HMS Earnest was launched at Leith in 1805 as one of 48 later Archer-class gun brigs for the British Royal Navy. During her naval career Earnest captured five small privateers and numerous merchant vessels. In 1816 the Admiralty sold her and she became the merchantman Earnest. She continued to sail and was last listed in 1850.
|Builder||Menzies & Goalen, Leith|
|Laid down||August 1804|
|Launched||16 January 1805|
|Fate||Sold May 1816|
|Acquired||May 1816 by purchase|
|Fate||Last listed 1850|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type||Archer-class gun-brig|
|Tons burthen||1826⁄94, or 18220⁄94 bm|
|Beam||22 ft 8 in (6.9 m), or 22 ft 6 in (6.9 m)|
|Depth of hold||9 ft 5 in (2.9 m)|
|Armament||10 × 18-pounder carronades|
In February 1805 Lieutenant Alexander Sinclair commissioned Earnest.
Earnest shared with Active, Griper, Carrier, Mariner, and Minx in the proceeds from the recapture of Francis, Tucker, master, and Betsey on 14 and 15 September.
Earnest was part of the Boulogne flotilla with Cruizer, Minx, Mariner, and Griper, and so all shared in the proceeds of the recapture on 29 September of Rover, of Newcastle, Hillary, master.[a]
Lieutenant Richard Templar replaced Sinclair in 1806. On 14 April Ernest sent into Dover Gute Hoffnung which had been sailing from Hamburg to Caen. On 6 June Earnest was in company with Oberon when they captured Yonge Heinrick H.H. Berg, master. Then on 7 and 8 August, Earnest and Constant captured Frau Teresta and a ship of unknown name. On 25 August 1806 Earnest captured Vrow Luckina, Caper, master.
Between January and February 1809 Earnest underwent fitting by Pitcher, Northfleet. In May Earnest was in Wingo Sound where she captured two sloop-rigged privateers, Four Brothers (or Fire Bredere), of four guns and 22 men, and Mackarel (or Makrel), of two guns and 18 men. On 15 May Superb and Earnest captured Diana, D'Lieb, and Livegierne.
On 28 July Lloyd's List reported that Earnest had recaptured Vriendschap, Kok, master, which had been sailing to the Baltic when a Danish lugger had captured her. Vriendship arrived at Ystad. Earnest also recaptured Emanuel, Tygerfon, master. The prize money notice gives the name of Friendschap's master as L. H. Hok. A later notice gives the date of recapture for Emanuel as 28 September 1808, and that of Friendschap as 2 July 1809.
On 28 July 1810, Earnest captured in the Kattegat a Danish privateer cutter of two guns and 13 men. On 2 October Earnest captured Walusten, and on 13 March 1811 Voranfsehende. This may have been the bark, from Norway, that Earnest captured off the Gallopper Sand.
On 15 June 1811, Earnest's yawl captured a French privateer schuyt of unknown name. The schuyt was armed with six guns and had a crew of 24 men, who escaped ashore. Then on 7 July Earnest captured the French privateer lugger Sacripan, of five guns and 28 men.
Lloyd's List reported on 10 September that Primus, with tar and hemp, Worksam, in ballast, Scaleigh, with corn, Experiment, with iron, Columbus. with linseed. Neptunus, with timber, and Hector, with sundry goods, had all come into Yarmouth. They were prizes to HMS Tremendous, Ranger, Calypso, Algerine, Musquito, Earnest. and Portia.
In June 1814 Lieutenant James Tait replaced Templar.
From roughly 1812 on, the London Gazette started publishing detailed breakdowns of prize money. In the tables below, a First-Class share was that of commander of the vessel, unless the commander was a Lieutenant operating in company with another vessel under the command of a Commander or a Captain. A sixth-class share was that of an Ordinary Seaman. Head money was a bounty paid for each enemy crew member on a warship or privateer.
