built in 1561.
HMS Triumph (S93) in the Middle East, 2012
|Ordered||3 July 1986|
|Builder||Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness|
|Laid down||2 February 1987|
|Launched||16 February 1991|
|Sponsored by||Mrs. Ann Hamilton|
|Commissioned||2 October 1991|
|Homeport||HMNB Devonport, Plymouth|
|Status||In active service|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type||Trafalgar-class submarine|
|Length||85.4 m (280 ft)|
|Beam||9.8 m (32 ft)|
|Draught||9.5 m (31 ft)|
|Speed||Over 30 knots (56 km/h), submerged|
|Electronic warfare |
Triumph was laid down in 1987 by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Limited. One year previously, a mistake by senior management and changing shipbuilding methods meant that the Vickers shipyard in Barrow-in-Furness accidentally welded part of the submarine in an upside-down position. This was later corrected, and the ship was launched in February 1991 by Mrs. Ann Hamilton, wife of the then Armed Forces Minister Archie Hamilton. She was commissioned in October that same year.
In 2005, Triumph began a £300 million nuclear refuel and refitting period which also saw the installation of an updated 2076 bow, flank and towed array sonar and a new command and control system. The boat rejoined the fleet in June 2010 and is due to be the last of the Trafalgar-class submarines to be decommissioned. Following the Integrated Review of 2020, her service has been extended by 18 months, now to continue until the end of 2024.
Triumph was due to move to Her Majesty's Naval Base Clyde in 2020.
Triumph sailed to Australia in 1993, travelling 41,000 miles (66,000 km) submerged without support—the longest solo deployment so far by a Royal Navy nuclear submarine. In that same year, author Tom Clancy published a book called Submarine: a Guided Tour Inside a Nuclear Warship which was centred around Triumph and USS Miami.
War in AfghanistanEdit
After the 9/11 attacks in the USA, Triumph, along with her sister-ship Trafalgar, formed part of a task group in 2001 as part of the American-led invasion of Afghanistan, Britain's contribution being known as Operation Veritas.
During Operation Veritas, Triumph launched Tomahawk missiles at targets inside Afghanistan. When Triumph returned home after operations had ended, the boat flew the Jolly Roger, the traditional way of denoting live weapons had been fired.
On 19 November 2000, Triumph ran aground travelling at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) and at a depth of 200 metres while off the western Scottish coast. The boat surfaced in a safe and controlled fashion. She was under the command of trainee officers and an investigation attributed the grounding to poor navigation. Triumph suffered only superficial damage.
Triumph was also featured in the TV programme "How to Command a Nuclear Submarine" in 2011 in which trainee commanding officers are shown on the Navy's "Perisher Course".
In March 2011, she participated in Operation Ellamy, firing Tomahawk cruise missiles on 19 March 20 March and again on 24 March at Libyan air defence targets. One of these strikes hit a command and control centre in Colonel Gaddafi's presidential compound. Triumph returned to Devonport on 3 April 2011 flying a Jolly Roger adorned with six small tomahawk axes to indicate the missiles fired by the submarine in the operation.
Eleven weeks later on 20 June upon her return to Devonport, in the interim having deployed for a second deployment in the Mediterranean and relieving HMS Turbulent, she once again flew the Jolly Roger adorned with tomahawks, indicating that further cruise missile strikes had taken place in Libya as part of the ongoing operations there. Analysts believe that in total more than 15 cruise missiles were fired by the submarine during the operations.
In November 2011, Triumph sailed from her home port in Devonport for a seven-month deployment that will see her away from the UK until summer 2012. The deployment will see her operate in a wide range of locations including the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.
It was reported in May 2013 that her refit was completed and that she has returned to operational duties.
Home port and affiliationsEdit
Triumph is part of the Devonport Flotilla based at Devonport.
She is currently affiliated with:
- Blackpool Borough Council
- Newton Abbot Town Council
- The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
- Sussex University Royal Naval Unit
- Worshipful Company of Upholders
- TS Exmouth Sea Cadet Unit
- TS Amazon Sea Cadet Unit
- 1322 (Newton Abbot) Squadron Air Training Corps
- The Royal Naval Association (Newton Abbot Branch)
- The Royal British Legion (Newton Abbot Branch)
- Bush, Steve (2014). British Warships and Auxiliaries. Maritime Books. p. 12. ISBN 1904459552.
- "Trafalgar Class". Royal Navy. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
-  Archived 20 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- AP (10 April 1988). "Upside-down submarine section embarrassing". JOC.com. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- "The Defence Command Paper and the future of the Royal Navy". Navy Lookout. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- "Ministry of Defence confirms future submarine basing plan - News stories - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
- "HMS Triumph returns from Libya operations". GOV.UK. 4 April 2011.
- "Home and away over Christmas". Navy News. 24 December 2001.
-  Archived 5 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Nick Hopkins (20 March 2011). "Air strikes clear the skies but leave endgame uncertain". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
- "Missiles target Libyan air defences". Navy News. 21 March 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
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- "No end in sight as RAF marks 100 days over Libya". BBC News. 4 October 2011.
- "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "130521-Triumph returns to op duties". Royal Navy. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "HMS Triumph – affiliations". Royal Navy website. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HMS Triumph (S93).|
- Royal Navy HMS Triumph (royalnavy.mod.uk)