HMS Cruizer (1828)
HMS Cruizer was a Snake-class ship-sloop launched in 1828 for the British Royal Navy. The ship was built as a revival of the retired Snake-class ship-sloops. The Navy converted her to a brig in 1831, back to a ship in 1840, and sold her at Bombay in 1849
Steering apparatus of Cruizer
|Laid down:||January 1826|
|Launched:||19 January 1828|
|Fate:||Sold March 1849|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Snake-class ship-sloop|
|Tons burthen:||38241⁄94 (bm)|
|Beam:||30 ft 6 in (9.3 m)|
|Depth of hold:||12 ft 9 in (3.9 m)|
Service in ChinaEdit
Cruizer saw extensive service during the First Opium War. She participated in the Battle of Whampoa, the Second Battle of Chuenpi, the Battle of Canton, the Battle of Amoy, and the Battle of First Bar. During the Battle of Whampoa, Major General Hugh Gough, commander of the British Army during the First Opium War, personally directed the land assault on Whampoa island from Cruizer's deck.
The transport Indian Oak was wrecked on 14 August 1840 about 10 miles north of Napakiang (Naha) at Great Loochow Island (Okinawa). The Okinawans built a junk for the crew and passengers from Indian Oak that was given the name Loochoo. Cruizer and HMS Nimrod arrived on 16 September. Cruizer sailed shortly thereafter. Nimrod and Loochoo, which was carrying the people from Indian Oak, sailed on 28 September and arrived at Chusan on 5 October.
In January 1841, Cruizer recaptured the whaling brig Pilot. The local inhabitants in the Nicobar Islands had captured Pilot in December 1840 and murdered most of her crew. Pilot was taken into Singapore.[Note 1]
Notes, citations and referencesEdit
- Pilot had been on her fourth whaling voyage. She returned to England in September 1841 and thereafter made a fifth whaling voyage.
- Winfield (2014), p. 207.
- Henderson (1980), p. 172.
- The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia. Parbury, Allen, and Company. 1839-01-01.
- Osgood, Joseph Barlow Felt (1854-01-01). Notes of Travel: Or, Recollections of Majunga, Zanzibar, Muscat, Aden, Mocha, and Other Eastern Ports. G. Creamer. p. 133.
- Bulletins of State Intelligence (1841), p. 348.
- Rait, Robert S. (Robert Sangster) (1903). The life and campaigns of Hugh, first Viscount Gough, Field-Marshal. Cornell University Library. Westminster, A. Constable & Co., Ltd.
- "Narrative of facts attending the Wreck of the Transport "Indian Oak" on the Loochoo Islands; communicated from the Political Secratarial Office, Government of India. J. J. R. BOWMAN, Agt." Journal of the Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India), 1 September 01, 1840; pg. 916; Issue 105/21.
- "Ship News". The Times (17642). London. 12 April 1841. col C, p. 7.
- University of Hull — British Southern Whale Fishery - Voyages: Pilot. Accessed 21 September 2017.
- Henderson, Graeme (1980). Unfinished Voyages: 1622-1850. 1. University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 978-0-85564-176-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Winfield, Rif (2014). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1817–1863: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-84832-169-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Bulletins of State Intelligence. Westminster: F. Watts. 1841.