|Date of prize||Name of prize||First-class share (£sd)||Sixth-class share (£sd)||Notes|
|9 October 1813||Neptunus||£23 6s 3d||4s 4¼d||Shared with six other vessels|
|6 May 1809||Four Brothers
|£68 14s 2d||£3 19s 3d|
|29 May 1809||Henrietta
|£124 1s 10d||£7 6s 0¼|
|25 June 1809||Providentia||£13 16s 0d||15s 4¾d|
|8 March 1813||Ringende Jacob||£42 16s 2d||£2 1s 7½d|
|18 March 1813||Anna Maria||£10 1s 10d||9s 9¾d|
|25 April 1813||Wirksome Swane||£71 7s 2d||£3 10s 2¼d|
|17 May 1809||Lecergerne
|£6 8s 4d||5s 1¼d||Second-class share not First because shared with Superbe|
|22 June 1809||Catherina Sophia||£2 0s 7½d||2s||Recapture; Second-class share not First because shared with Princess Caroline|
|26 September 1808
1 October 1808
|£17 4s 0d||8s 2½d (Lystig)
3s 11¼d (Assistenten)
|5&6 May 1809||Four Brothers
|£39 19s 8d||£1 10s 9d||Head money|
|2 July 1809||Hertigheden||£7 7s 6d||5s 3d||Head money|
|28 June 1810
20 July 1810
|£22 2s 2d||15s ?d||Head money|
|6 July 1811||Sacripan||£13 2s 8d||8s 3¾d||Head money|
|19 June to 8 August 1811||Geddan
|£31 4s 4d||£1 11s 6¾d|
|19 June to 8 August 1811||Gustava, Maria, Maria Fortuna, & Anna Maria||£121 11s 4d||£5 15s 9d|
|15 June 1811||French privateer of unknown name||£21 3s 9d||16s 2¼d||Head money paid 1829; Lieutenant Templar described as deceased|
The "Principal Officers and Commissioners of His Majesty's Navy" announced that on 18 April they would offer for sale a number of vessels, one of them being "Earnest gun-brig, of 182 tons", lying at Deptford.
Beatson & Co. purchased Earnest on 2 May 1816 for £600 and retained her name. He also had her rebuilt. She entered Lloyd's Register in 1818 (the Register was not published in 1817), with J. Beatson master and owner, and trade London–Fayal.
On the night of 28 January 1819, Earnest, Beatson, master, ran on shore near Winterton-on-Sea, Norfolk. She was nearly full of water and had previously struck on the Haisborough Sands on her way from Hamburgh to London.
Earnest appeared in the 1820 Register of Shipping with trade London–Bahia. Lloyd's List reported on 1 January 1820 that as she was sailing from Pernambuco to Le Havre she ran aground near Cherbourg. She was expected to be got off.
On 3 December 1825 Earnest, Spooner, master, was reported to be in Memel harbour in a critical state as there was floating ice and strong currents.
|Year||Master||Owner||Trade||Source or notes|
|Beatson||London–Rio de Janeiro
|Register of Shipping (RS)|
|1830||Hunter||Chambers||London–Memel||RS; small repairs 1828|
|1835||Stafford||R. Hart||Newcastle–London||Lloyd's Register (LR); small repairs 1835|
|1840||Stafford||R. Hart||Newcastle–London||LR; small repairs 1835|
|LR; Large repair in 1843 and 1846|
|1850||T. Landers||R. Hart||Shields–Baltic||LR; Large repair in 1843 and 1846|
- ^ a b c d Hackman (2001), p. 271.
- ^ a b c d Winfield (2008), p. 342.
- ^ "No. 15877". The London Gazette. 31 December 1805. p. 7.
- ^ "No. 15950". The London Gazette. 30 August 1806. pp. 1141–1142.
- ^ Lloyd's List №4045.
- ^ "No. 16301". The London Gazette. 26 September 1809. p. 1566.
- ^ "No. 16237". The London Gazette. 16 May 1809. p. 348.
- ^ "No. 16334". The London Gazette. 16 January 1810. p. 89.
- ^ "No. 16260". The London Gazette. 23 May 1809. p. 736.
- ^ "No. 16607". The London Gazette. 26 May 1812. p. 1009.
- ^ Lloyd's List №4374.
- ^ "No. 16341". The London Gazette. 10 January 1810. p. 223.
- ^ "No. 16349". The London Gazette. 10 March 1810. p. 358.
- ^ "No. 16398". The London Gazette. 21 August 1810. p. 1261.
- ^ Lloyd's List №4488.
- ^ "No. 16564". The London Gazette. 18 January 1812. p. 132.
- ^ Lloyd's List №4545.
- ^ Naval Chronicle Vol. 26, p.81.
- ^ Naval Gazetteer... (1842), p.518.
- ^ Demerliac (2003), p. 339.
- ^ "The Marine List". Lloyd's List. No. 4596. 10 September 1811. hdl:2027/hvd.32044105232920. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
- ^ "No. 17128". The London Gazette. 16 April 1816. p. 711.
- ^ Lloyd's Register (1818), Seq.№E43.
- ^ Lloyd's List №5357.
- ^ Lloyd's List №5453.
- ^ Lloyd's List №6074.
- Demerliac, Alain (2003). La Marine du Consulat et du Premier Empire: Nomenclature des Navires Français de 1800 A 1815 (in French). Éditions Ancre. ISBN 2-903179-30-1.
- Hackman, Rowan (2001). Ships of the East India Company. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-96-7.
- Naval Gazetteer, Biographer and Chronologist: Containing a History of the Late Wars from ... 1793 to ... 1801; and from ... 1803 to 1815, and Continued, as to the Biographical Part to the Present Time. (1842). (C. Wilson).
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-86176-246-7.