HMS Triumph is a Trafalgar-class nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy and was the seventh and final boat of her class. She is the nineteenth nuclear-powered hunter-killer submarine built for the Royal Navy. Triumph is the tenth vessel, and the second submarine, to bear the name. The first HMS Triumph was a 68-gun galleon built in 1561. As of 2022, she is the last boat of her class remaining in service.

HMS Triumph in the Middle East, 2012
History
United Kingdom
NameTriumph
Ordered3 July 1986
BuilderVickers Shipbuilding and Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness
Laid down2 February 1987
Launched16 February 1991
Sponsored byMrs. Ann Hamilton
Commissioned2 October 1991
HomeportHMNB Devonport, Plymouth
IdentificationPennant number: S93
StatusIn active service
Badge
General characteristics [2]
Class and typeTrafalgar-class submarine
Displacement
  • Surfaced: 4,500 to 4,800 t (4,700 long tons; 5,300 short tons)[1]
  • Submerged: 5,200 to 5,300 t (5,200 long tons; 5,800 short tons)[1]
Length85.4 m (280 ft)[1]
Beam9.8 m (32 ft)[1]
Draught9.5 m (31 ft)[1]
Propulsion
SpeedOver 30 knots (56 km/h), submerged[1]
RangeUnlimited[1]
Complement130[1]
Electronic warfare
& decoys
  • 2 × SSE Mk8 launchers for Type 2066 and Type 2071 torpedo decoys
  • RESM Racal UAP passive intercept
  • CESM Outfit CXA
  • SAWCS decoys carried from 2002
Armament
  • 5 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes with stowage for up to 30 weapons:

Triumph was laid down in 1987 by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Limited.[4] The boat was launched in February 1991 by Mrs. Ann Hamilton, wife of the then Armed Forces Minister Archie Hamilton.[4] She was commissioned in October that same year.

Triumph is expected to remain in service until 2024.[5]

Operational history edit

Triumph sailed to Australia in 1993, travelling 41,000 miles (66,000 km) submerged without support—the longest solo deployment so far by a Royal Navy nuclear submarine.[6] In that same year, author Tom Clancy published a book called Submarine: a Guided Tour Inside a Nuclear Warship which was centred around Triumph and USS Miami.

War in Afghanistan edit

After the 9/11 attacks in the United States, Triumph, along with her sister ship Trafalgar, formed part of a task group in 2001 as part of the American-led invasion of Afghanistan, Britain's contribution being known as Operation Veritas.[6] During Operation Veritas, Triumph launched Tomahawk missiles at targets inside Afghanistan. When Triumph returned home after operations had ended, the boat flew the Jolly Roger, the traditional way of denoting live weapons had been fired.[7]

On 19 November 2000, Triumph ran aground travelling at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) and at a depth of 200 metres (660 ft) while off the western Scottish coast. The boat surfaced in a safe and controlled fashion. She was under the command of trainee officers and an investigation attributed the grounding to poor navigation. Triumph suffered only superficial damage.[8]

In 2005, Triumph began a £300 million nuclear refuel and refitting period which also saw the installation of an updated 2076 bow, flank and towed array sonar and a new command and control system. The boat rejoined the fleet in June 2010 and will be the last of the Trafalgar-class submarines to be decommissioned.[citation needed]

Triumph was also featured in the TV programme How to Command a Nuclear Submarine in 2011 in which trainee commanding officers are shown on the Navy's "Perisher Course".

Libya operations edit

In March 2011, she participated in Operation Ellamy, firing Tomahawk cruise missiles on 19 March 20 March and again on 24 March at Libyan air defence targets from the Mediterranean Sea. One of these strikes hit a command and control centre in Colonel Gaddafi's presidential compound.[4] Triumph returned to Devonport on 3 April 2011 flying a Jolly Roger adorned with six small tomahawk axes to indicate the missiles fired by the submarine in the operation.[9][10][11][12][13]

Eleven weeks later on 20 June upon her return to Devonport, in the interim having deployed for a second deployment in the Mediterranean and relieving HMS Turbulent, she once again flew the Jolly Roger adorned with tomahawks, indicating that further cruise missile strikes had taken place in Libya as part of the ongoing operations there.[14] Analysts believe that in total more than 15 cruise missiles were fired by the submarine during the operations.[15]

2011/2012 deployment edit

In November 2011, Triumph sailed from her home port in Devonport for a seven-month deployment that saw her away from the UK until summer 2012. The deployment saw her operate in a wide range of locations including the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.[16]

2013 edit

In May 2013, her refit was reported complete and she returned to operational duties[17] which continued to 2018.

2022 edit

Following the Integrated Review of 2020, her service was extended by 18 months, now to continue until the end of 2024.[5]

In December 2022, the submarine was reported to have returned to sea for post-refit trials, following a four-year refit to extend her service life to about 2024/25.[18] In January 2023, the submarine was reported to have deployed to the Clyde naval base, likely for operational sea training. [19]

Home port and affiliations edit

Triumph is part of the Devonport Flotilla based at Devonport.

She is currently affiliated with:

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Bush, Steve (2014). British Warships and Auxiliaries. Maritime Books. p. 12. ISBN 978-1904459552.
  2. ^ "Trafalgar Class". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  3. ^ "US study of reactor and fuel types to enable naval reactors to shift from HEU fuel". International Panel on Fissile Missiles. 10 April 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "HMS Triumph: Trafalgar Class". hmforces.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 January 2012.
  5. ^ a b "The Defence Command Paper and the future of the Royal Navy". Navy Lookout. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  6. ^ a b "HMS Triumph returns from Libya operations" (Press release). Ministry of Defence. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  7. ^ "Home and away over Christmas". Navy News. 24 December 2001. Archived from the original on 2 April 2003. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  8. ^ "Board of Inquiry: Instructions" (PDF). Flag Officer Submarines, Middlesex. 21 November 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  9. ^ Hopkins, Nick (20 March 2011). "Air strikes clear the skies but leave endgame uncertain". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  10. ^ "Missiles target Libyan air defences". Navy News. 21 March 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  11. ^ "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. Archived from the original on 26 March 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Top bombing pulverises Gaddafi's ammo bunkers". Navy News. Archived from the original on 4 April 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  13. ^ "Home in Triumph – submariners mark successful Libyan mission". Navy News. Archived from the original on 7 April 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  14. ^ "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. Retrieved 7 October 2013.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "No end in sight as RAF marks 100 days over Libya". BBC News. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  16. ^ "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. 10 November 2011. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  17. ^ "130521-Triumph returns to op duties". Royal Navy. 21 May 2013. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  18. ^ Navy Lookout [@NavyLookout] (11 December 2022). "HMS Triumph has returned to sea after more than 4 years in refit at Devonport" (Tweet). Retrieved 13 December 2022 – via Twitter.
  19. ^ @NavyLookout (27 January 2023). "HMS Triumph arrives in Faslane this morning - following refit and work up, she is likely due to undergo Operational Sea Training" (Tweet). Retrieved 28 January 2023 – via Twitter.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "HMS Triumph – affiliations". Royal Navy website. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011.

External links edit